Genocide and Victimology examines genocide in its diverse features, from different yet connected perspectives, to offer an interdisciplinary, victimological imagination of genocide. It will include in its exploration critical and cultural victimologies and criminologies of genocide, accompanied by, and recognising, the rich scholarship on genocide in the fields of religion and history, theatre studies and photography, philosophy and existentialism, post-colonialism, and ethnography and biography.

Bringing together theory with empirical research and drawing on a range of case studies, such as the Treblinka extermination camp, the Bosnian and Rwandan genocides, the Sagkeeng First Nation in Manitoba, Canada, and genocidal violence in Syria and Iraq, this book engages the victimological imagination towards an interdisciplinary, cosmopolitan victimology of genocide. Bundled and intertwined, the wide yet integrated variety of perspectives on genocide gives readers a victimological kaleidoscope to discover, and for victimology hitherto, unexplored theory and methodology. This way, readers can develop their own more epistemologically, theoretically, and methodologically robust victimology of genocide—a victimology of genocide as envisioned by Nicole Rafter. The book hopes to canvas an understanding and a starting point for a diverse appreciation of genocide victimhood and survivorship from which the real post-genocidal harms and sites, post-traumatic stress disorder, courts and tribunals, and overall meaningful justice will benefit.

Written in a clear and direct style, this book will appeal to students and scholars in criminology, sociology, cultural studies, philosophy, history, religious studies, English literature, and all those concerned with not repeating a history of genocide.

chapter |5 pages


Unfolding a victimological imagination of genocide

chapter 2|15 pages

Victimology and genocide

Neglected stories?

chapter 3|13 pages

Durkheim’s moral individualism and international criminal justice

A critical appraisal of humanity’s savages, victims, and saviours

chapter 4|18 pages

The Rohingya crisis

Accountability for decades of persecution

chapter 5|17 pages

LGBT+ Genocide

Understanding hetero-nationalism and the politics of psychological silence

chapter 6|16 pages

Symbiotic victimisation and destruction

Law and human/other-than-human relationality in genocide

chapter 7|36 pages

On ‘visualising the truth of genocide’

Reflections on whakapapa and finding southern epistemology, occasioned by a tattered album from the nomos of the Holocaust

chapter 8|13 pages

‘Playing Srebrenica’

Theatre plays in the Netherlands regarding Srebrenica

chapter 9|18 pages

The role of past victimisation in genocidal mythologies

Bosnian and Rwandan experiences

chapter 10|20 pages

Genocide and forced migration

The dual victimisation of refugees escaping war and genocide

chapter 11|13 pages

Fortress Britain or migratory haven?

Genocide survivors’ experiences of migration to the United Kingdom

chapter |9 pages


A victimological imagination of genocide