This handbook presents a timely, broad-ranging, and provocative overview of the essential nature of ecotourism. The chapters will both advance the existing central themes of ecotourism and provide challenging and divergent observations that will thrust ecotourism into new areas of research, policy, and practice.

The volume is arranged around four key themes: sustainability, ethics and identity, change, conflict, and consumption, and environment and learning, with a total of 28 chapters. The first section focuses on sustainability as a core ecotourism criterion, with a primary focus on some of the macro sustainability issues that have an impact on ecotourism. Foremost among these topics is the linkage to the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals, which have relevance to ecotourism as one of the greenest or most responsible forms of tourism. The chapters in the second section provide a range of different topics that pull ecotourism research into new directions, including a chapter on enriching indigenous ecotourism through culturally sensitive universalism. The third section includes chapters on topics ranging from persons with disabilities as a neglected body of research in ecotourism, to ecotourism as a form of luxury consumption. The final section emphasises the link between ecotourism and learning about the natural world, including a deeply theoretical chapter on rewilding Europe. With contributions from authors around the world, this handbook gives a global platform to local voices, in both developed and emerging country contexts.

The multidisciplinary and international Routledge Handbook of Ecotourism will be of great interest to researchers, students, and practitioners working in tourism and sustainability.

chapter |6 pages


ByDavid A. Fennell

part Theme 1|84 pages


chapter 1|14 pages

Ecotourism and the sustainable development goals

ByAnna Spenceley, Andrew Rylance

chapter 2|14 pages

Ecotourism, regenerative tourism, and the circular economy

Emerging trends and ecotourism
ByJonathon Day, Sandra Sydnor, Maria Marshall, Steve Noakes

chapter 3|16 pages

Ecotourism and the trouble with transportation

ByStephen Schweinsberg, Simon Darcy

chapter 5|13 pages

Overtourism in Petra protected area

Tour guides' perspectives
ByAreej Shabib Aloudat

part Theme 2|109 pages

Ethics and identities

chapter 7|10 pages


Feeding care within the cracks of ecotourism
ByKellee Caton, Chris E. Hurst, Bryan S.R. Grimwood

chapter 8|14 pages

Ecotourism development through culturally sensitive universalism

ByJohn B. Read, Bryan S. R. Grimwood

chapter 9|15 pages

Wolf ecotourism

A posthumanist approach to wildlife ecotourism
ByBastian Thomsen

chapter 10|12 pages

Indigenous ecotourism in Canada

BySonya Graci

chapter 11|13 pages

The connection between nature and Sámi identity

The role of ecotourism
ByCecilia De Bernardi

chapter 12|14 pages

The role of the visitor in stewardship and volunteering in tourism

ByJames Malitoni Chilembwe

chapter 13|15 pages

Ecotourism impact on livelihoods and wellbeing

ByIan E. Munanura, Edwin Sabuhoro

chapter 14|14 pages

Female entrepreneurship and ecotourism

ByIge Pirnar

part Theme 3|88 pages

Change, conflict, and consumption

chapter 16|15 pages

Ecotourism and climate change

ByJonathon Day, Steve Noakes

chapter 17|10 pages

Animals caught in the crossfire

Humanitarian efforts and responsible tourism opportunities
ByNicholas Wise

chapter 18|13 pages


The convergence of localism and way of life
ByJoe Pavelka

chapter 19|8 pages


How it augments ecotourists' experiential satisfaction during ecotrips and after (in social media aided virtual settings)
BySudipta Kiran Sarkar

chapter 20|17 pages

Vietnamese ecotourists

Ecotourists from an unconventional market
ByHuong H. Do, David Weaver, Laura Lawton

chapter 21|10 pages

Ecotourism as form of luxury consumption

BySerena Volo, David D’Acunto

part Theme 4|109 pages

Environment and learning

chapter 22|15 pages

Ecotourism and theories of learning/education

ByManuel Ramón González-Herrera, Silvia Giralt-Escobar

chapter 24|14 pages

Will work for food

Positioning animals in ecotourism
ByGeorgette Leah Burns

chapter 25|13 pages

Biodiversity conservation through an agroecotourism project

The case of Ovacık Village, Turkey
ByBurcin Kalabay Hatipoglu, Fatma Cam Denizci, Tümay Imamoğlu

chapter 26|13 pages

Ecotourism and Rewilding Europe

ByNils Lindahl Elliot

chapter 27|15 pages

The role of ecotourism in nature needs half vision

ByHelen Kopnina

chapter 28|26 pages

Ecotourism for conservation?

ByAmanda L. Stronza, Carter A. Hunt, Lee A. Fitzgerald