This volume examines the ongoing construction of the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) doctrine, elaborating on areas of both consolidation and contestation.

The book focuses on how the R2P doctrine has been both consolidated and contested along three dimensions, regarding its meaning, status and application. The first focuses on how the R2P should be understood in a theoretical sense, exploring it through the lens of the International Relations constructivist approach and through different toolkits available to conventional and critical constructivists. The second focuses on how the R2P interacts with other normative frameworks, and how this interaction can lead to a range of effects from mutual reinforcement and co-evolution through to unanticipated feedback that can undermine consensus and flexibility. The third focuses on how key state actors – including the United States, China and Russia – understand, use and contest the R2P. Together, the book’s chapters demonstrate that broad aspects of the R2P are consolidated in the sense that they are accepted by states even while other, specific aspects, remain subject to contestation in practice and in policy.

This book will be of much interest to students of the R2P, human rights, peace studies and international relations.

chapter |27 pages


Consolidation and contestation of the Responsibility to Protect
ByCharles T. Hunt, Phil Orchard

chapter 1|22 pages

Contestation, norms and the Responsibility to Protect as a regime

ByPhil Orchard

chapter 2|19 pages

R2P and the benefits of norm ambiguity

ByLuke Glanville, Wesley W. Widmaier

chapter 3|20 pages

Telling the story of R2P

The emplotment of R2P in the UN Security Council’s debates on Libya
BySassan Gholiagha, Bastian Loges

chapter 4|24 pages

The Responsibility to Protect and the Protection of Civilians in UN peace operations

Interaction, feedback and co-evolution
ByCharles T. Hunt

chapter 5|16 pages

R2P and WPS

Operationalizing prevention from alignment
BySara E. Davies, Sarah Hewitt

chapter 6|20 pages

Strange bedfellows

Terrorism/counter-terrorism and the Responsibility to Protect
ByShannon Zimmerman

chapter 7|19 pages

Resistance and accommodation in China’s approach toward R2P

BySarah Teitt

chapter 8|19 pages

Russia and the R2P

Norm entrepreneur, anti-preneur, or violator?
ByPhil Orchard, Heather Rae