Climate change and environmental degradation have intensified the pressures on crucial resources such as food and water security and air quality. In this collection, academic researchers and practitioners who have lived and worked in countries as geographically and culturally diverse as Brazil, China, India, Ghana, Palestine, Uganda and Venezuela draw on their wide-ranging international and inter-sectoral experience to offer valuable comparative insights into the relationship between research and evidence-based policy for sustaining natural resources. Their contributions provide a novel mix of disciplinary perspectives ranging across geography, ecology, social policy, the political economy, philosophy, international development, engineering technology, architecture and urban planning. They examine the institutions involved in generating and mediating evidence about the sustainability of natural resources in a changing environment, and the different methodologies employed in collecting and assessing evidence, informing policy and contributing to governance. The authors demonstrate not only that social science evidence on governance and policy implementation to sustain natural resources must complement natural science inputs, but also that local communities must be an integral part of any programme development.

This book was originally published as a special issue of Contemporary Social Science.

chapter |13 pages

International water targets and national realities in Sub-Saharan Africa: the case of Uganda

ByKevin Sansom, David Hirst, Sam Kayaga

chapter |14 pages

Towards sustainable development: planning surface coal mine closures in India

ByRaman Srikanth, Hippu Salk Kristle Nathan

chapter |14 pages

The impact of urbanisation on land resources in Chongqing, China, 1997–2015

ByHuiming Zong, Bingjie Cai

chapter |13 pages

Gendered participation in community forest governance in India

BySatyapriya Rout

chapter |15 pages

Community empowerment in changing environments: creating value through food security

ByNicole Kenton, Sumita Singha

chapter |12 pages

Environmental impact assessment: evidence-based policymaking in Brazil

ByKathryn Hochstetler

chapter |16 pages

Low carbon energy and international development: from research impact to policymaking
ByEd Brown, Ben Campbell, Jon Cloke, Long Seng To, Britta Turner, Alistair Wray