This book provides selections from the seminal works of Karl Marx, Max Weber, W.E.B. Du Bois, and Charlotte Perkins Gilman that reveal some of the reasons why class, race, and gender inequalities have proven very adaptive and can flourish even today in the 21st century.

chapter 1|7 pages

Poverty and Inequality in the 21st Century

ByDavid B. Grusky, Jasmine Hill

part 1|25 pages

The Classic Theory

chapter 2|8 pages

Classes in Capitalism and Pre-Capitalism

ByKarl Marx

chapter 3|8 pages

Class, Status, Party

ByMax Weber

chapter 4|3 pages

The Conservation of Races

ByW.E.B Du Bois

chapter 5|3 pages

Women and Economics

ByCharlotte Perkins Gilman

part 2|42 pages

The Great Takeoff in Income and Wealth Inequality

chapter 7|6 pages

Capital in the 21st Century

ByThomas Piketty

chapter 8|6 pages

The Race Between Education and Technology

ByClaudia Goldin, Lawrence F. Katz

chapter 9|3 pages

Why Is Income Inequality Growing?

ByRobert Frank

chapter 11|5 pages

Unions, Norms, and the Rise in U.S. Wage Inequality

ByBruce Western, Jake Rosenfeld

chapter 12|3 pages

(Some) Inequality Is Good for You

ByRichard B. Freeman

part 3|26 pages

The One Percent

chapter 13|9 pages

The Power Elite

ByC. Wright Mills

chapter 14|6 pages

The Future of Intellectuals and the Rise of the New Class

ByAlvin W. Gouldner

chapter 15|5 pages

Bobos in Paradise: The New Upper Class and How They Got There

ByDavid Brooks

chapter 16|3 pages

Privilege: The Making of an Adolescent Elite

ByShamus Khan

part 4|69 pages

Poverty and the Underclass

chapter 17|8 pages

Nickel and Dimed

ByBarbara Ehrenreich

chapter 18|6 pages

Low-Income Urban Fathers and the “Package Deal” of Family Life

ByKathryn Edin, Timothy Nelson, Joanna Miranda Reed

chapter 19|6 pages

The War on Poverty 1

BySheldon Danziger, Christopher Wimer

chapter 20|4 pages

The Rise of Extreme Poverty in the United States

ByH. Luke Shaefer, Kathryn Edin

chapter 21|3 pages

Poverty and Child Development

ByJack Shonkoff

chapter 22|9 pages

Being Poor, Black, and American

ByWilliam Julius Wilson

chapter 23|8 pages

American Apartheid: Segregation and the Making of the Underclass

ByDouglas S. Massey, Nancy A. Denton

chapter 24|4 pages

Community Well-Being and the Great Recession

ByAnn Owens, Robert J. Sampson

chapter 25|7 pages

The Legacy of Multigenerational Disadvantage

ByPatrick Sharkey, Felix Elwert

chapter 26|2 pages

Eviction and the Reproduction of Urban Poverty

ByMatthew Desmond

chapter 27|8 pages

Incarceration and Social Inequality

ByBruce Western, Becky Pettit

part 5|99 pages

Mobility and the American Dream

chapter 28|13 pages

The Widening Academic Achievement Gap Between the Rich and the Poor

BySean F. Reardon

chapter 29|10 pages

Nonpersistent Inequality in Educational Attainment

ByRichard Breen, Ruud Luijkx, Walter Müller, Reinhard Pollak

chapter 30|2 pages

Rationing College Opportunity

ByMichael Hout

chapter 31|6 pages

A New Social Psychological Model of Educational Attainment

ByStephen L. Morgan

chapter 32|1 pages

Academically Adrift

ByJosipa Roksa, Richard Arum

chapter 33|6 pages

Economic Mobility

ByRaj Chetty, Nathaniel Hendren, Patrick Kline, Emmanuel Saez

chapter 34|8 pages

Does College Still Have Equalizing Effects?

