This book explores the issue of energy poverty in post-communist Europe and shows how it is viewed and addressed through public policies.

Energy poverty is severely affecting many parts of the European Union, but up until now only a few comparative analyses have been developed to understand the phenomenon and its diversity throughout the region. Filling this gap, this volume focuses specifically on the Eastern European region, drawing on contributions that cover a wide range of countries including Germany, Hungary, Poland, and Romania. This region has undergone significant transitions over the past three decades, but, as the contributions demonstrate, it still faces major challenges to providing clean and affordable energy to its citizens and renovating existing housing stock. The chapters explore the extent of energy poverty in each country and examine the drivers, while casting light on how policy-makers tackle the issue through a critical examination of the instruments implemented to help energy poor people.

This book will be of great interest to researchers in the fields of energy policy and comparative politics, to policy-makers in post-communist countries and EU institutions, and also to other relevant actors, such as companies and NGOs who focus on issues of energy poverty.

This book is based upon work from EU COST Action ‘European Energy Poverty: Agenda Co-Creation and Knowledge Innovation’ (ENGAGER 2017–2021, CA16232) supported by COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology — www.cost.eu).

chapter 1|22 pages


Energy poverty and its drivers in post-communist Europe – the visible, the measurable, and the hidden
ByUte Dubois

part I|74 pages

Energy poverty and politics

chapter 2|30 pages

Trapped in politics

Energy poverty in Hungary
ByAnna Zsófia Bajomi, Nóra Feldmár, Lea Kőszeghy

chapter 3|22 pages

Inconsistencies in policy-making as drivers of energy poverty in Bulgaria

ByMaria Jeliazkova, Veneta Krasteva, Douhomir Minev

chapter 4|20 pages


The role of NGOs in the emergence of energy poverty as a policy issue
ByLidija Živčič, Tomislav Tkalec

part II|74 pages

Energy poverty, energy, and poverty

chapter 5|18 pages

Energy poverty in a subsistence-like economy

The case of North Macedonia
ByAna Stojilovska

chapter 6|22 pages

Energy poverty as heating poverty in Lithuania 1

ByLina Murauskaite

chapter 7|14 pages

Energy poverty between energy paradigms in Poland

ByJakub Sokołowski, Damian Zelewski, Joanna Stępień, Piotr Lewandowski

chapter 8|18 pages

On how to fix a sturdy energy poverty system in Romania

ByAnca Sinea

part III|58 pages

Regional variations of energy poverty

chapter 9|22 pages

Hidden energy poverty

The case of the Czech Republic
ByHedvika Koďousková, Lukáš Lehotský

chapter 10|11 pages

Divided we (still) stand?

Energy poverty in East and West Germany
ByPhilipp Biermann

chapter 11|16 pages

Regional disparities as roots of energy poverty in Slovakia

ByDušana Dokupilová, Richard Filčák

chapter 12|7 pages


Energy poverty as a threat to democracy in post-communist countries
ByGeorge Jiglau