This book documents and explains civil defence preparations for national cyber emergencies in conditions of both peace and war.

The volume analyses the escalating sense of crisis around state-sponsored cyber attacks that has emerged since 2015, when the United States first declared a national emergency in cyberspace. It documents a shift in thinking in the USA, from cooperative resilience-oriented approaches at national level to more highly regulated, state-led civil defence initiatives. Although the American response has been mirrored in other countries, the shift is far from universal. Civil defence strategies have come into play but the global experience of that has not been consistent or even that successful. Containing contributions from well-placed scholars and practitioners, this volume reviews a selection of national experiences (from the USA, Australia, India, China, Estonia, and Finland) and a number of key thematic issues (information weapons, alliance coordination, and attack simulations). These demonstrate a disconnect between the deepening sense of vulnerability and the availability of viable solutions at the national level. Awareness of this gap may ultimately lead to more internationally oriented cooperation, but the trend for now appears to be more conflictual and rooted in a growing sense of insecurity.

This book will be of much interest to students of cyber security, homeland security, disaster management, and international relations, as well as practitioners and policy-makers.

chapter |9 pages


chapter 1|21 pages

From cyber resilience to civil defence

Contested concepts, elusive goals

chapter 2|29 pages

US policy

From cyber incidents to national emergencies

chapter 3|16 pages

India and China

Warnings ignored?

chapter 4|17 pages

Civil defence and cyber security

A contemporary European perspective

chapter 5|15 pages

National cyber emergency policy for Australia

Critical infrastructure

chapter 6|17 pages

Mind the gap

Western military theory of victory vs cyber attack

chapter 8|23 pages


Recognising the national cyber emergency in Australia

chapter 9|15 pages

Alliance attribution of global cyber attacks

The European Union

chapter 10|12 pages

Preparing for the cyber storm

A survey of simulation

chapter 11|13 pages

Wargaming national cyber emergencies

chapter 13|17 pages

Design it, build it, defend it

Using cyber exercises in the education of cyber forces