The rising cost of illness and disability benefits are one of today’s biggest social and labour market challenges. The promise of activation-oriented work disability policies was labour market engagement for all people, regardless of illness, injury or impairment. However, the reality has been more complex.

The Science and Politics of Work Disability Policy addresses social and political economic contexts driving state work disability reform in 13 countries. In this first attempt to explain the history and future of work disability policy, this book asks new questions about work disability policy design, focus, and effects. It details how work disability policies have evolved with jurisdictions, why these take their current shape, and where they are heading. The well positioned authors draw on their insider knowledge and expertise in law, medicine, and social science to provide detailed case studies of their jurisdictions.

This pathbreaking volume will be of interest to social security system policy makers, scholars, and students in the health and social sciences.

part 1|28 pages

Work Disability Policy Context

chapter 1|15 pages

Work Disability Policy

Current Challenges and New Questions
ByEllen MacEachen

part 2|93 pages

Cause-Based Social Security Systems

chapter 3|19 pages

Work Disability in the United States

A Fragmented System
ByAllard E. Dembe

chapter 4|22 pages

Strengths and Weaknesses of Regulatory Systems Designed to Prevent Work Disability After Injury or Illness

An Overview of Mechanisms in a Selection of Canadian Compensation Systems
ByKatherine Lippel

chapter 5|16 pages

The Australian Work Disability Patchwork

ByGenevieve Grant

chapter 6|15 pages

The New Zealand Universal Accident Scheme

Problems Solved and New Challenges
ByGrant Duncan

chapter 7|19 pages

An Overview of Work Disability Policies In China

ByDesai Shan

part 3|135 pages

Comprehensive Social Security Systems

chapter 8|16 pages

Reforming Activation in Swedish Work Disability Policy

ByChristian Ståhl, Ida Seing

chapter 9|17 pages

Work Disability Prevention in Finland

Promoting Work Ability Through Occupational Health Collaboration
ByKari-Pekka Martimo

chapter 10|13 pages

Work Disability Prevention in France

Organizational and Political Challenges
ByJean-Baptiste Fassier

chapter 11|18 pages

Work Disability Policy in Germany

Experiences of Collective and Individual Participation and Cooperation
ByFelix Welti

chapter 12|16 pages

Keeping People at Work

New Work Disability Prevention Measures in Switzerland
ByThomas Geisen

chapter 13|18 pages

Disability Prevention Policies in Belgium

Navigating Between Scientific and Socioeconomic Influences
ByPhilippe Mairiaux

chapter 14|19 pages

Work Disability Prevention in the Netherlands

A Key Role for Employers
ByAngelique de Rijk

chapter 15|16 pages

The Rise and Fall of Income Replacement Disability Benefit Receipt in the United Kingdom

What Are the Consequences of Reforms?
ByBen Barr, Philip McHale

part 4|25 pages

Challenges and Opportunities for Work Disability Policy

chapter 16|23 pages

Science, Politics, and Values in Work Disability Policy

A Reflection on Trends and the Way Forward
ByEllen MacEachen, Kerstin Ekberg