ByFlorencia Torche

chapter 35|3 pages

Paying for the Party

ByLaura Hamilton, Elizabeth A. Armstrong

chapter 37|12 pages

It’s a Decent Bet That Our Children Will Be Professors Too

ByJan O. Jonsson, David B. Grusky, Matthew Di Carlo, Reinhard Pollak

chapter 38|4 pages

The Strength of Weak Ties

ByMark S. Granovetter

chapter 39|7 pages

Networks, Race, and Hiring

ByRoberto M. Fernandez, Isabel Fernandez-Mateo

chapter 40|2 pages

The Great Risk Shift

ByJacob Hacker

chapter 41|6 pages

Little Labor: How Union Decline Is Changing the American Landscape

ByJake Rosenfeld

chapter 42|4 pages

Labor Market Shocks: Are There Lessons for Anti-Poverty Policy?

ByAnn Huff Stevens

part 6|69 pages

Race, Ethnicity, and Inequality

chapter 43|7 pages

Racial Formation in the United States

ByMichael Omi, Howard Winant

chapter 44|6 pages

The Dynamics of Racial Fluidity and Inequality

ByAliya Saperstein, Andrew M. Penner

chapter 45|10 pages

The New Second Generation: Segmented Assimilation and Its Variants

ByAlejandro Portes, Min Zhou

chapter 46|5 pages

Why Replenishment Strengthens Racial and Ethnic Boundaries

ByTomás R. Jiménez

chapter 49|4 pages

Stereotype Threat and African-American Student Achievement

ByClaude Steele

chapter 50|10 pages

The Declining Significance of Race: Blacks and Changing American Institutions

ByWilliam Julius Wilson

chapter 51|7 pages

How Do Latino Immigrants Fit into the Racial Order?

ByReanne Frank, Ilana Redstone Akresh, Bo Lu

chapter 53|3 pages

Tiger Kids and the Success Frame

ByJennifer Lee

part 7|79 pages

Gender, Sexuality, and Inequality

chapter 54|6 pages

The Social Construction of Gender

ByJudith Lorber

chapter 55|6 pages

Fag Discourse in a Post-Homophobic Era

ByC.J. Pascoe, Tristan Bridges

chapter 56|4 pages

The Time Bind: When Work Becomes Home and Home Becomes Work

ByArlie Russell Hochschild

chapter 57|8 pages

Opting Out?

ByChristine Percheski

chapter 58|9 pages

Why Is There Still So Much Gender Segregation?

ByAsaf Levanon, David B. Grusky

chapter 59|11 pages

Orchestrating Impartiality: The Impact of “Blind” Auditions on Female Musicians

ByClaudia Goldin, Cecilia Rouse

chapter 60|9 pages

Getting a Job: Is There a Motherhood Penalty?

ByShelley J. Correll, Stephen Benard, In Paik

chapter 61|2 pages

Why Race, Class, and Gender Matter

ByMargaret L. Andersen, Patricia Hill Collins

chapter 62|5 pages

Do Openly Gay Men Experience Employment Discrimination?

ByAndrás Tilcsik

chapter 63|10 pages

The Gender Revolution: Uneven and Stalled

ByPaula England

chapter 64|5 pages

The Persistence of Gender Inequality

ByCecilia Ridgeway

part 8|34 pages

How Inequality Spills Over

chapter 65|10 pages

Income Inequality and Income Segregation

BySean F. Reardon, Kendra Bischoff

chapter 66|8 pages

The Realignment of U.S. Presidential Voting

ByMichael Hout, Daniel Laurison

chapter 67|8 pages

Unequal Childhoods: Class, Race, and Family Life

ByAnnette Lareau

chapter 68|5 pages

The Fundamentals of Fundamental Causality

ByKaren Lutfey, Jeremy Freese

part 9|23 pages

Moving Toward Equality?

chapter 70|1 pages

Why Late Investments Can Work

ByCarol S. Dweck

chapter 71|4 pages


ByJoshua Cohen, Charles Sabel

chapter 72|3 pages

Reducing Poverty the Democratic Way

ByHarry J. Holzer

chapter 73|3 pages

Tackling the Managerial Power Problem: The Key to Improving Executive Compensation

ByLucian A. Bebchuk, Jesse M. Fried

chapter 74|5 pages

We Need to Have a Second Conversation

ByMichelle Jackson