The Handbook introduces, contextualises, critiques, and discusses a range of perspectives associated with the concept of the circular economy. These perspectives span an array of subjects including economics, environmental policymaking, sociology, environmental science, environmental and industrial engineering, management, international development, and human geography.

A fundamental underpinning of the Handbook is that it takes account of a wide range of sectors, as well as geographical perspectives that incorporate both a Global North and Global South world context. This approach is crucial because it is only within such a holistic perspective that the circular economy concept can truly be examined. In addition, these issues are examined both from a theoretical as well as a practical perspective, using real-world case studies for illustration.

Given its wide subject, sectoral, and geographical areas of focus, the Handbook should be of value not only for those undertaking research in the field of circular economy, but also stakeholders involved in policymaking, as well as decision-making on the front line.

chapter 1|7 pages


Examining the concept of the circular economy
ByTerry Tudor, Cleber JC. Dutra

part Part I|81 pages

The need for and challenges surrounding circularity

chapter 2|9 pages

Natural resources. Consumption, pollution, and health risks

Developed versus developing economies
ByGiovanni Vinti, Mentore Vaccari

chapter 3|14 pages

Consumption and materialism

From acquisitive to responsible materialism
ByIsadora do Carmo Stangherlin, John Thøgersen

chapter 4|8 pages

Embedding more circular approaches to the management of resources

ByLouise Maxwell

chapter 5|8 pages

Environmental justice, waste management, and the circular economy

Global perspectives
ByPaul Cox

chapter 6|4 pages

Resource consumption and the associated health risks

A brief overview
ByTerry Tudor

chapter 7|15 pages

The Sustainable Development Goals as drivers for change

ByDavid C. Wilson

chapter 8|9 pages

Triggers for industrial symbiosis

Lessons learnt from twenty-five case studies
ByKaren Miller, Doroteya Vladimirova

chapter 9|12 pages

Bought today, gone tomorrow? From linear to circular consumption 1

ByMelanie Jaeger-Erben

part Part II|71 pages

Measuring and implementing circularity

chapter 11|14 pages

Conceptualising circular start-ups

ByMarvin Henry, Julian Kirchherr

chapter 12|14 pages

Ecodesign and circular design of products

Concepts, assessment, and strategies
ByVicente B. Vert, Eva Verdejo

chapter 14|11 pages

Complexity and the circular economy

Systems approaches for change
ByMartha Bicket

chapter 15|9 pages

Circular economy meso-level planning

An approach with ‘distributed economies’
ByMario Augusto P. Monteiro, Cleber JC. Dutra

part Part III|46 pages

Policy and legislative considerations

chapter 16|11 pages

The role of policy in creating a more circular economy

ByPatrick J. Mahon

chapter 17|11 pages

Legal considerations for a circular economy

BySean Thomas

chapter 18|10 pages

Economic and trade considerations of circular economy approaches

ByPaul Sheeran

chapter 19|12 pages

Managing waste at the national and local levels

ByChristian Zurbrügg

part Part IV|62 pages

Sharing economies and capacity building

chapter 20|9 pages

Making sustainable markets and the forming of a circular economy

ByKaty Mason, Thomas Jalili Tanha

chapter 21|11 pages

Becoming eco-literate through experiential encounters with food

ByGia Daprano

chapter 22|12 pages

Implementing low-carbon strategies – analysis of barriers

ByJohannes Fresner, Fabio Morea, Christina Krenn, Anton Kleshkov, Fabio Tomasi

chapter 23|9 pages

Overcoming financial, social, and environmental challenges faced by cooperatives

Case studies from the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
ByTania Nunes da Silva, Eugenio Avila Pedrozo

chapter 25|9 pages

Refugee camps and circular economy in Palestinian West Bank

Challenges and opportunities
ByMarco Caniato, Valérie Thöni

part Part V|63 pages


chapter 26|14 pages

Exploring household dynamics for recycling in the United Kingdom

A case study of recycling habits in greater London
ByAnnabelle Boulay, Guy M. Robinson, Stewart Barr, Gareth Shaw, Alan Metcalfe

chapter 27|18 pages

Circular start-ups

Five business model archetypes as frontrunners of circular disruption
ByMarvin Henry, Julian Kirchherr

chapter 28|10 pages

Enablers and barriers for industrial symbiosis

Lessons learnt from twenty-five case studies
ByDoroteya Vladimirova, Karen Miller

chapter 29|10 pages

A proposed approach for a solid waste collection system in an African rural town

A case study from Kenya
ByMentore Vaccari

chapter 30|9 pages

Circular economy opportunities in Africa – emerging sectors and missing narratives

BySally-Anne Käsner, Sarah O’Carroll

part Part VI|104 pages


chapter 31|13 pages

Modular smartphones and circular design strategies

The shape of things to come?
BySabine Hielscher, Melanie Jaeger-Erben, Erik Poppe

chapter 32|9 pages

The use of by-products in new materials

ByRory Doherty, Elizabeth Gilligan, Charlie Farrell, Sreejith Nanukuttan, Ruth Morrow

chapter 33|10 pages

Using circular supply chains to create community biogas

ByAnanya Mukherjee

chapter 34|6 pages

Circular economy initiatives in India

A case study approach
ByV. Madha Suresh

chapter 35|11 pages

Product-service system business models and circular economy

ByMiying Yang

chapter 36|10 pages

Circular business models in selected geographical contexts

An analysis of two cases
ByGianmarco Bressanelli, Nicola Saccani, Marco Perona

chapter 37|14 pages

Implementing low-carbon strategies in small and medium-sized enterprises

Auditing strategies
ByJohannes Fresner, Fabio Morea, Christina Krenn, Fabio Tomasi

chapter 38|10 pages

Circular economy principles in Africa

The case of off-grid solar in Kenya
ByFederico Magalini, Joe Segal, Marco Meloni

chapter 39|14 pages

Circular supply chain

Emerging opportunities and challenges
ByUthayasankar Sivarajah, Elizabeth Ragonga

chapter |5 pages


ByTerry Tudor, Cleber JC. Dutra