The American Council of the Blind (ACB) Recipient of the 2022 Dr. Margaret Pfanstiehl Audio Description Achievement Award for Research and Development

This Handbook provides a comprehensive overview of the expanding field of audio description, the practice of rendering the visual elements of a multimodal product such as a film, painting, or live performance in the spoken mode, for the benefit principally of the blind and visually impaired community. This volume brings together scholars, researchers, practitioners and service providers, such as broadcasters from all over the world, to cover as thoroughly as possible all the theoretical and practical aspects of this discipline.

In 38 chapters, the expert authors chart how the discipline has become established both as an important professional service and as a valid academic subject, how it has evolved and how it has come to play such an important role in media accessibility. From the early history of the subject through to the challenges represented by ever-changing technology, the Handbook covers the approaches and methodologies adopted to analyse the “multimodal” text in the constant search for the optimum selection of the elements to describe.

This is the essential guide and companion for advanced students, researchers and audio description professionals within the more general spheres of translation studies and media accessibility.

chapter |9 pages


ByChristopher Taylor, Elisa Perego

part One|44 pages

Accessibility and blindness

chapter 1|14 pages

The question of accessibility

ByGian Maria Greco

chapter 2|11 pages

Access services for the blind and partially sighted

A social and legal framework for the promotion of audio description
ByJoan Bestard-Bou, Blanca Arias-Badia

chapter 3|17 pages

A profile of audio description end-users

Linguistic needs and inclusivity
ByElisa Perego, Christopher Taylor

part Two|88 pages

A theoretical overview

chapter 4|21 pages

A cognitive approach to audio description

Production and reception processes
ByJana Holsanova

chapter 5|15 pages

Narratology and/in audio description

ByGert Vercauteren

chapter 6|14 pages

Linguistic and textual aspects of audio description

ByIwona Mazur

chapter 7|20 pages

Audio description and culture-specific elements

ByAnna Jankowska

chapter 8|16 pages

“Ut pictura poesis”

The rendering of an aesthetic artistic image in form and content
ByLoretta Secchi

part Three|120 pages

Audio description sectors

chapter 9|23 pages

Audio description for the theatre

A research-based practice
ByAline Remael, Nina Reviers

chapter 10|15 pages

Opera and dance audio description

ByJoel Snyder, Esther Geiger

chapter 11|17 pages

Audio description for the screen

ByMaría Joaquina Valero Gisbert

chapter 12|15 pages

Museum audio description

The role of ADLAB PRO
ByChristopher Taylor, Elisa Perego

chapter 13|17 pages

Audio description in museums

A service provider perspective
ByAnna Fineman, Matthew Cock

chapter 14|14 pages

Visitor studies

Interdisciplinary methods for understanding the impact of inclusive museum audio description experiences
ByRachel Hutchinson, Alison F. Eardley

chapter 15|17 pages

Audio describing churches

In search of a template
ByRalph Pacinotti

part Four|65 pages


chapter 16|15 pages

The audio description professional

A sociological overview and new training perspectives
ByElisa Perego

chapter 17|15 pages

Audio description

A public broadcaster's core business and headache
ByGunter Saerens, Tine Deboosere, Jan-Willem Van Hoof

chapter 18|17 pages

Profiling audio description service providers

A questionnaire-based snapshot
ByIrene Hermosa-Ramírez

chapter 19|16 pages

Research in audio description 1

ByNazaret Fresno

part Five|91 pages

Innovation and technology

chapter 20|22 pages

Audio description software tools

ByVincenza Minutella

chapter 21|12 pages

Receptor tools

ByWojciech Figiel, Kamila Albin

chapter 22|12 pages

Artificial voices

ByAgnieszka Walczak, Gonzalo Iturregui-Gallardo

chapter 23|14 pages

Video games and audio description

ByCarme Mangiron, Xiaochun Zhang

chapter 24|16 pages

Automating audio description

BySabine Braun, Kim Starr

chapter 25|13 pages

Audio description personalisation

ByPilar Orero

part Six|73 pages


chapter 26|11 pages

Audio introductions

ByPablo Romero-Fresco

chapter 27|13 pages

Audio subtitling

ByAnna Matamala

chapter 28|13 pages

Audio description translation

A retrospective
ByEstella Oncins

chapter 29|16 pages

Audio description translation

A pilot study in Chinese/Spanish
ByYuchen Liu, Irene Tor-Carroggio

chapter 30|18 pages

Audio description for the non-blind

ByKim Starr

part Seven|33 pages


chapter 31|13 pages

University training

ByAgnieszka Chmiel

chapter 32|18 pages

In-house training

The course at Bayerischer Rundfunk
ByBernd Benecke

part Eight|105 pages

National case studies

chapter 33|13 pages

Audio description in the United States

ByJoel Snyder

chapter 34|16 pages

Audio description in Canada

ByRebecca Singh

chapter 35|19 pages

Audio description in Australia

ByKaren Seeley

chapter 36|17 pages

Audio description in Russia 1

ByIvan Borshchevsky, Alexey Kozulyaev

chapter 37|17 pages

Audio description in Brazil

ByEliana Franco, Vera Lúcia Santiago Araújo

chapter 38|21 pages

Audio description in Slovenia

ByMateja Vodeb, Veronika Rot