ABSTRACT

Drawing upon perspectives from across the globe and employing an interdisciplinary life course approach, this handbook explores the production and reproduction of different types of inequality across a variety of social contexts.

Inequalities are not static, easily measurable, and essentially quantifiable circumstances of life. They are processes which impact on individuals throughout the life course, interacting with each other, accumulating, attenuating, reproducing, or distorting themselves along the way. The chapters in this handbook examine various types of inequality, such as economic, gender, racial, and ethnic inequalities, and analyse how these inequalities manifest themselves within different aspects of society, including health, education, and the family, at multiple levels and dimensions. The handbook also tackles the global COVID-19 pandemic and its striking impact on the production and intensification of inequalities.

The interdisciplinary life course approach utilised in this handbook combines quantitative and qualitative methods to bridge the gap between theory and practice and offer strategies and principles for identifying and tackling issues of inequality. This book will be indispensable for students and researchers as well as activists and policy makers interested in understanding and eradicating the processes of production, reproduction, and perpetuation of inequalities.

part Section 1|49 pages

Inequalities as process

chapter 1|11 pages

Inequality across time

Social change, biography, and the life course
ByDale Dannefer, Chengming Han, Jiao Yu

chapter 2|12 pages

Poverty and economic insecurity in the life course

ByLeen Vandecasteele, Dario Spini, Nicolas Sommet, Felix Bühlmann

chapter 3|12 pages

Inequality as process

ByElisabetta Ruspini

chapter 4|11 pages

Life course inequality and policy

A focus on child well-being
ByGary Pollock, Jessica Ozan, Haridhan Goswami

part Section 2|60 pages

Assessing inequalities: complementary methods

chapter 5|9 pages

Studying social inequality over the life course in modern societies

The methodological importance of life course studies
ByGwendolin J. Blossfeld, Hans-Peter Blossfeld

chapter 6|18 pages

The analysis of inequality in life trajectories

An integration of two approaches
ByDanilo Bolano, André Berchtold

chapter 7|16 pages

Evolution of COVID-19 lethality and geographically contrasting socio-economic factors in Brazil

A multilevel perspective
ByJoseph F. Hair, Luiz Paulo Fávero, Rafael De Freitas Souza

chapter 8|14 pages

Health inequalities across the life course

Theories, statistical pitfalls, and the possible impact of the COVID-19 pandemic
ByFabian Kratz

part Section 3|61 pages

The social stratification of health

chapter 9|11 pages

Mental health inequalities

ByJane D. McLeod, Max E. Coleman

chapter 11|16 pages

Two centuries of inequalities

Disability and partnership in Sweden
ByLotta Vikström, Kateryna Karhina, Johan Junkka

chapter 12|20 pages

The Covid-19 pandemic

Inequalities and the life course
ByRichard A. Settersten, Laura Bernardi, Juho Härkönen, Toni C. Antonucci, Pearl A. Dykstra, Jutta Heckhausen, Diana Kuh, Karl Ulrich Mayer, Phyllis Moen, Jeylan T. Mortimer, Clara H. Mulder, Timothy M. Smeeding, Tanja Van Der Lippe, Gunhild O. Hagestad, Martin Kohli, René Levy, Ingrid Schoon, Elizabeth Thomson

part Section 4|49 pages

Economic and wealth inequalities

chapter 13|13 pages

Concepts of social stratification—static and dynamic perspectives

BySteffen Hillmert

chapter 15|9 pages

Stagnation and inequality in a historical view

A comment on Piketty's analysis of capitalism and the Portuguese case
ByFrancisco Louçã

chapter 16|14 pages

Things can't only get better

Inequality and democracy over a life-span
ByKevin Albertson, Richard Whittle

part Section 5|48 pages

Youth, education and transition to adulthood

chapter 17|14 pages

Expansion and improved permeability of post-secondary education in Germany

Consequences for social inequalities in educational attainment
ByNicole Tieben, Daniela Rohrbach-Schmidt

chapter 18|12 pages

Educational expansion across cohorts and over the life course

An international comparison of (rapid) educational expansion and the consequences of the differentiation of tertiary education
ByPia N. Blossfeld, Gwendolin J. Blossfeld, Hans-Peter Blossfeld

chapter 19|9 pages

Class in successive life courses in Britain since 1945

ByKen Roberts

chapter 20|10 pages

Mapping young Norwegians' self-projects and future orientations

ByIngunn Marie Eriksen, Kari Stefansen

part Section 6|52 pages

Family and linked lives

chapter 21|11 pages

Care inequality in later life in ageing societies

The unequal distribution of the intensity of informal support in Europe
ByMarco Albertini, Riccardo Prandini

chapter 22|15 pages

The apple, the tree and the forest

Family histories as radars of social mobility and inequalities
ByMagda Nico, Maria Gilvania Valdivino Silva

chapter 23|12 pages

Family formation and social inequalities

A life course perspective
ByStefano Cantalini

chapter 24|11 pages

Farewell's children

Using the life course perspective to understand female late fertility
ByRosalina Pisco Costa

part Section 7|48 pages

Gender inequalities

chapter 25|13 pages

The mutual constitution of gendered and sexualised inequalities in life courses

ByJosé Fernando Serrano-Amaya

chapter 26|11 pages

Gender trajectories and the production of inequalities from a life course perspective 1

BySofia Aboim, Pedro Vasconcelos

chapter 27|13 pages

Inequalities in work and the intersectional life course

ByPhyllis Moen, Mahala Miller

chapter 28|9 pages

LGBTIQ+ life course inequalities and queer temporalities

ByMaría do Mar Castro Varela, Yener Bayramog˘lu

part Section 8|51 pages

Racial and ethnic inequalities

chapter 29|10 pages

The centrality of race to inequality across the world-system

ByManuela Boatcă

chapter 30|11 pages

A life course approach to understanding ethnic health inequalities in later life

An example using the United Kingdom as national context
BySarah Stopforth, Laia Bécares, James Nazroo, Dharmi Kapadia

chapter 31|16 pages

The inequalities of empire

Comparative perspectives
ByCátia Antunes, Miguel Bandeira Jerónimo

chapter 32|12 pages

How the COVID-19 pandemic is shifting the migrant-inequality narrative

ByFerdinand C. Mukumbang