This handbook includes contributions from established and emerging scholars from around the world and draws on multiple approaches and subjects to explore the socio-economic, cultural, ecological, institutional, legal, and policy aspects of regenerative food practices.

The future of food is uncertain. We are facing an overwhelming number of interconnected and complex challenges related to the ways we grow, distribute, access, eat, and dispose of food. Yet, there are stories of hope and opportunities for radical change towards food systems that enhance the ability of living things to co-evolve. Given this, activities and imaginaries looking to improve, rather than just sustain, communities and ecosystems are needed, as are fresh perspectives and new terminology. The Routledge Handbook of Sustainable and Regenerative Food Systems addresses this need. The chapters cover diverse practices, geographies, scales, and entry-points. They focus not only on the core requirements to deliver sustainable agriculture and food supply, but go beyond this to think about how these can also actively participate with social-ecological systems. The book is presented in an accessible way, with reflection questions meant to spark discussion and debate on how to transition to safe, just, and healthy food systems. Taken together, the chapters in this handbook highlight the consequences of current food practices and showcase the multiple ways that people are doing food differently.

The Routledge Handbook of Sustainable and Regenerative Food Systems is essential reading for students and scholars interested in food systems, governance and practices, agroecology, rural sociology, and socio-environmental studies.

chapter 1|11 pages

Regenerating food systems

A social-ecological approach
ByJessica Duncan, Michael Carolan, Johannes S.C. Wiskerke

chapter 2|14 pages

A political economy for regenerative food systems

Towards an integrated research agenda
ByCharles Z. Levkoe, Ana Moragues-Faus, Jessica Duncan

chapter 3|12 pages

Indigenous livelihood

ByAngga Dwiartama

chapter 5|15 pages

Beyond culturally-significant practices

Decolonizing ontologies for regenerative food-systems
ByAude Chesnais

chapter 6|19 pages

Traditional food, the right to food, and sustainable food systems

ByAlison Blay-Palmer, Andrew Spring, Evelyn R. Nimmo, André Eduardo Biscaia de Lacerda

chapter 7|14 pages

Co-creative governance of agroecology

ByLisa Deijl, Jessica Duncan

chapter 8|15 pages


ByPaul V. Stock, Lukas Szrot

chapter 9|13 pages

Labor regeneration

Work, technology, and resistance
ByJoshua Sbicca

chapter 10|15 pages

Caring agricultural and food practices

ByJan Hassink, Angela Moriggi, Saverio Senni, Elisabeth Hense, Dries de Moor

chapter 11|13 pages

Animal functionality and interspecies relations in regenerative agriculture

Considering necessity and the possibilities of non-violence
ByTony Weis, Rebecca A. Ellis

chapter 12|17 pages

Linking small-scale fishing and community capitals

The case of Atlantic cod
ByHolly Amos, Megan Bailey

chapter 13|17 pages

Food and markets

The contribution of economic sociology
BySergio Schneider, Abel Cassol

chapter 14|16 pages

The symbiotic food system

ByMarc Wegerif

chapter 15|14 pages

Food sharing

ByAnna Davies

chapter 16|14 pages

Financing food system regeneration?

The potential of social finance in the agrifood sector
ByPhoebe Stephens, Jennifer Clapp

chapter 17|16 pages

Citizen entrepreneurship

The making, and remaking, of local food entrepreneurs
ByMichael Carolan

chapter 18|14 pages

Coffee micro-mills in Costa Rica

A non-cooperative path to regenerative agriculture?
ByMaria del Milagro Nuñez-Solis, Christopher Rosin, Nazmun Ratna

chapter 19|15 pages

Commons and commoning to build ecologically reparatory food systems

ByTomaso Ferrando

chapter 20|12 pages

Forging by foraging

The role of wild products in shaping new relations with nature
ByMikelis Grivins

chapter 21|15 pages

Social processes of sharing and collecting seeds as regenerative agricultural practices

ByArchana Patnaik, Joost Jongerden

chapter 22|14 pages

Enabling more regenerative agriculture, food, and nutrition in the Andes

The relational bio-power of “seeds”
ByPatricia Natividad, María Cristina Omonte Ferrufino, María Mayer de Scurrah, Stephen Sherwood

chapter 23|18 pages

Circular food economies

ByStefano Pascucci

chapter 24|14 pages

A digital “revolution” in agriculture?

Critically viewing digital innovations through a regenerative food systems lens
ByKelly Bronson

chapter 25|13 pages

From weekend farming to telephone farming

Digital food pathways in Africa
ByJoseph Macharia

chapter 26|13 pages

Rural–urban linkages

ByMichael Woods

chapter 27|12 pages

Planning regenerative working landscapes

ByCheryl Morse, Caitlin Morgan, Amy Trubek

chapter 28|18 pages

Urban food planning

A new frontier for city and regenerative food system builders
ByRositsa T. Ilieva

chapter 29|14 pages

Cradle to cradle

The role of food waste in a regenerative food system
ByTammara Soma

chapter 30|16 pages

Controversies around food security

Something difficult to swallow
ByAntonio A. R. Ioris