This volume of case studies examines the rise in violent extremism, terrorism and insurgency in South and South East Asia, and subsequent state responses.

The South and South East of Asia has experienced various forms of extremism and violence for years, with a growing demand for academic or policy-relevant work that will enhance understanding of the reasons behind this. The violent challenges in this area have taken a variety of forms and are often exacerbated by lack of governance, tie-ins to existing regional criminal networks, colonial legacies and a presence of international terrorist movements. Written by experts with field experience, this volume analyzes the key element of successful response as the appropriate application of doctrine following nuanced assessment of threat. In practice, this often means counterinsurgency doctrine. The essays also analyze the need for irregular war practitioners to systematically examine the changing character of intrastate violent irregular challenges. The volume fills a gap in the understanding of patterns, drivers, organizations and ideologies of various insurgent and terrorist groups, and state responses. It also provides a set of recommendations for addressing the unfolding situation. 

This book will be of much interest to students of terrorism and political violence, counterinsurgency and counterterrorism, Asian politics and security studies in general.

chapter |14 pages


Understanding insurgencies and violent extremism in South and South East Asia
ByShanthie Mariet D’Souza

part I|2 pages

Emerging challenges

chapter 1|22 pages

Countering the Islamic State in Asia

ByDawood Azami

chapter 2|20 pages

The Philippines’ counter-terror conundrum

Marawi and Duterte’s battle against the Islamic State
ByRichard Javad Heydarian

chapter 3|17 pages

The evolution of violent extremism and state response in Indonesia

ByGeoffrey Macdonald, Rhonda Mays, Luke Waggoner

chapter 4|15 pages

The Rohingya and Myanmar’s counter terrorism approach

ByBibhu Prasad Routray

chapter 5|16 pages

Emerging violent radical Islamism in the Maldives

ByKirklin J. Bateman

part II|2 pages

Cautious optimism – or false dawn?

chapter 6|44 pages

Back to the future

Nepali people’s war as “new war”
ByThomas A. Marks

chapter 7|15 pages

India’s two-track response to the Naxalite movement

Security and development, but no political process
BySamir Puri

chapter 8|23 pages

Delimiting an Indian strategic approach to counterinsurgency

ByBibhu Prasad Routray

chapter 9|15 pages

Countering violent extremism

The Singapore experience
ByMohamed Bin Ali

part III|2 pages


chapter 11|17 pages

The counterinsurgency quandary in post-2001 Afghanistan

ByAntonio Giustozzi

chapter 12|19 pages

Insurgency and violent extremism in Pakistan

ByMarvin G. Weinbaum

chapter 13|15 pages

Counterinsurgency in Pakistan

The role of legitimacy
ByAnatol Lieven

chapter 14|9 pages

Thailand’s south

Roots of conflict
ByThomas A. Marks

part IV|2 pages


chapter 15|29 pages

Size still matters

Explaining Sri Lanka’s counterinsurgency victory over the Tamil Tigers
BySameer P. Lalwani

chapter 16|37 pages

Sri Lanka

State response to Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam
ByThomas A. Marks

chapter |12 pages


Framing effective responses and future pathways
ByShanthie Mariet D’Souza