Examining urban heritage in twentieth-century Australia, James Lesh reveals how evolving ideas of value and significance shaped cities and places. Over decades, a growing number of sites and areas were found to be valuable by communities and professionals. Places perceived to have value were often conserved. Places perceived to lack value became subject to modernisation, redevelopment, and renewal. From the 1970s, alongside strengthened activism and legislation, with the innovative Burra Charter (1979), the values-based model emerged for managing the aesthetic, historic, scientific, and social significance of historic environments. Values thus transitioned from an implicit to an overt component of urban, architectural, and planning conservation. The field of conservation became a noted profession and discipline. Conservation also had a broader role in celebrating the Australian nation and in reconciling settler colonialism for the twentieth century. Integrating urban history and heritage studies, this book provides the first longitudinal study of the twentieth-century Australian heritage movement. It advocates for innovative and reflexive modes of heritage practice responsive to urban, social, and environmental imperatives. As the values-based model continues to shape conservation worldwide, this book is an essential reference for researchers, students, and practitioners concerned with the past and future of cities and heritage.

The Foreword and Chapter 1/Introduction of this book are available for free in PDF format as Open Access from the individual product page at www.routledge.com. It has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 license.



chapter |3 pages


ByGraeme Davison
Size: 0.04 MB

chapter 1|21 pages


Conservation, Cities, and Values
ByJames Lesh
Size: 2.00 MB

chapter 2|34 pages

Settler-Colonial Foundations, 1900s–30s

ByJames Lesh

chapter 3|30 pages

The Establishment of the National Trust, 1940s–60s

ByJames Lesh

chapter 4|34 pages

The Modern Field, 1950s–60s

ByJames Lesh

chapter 5|33 pages

The Heritage Movement, 1960s–70s

ByJames Lesh

chapter 6|32 pages

National Estate Visions, 1970s

ByJames Lesh

chapter 7|32 pages

Professionalisation and the Burra Charter, 1970s

ByJames Lesh

chapter 8|37 pages

Frameworks, Tools, Criteria, 1980s–90s

ByJames Lesh

chapter 9|36 pages

Changing Cities, Evolving Values, 1980s–90s

ByJames Lesh

chapter 10|12 pages


The Past and Future of Conservation
ByJames Lesh

chapter |2 pages


BySharon Veale