ABSTRACT

The 2011 Arab uprisings led to a great proliferation of studies on the situations in the Arab countries of the Mediterranean, with particular attention given to their young people, whose role was particularly central. Eight years on, in-depth exploration is still needed of the conditions in which millions of (mainly young) people demanded change. In this context, this volume examines the state and diversity of the forms of socioeconomic, political and cultural marginalization facing the region's young men and women, as well as the strategies and routes of contestation by which they escape them. Through the interdisciplinary empiricism of this book, based on the results emerging from the SAHWA Project (funded by the European Commission under the Seventh Framework Programme, grant agreement nº 613174), we aspire to build a complex description and analysis of the current situation of the Arab Mediterranean youth.

The aim is to fathom out young people’s patterns, agency and living conditions, focusing on the relational character of the juvenile worlds actively constructed by themselves. The authors explore the main trends that are reflected in the social strategies, cultural constructions and changes within the Arab youth population, and whether the creation of new lifestyles and the emergence of youth cultures are an indicator of sociopolitical transitions. To answer all these questions the researchers have conducted a comprehensive study in five Arab Mediterranean countries: Algeria, Egypt, Lebanon, Morocco and Tunisia. Based on mixed method research the data collection is composed of two primary sources: the SAHWA Youth Survey 2016 (2017), in which 10,000 young people were interviewed; and the SAHWA Ethnographic Fieldwork 2015, involving more than 200 young people.

chapter |10 pages

Introduction. Youth at the Margins

ByElena Sánchez-Montijano, José Sánchez García

part I|2 pages

To be young in Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Egypt and Lebanon: case studies

chapter 1|17 pages

Is becoming an entrepreneur the way out for young Moroccans? 1

ByCaroline Minialai, Lisa Bossenbroek, Driss Ksikes

chapter 2|19 pages

Youth civic and political participation in Algeria 1

Issues and challenges
ByMustapha Omrane

chapter 3|14 pages

Young Tunisian men and women, between marginalisation and recognition 1

BySoukeina Bouraoui, Lilia Othman Challougui, Sihem Najar

chapter 4|20 pages

Revolt, re-marginalisation and co-optation 1

Youth political participation in Egypt
ByBahgat Korany

chapter 5|21 pages

“Born to be exported”?

The post-civil war Lebanese youth(s) 1 and the rupture between education and employment 2
ByRima Majed

part II|2 pages

An overview of Arab Mediterranean youth

chapter 6|18 pages

Arab Mediterranean youth 1

Religion and politics
ByKen Roberts, Siyka Kovacheva, Stanimir Kabaivanov

chapter 7|19 pages

“Getting out from the shell of fear”? 1

Forms of youth political engagement and the impact of social inequalities in the MENA countries
BySiyka Kovacheva, Stanimir Kabaivanov, Boris Popivanov

chapter 8|18 pages

School-to-work transitions in Arab Mediterranean countries 1

ByLeonie Backeberg, Andreas Etling, Jochen Tholen

chapter 9|19 pages

Political chronotopes of youth engagement 1

Towards more inclusive and enabling environments
BySofia Laine, Martta Myllylä

chapter 10|21 pages

The transformation of youth cultural norms and values 1

A gendered analysis 2
ByIlenya Camozzi, Daniela Cherubini, Carmen Leccardi, Paola Rivetti

chapter 11|20 pages

The Euro-Med Youth Programme and young people in the Arab Mediterranean countries 1

A reality check
ByAsuman Göksel, Özgehan Şenyuva

chapter 12|19 pages

Youth demarginalisation strategies in the Arab Mediterranean countries 1

ByElena Sánchez-Montijano, José Sánchez García