This second edition of the award-winning original text brings together in one volume the current thinking and conceptualizations on dissociation and the dissociative disorders. Comprised of ten parts, starting with historical and conceptual issues, and ending with considerations for the present and future, internationally renowned authors in the trauma and dissociation fields explore different facets of dissociation in pathological and non-clinical guises. This book is designed to be the most comprehensive reference book in the dissociation field and aims to provide a scholarly foundation for understanding dissociation, dissociative disorders, current issues and perspectives within the field, theoretical formulations, and empirical findings. Chapters have been thoroughly updated to include recent developments in the field, including: the complex nature of conceptualization, etiology, and neurobiology; the various manifestations of dissociation in clinical and non-clinical forms; and different perspectives on how dissociation should be understood.

This book is essential for clinicians, researchers, theoreticians, students of clinical psychology psychiatry, and psychotherapy, and those with an interest or curiosity in dissociation in the various ways it can be conceived and studied.

chapter |10 pages


ByMartin J. Dorahy, Steven N. Gold

part 1|135 pages

Historical and Conceptual Issues

chapter 1|26 pages

History of the Concept of Dissociation

ByOnno van der Hart, Martin J. Dorahy

chapter 2|11 pages

The Conceptual Unity of Dissociation

A Philosophical Argument
ByStephen E. Braude

chapter 3|16 pages

The Traumatic Disintegration Dimension

ByBenedetto Farina, Russell Meares

chapter 4|15 pages

Dissociation Versus Alterations in Consciousness

Related but Different Concepts
ByKathy Steele, Martin J. Dorahy, Onno van der Hart

chapter 5|12 pages

The Case for the Study of “Normal” Dissociation Processes

ByConstance J. Dalenberg, Rachel R. Katz, Kenneth J. Thompson, Kelsey Paulson

chapter 6|5 pages

Dissociation and Resilience

ByPaula Thomson

chapter 7|13 pages

Adaptive Dissociation

A Response to Interpersonal, Institutional, and Cultural Betrayal
ByAlexis A. Adams-Clark, Jennifer M. Gómez, M. Rose Barlow

chapter 8|35 pages

Dissociative Multiplicity and Psychoanalysis

ByJohn A. O’Neil

part 2|114 pages

Etiological and Developmental Considerations

chapter 9|12 pages

A Developmental Pathways Model of Dissociation

ByLinnea B. Linde-Krieger, Tuppett M. Yates, Elizabeth A. Carlson

chapter 10|16 pages

The Relationship Between Attachment and Dissociation

Theory, Research, and Clinical Implications
ByAdriano Schimmenti

chapter 11|32 pages

Attachment Trauma and the Developing Right Brain

Origins of Pathological Dissociation and Some Implications for Psychotherapy
ByAllan N. Schore

chapter 12|14 pages

Adverse Childhood Experiences and Dissociative Disorders

A Causal Pathway Based on the Disruptive Impacts of Cumulative Childhood Adversity and Distress-Related Dissociation
ByMichael A. Quiñones

chapter 13|15 pages

Beyond Death: Enduring Incest

The Fusion of Father with Daughter
ByWarwick Middleton

chapter 14|23 pages

Clarifying the Etiology of the Dissociative Disorders

It's Not All About Trauma
ByPaul F. Dell

part 3|91 pages

Theoretical Approaches

chapter 15|18 pages

The Theory of Trauma-related Structural Dissociation of the Personality

ByOnno van der Hart, Kathy Steele

chapter 16|16 pages

Discrete Behavioral States Theory

ByRichard J. Loewenstein, Frank W. Putnam

chapter 17|17 pages

The Perceptual Theory of Dissociation

ByDonald B. Beere

chapter 18|13 pages

Contextual Dissociation Theory

The Dual Impact of Trauma and Developmental Deprivation
BySteven N. Gold

chapter 19|14 pages

The Four-Dimensional (4-D) Model as a Framework for Understanding Trauma-Related Dissociation

ByPaul Frewen, Serena Wong, Ruth A. Lanius

chapter 20|11 pages

Dissociation and Unformulated Experience

A Psychoanalytic Model of Mind
ByDonnel B. Stern

part 4|95 pages

The Dissociative Disorders

chapter 21|20 pages

Dissociation in the ICDs and DSMs

ByJohn A. O’Neil

chapter 22|5 pages

Dissociative Amnesia and Dissociative Fugue

ByColin A. Ross

chapter 23|12 pages

Depersonalization/Derealization Disorder

ByMatthias Michal

chapter 24|17 pages

A Grounded Theory of Dissociative Identity Disorder

Placing DID in Mind, Brain, and Body
ByLauren A. M. Lebois, Chloe S. Kaplan, Cori A. Palermo, Xi Pan, Milissa L. Kaufman

chapter 25|12 pages

Psychotic Presentations of Dissociative Disorders

ByVedat Şar

chapter 26|12 pages

The Other in the Self

Possession, Trance, and Related Phenomena 1
ByEtzel Cardeña, Yvonne Schaffler, Marjolein van Duijl

chapter 27|15 pages

Dissociative Disorders in Children and Adolescents

ByJoyanna Silberg, Stephanie Dallam

part 5|135 pages

Dissociation as a Transdiagnostic Process

chapter 28|14 pages

Peritraumatic Dissociation and Chronic Posttraumatic Symptomatology

Thirty Years and Counting
ByEtzel Cardeña, Catherine C. Classen

chapter 29|16 pages

Dissociation and Trauma

Clinical and Research Intersections in PTSD
ByOlga Winkler, Lisa Burback, Suzette Brémault-Phillips, Eric Vermetten

chapter 30|13 pages

Complex PTSD and Emotion Dysregulation

The Role of Dissociation
ByJulian D. Ford

chapter 32|15 pages

The Nature of Psychotic Symptoms

Traumatic in Origin and Dissociative in Kind?
ByAndrew Moskowitz, Eleanor Longden, Filippo Varese, Dolores Mosquera, John Read

chapter 33|19 pages

Somatoform Dissociation, Agency, and Consciousness

ByEllert R. S. Nijenhuis

chapter 34|17 pages

Maladaptive Daydreaming is a Dissociative Disorder

Supporting Evidence and Theory
ByNirit Soffer-Dudek, Eli Somer

chapter 35|9 pages

Opioid Misuse and Dissociation

Two Powerful Modes of Distress Regulation
ByEli Somer

chapter 36|11 pages

Dissociative Factors Contributing to Violence and Antisocial Orientations

ByRichard A. Hohfeler

part 6|74 pages

Neurobiological and Cognitive Understandings of Dissociation

chapter 37|15 pages

The Defense Cascade, Traumatic Dissociation and the Self

A Neuroscientific Model
ByFrank M. Corrigan, Ulrich F. Lanius, Brenna Kaschor

chapter 38|32 pages

Towards an Ecology of Dissociation in the Context of Trauma

Implications for the Psychobiological Study of Dissociative Disorders
ByEllert R. S. Nijenhuis

chapter 39|9 pages

The Neurobiology of Dissociation in Chronic PTSD

ByFrancesca L. Schiavone, Ruth A. Lanius

chapter 40|16 pages

Subjective Amnesia in Dissociative Identity Disorder

A Dual Path Model Drawing on Metacognitive Beliefs Related to Self and Memory Functioning
ByMartin J. Dorahy

part 7|25 pages

Assessment and Measurement

chapter 41|12 pages

Diagnosing the Dissociative Disorders: Conceptual, Theoretical, and Practical Considerations

ByD. Michael Coy, Jennifer A. Madere

chapter 42|11 pages

True Drama or True Trauma?

Forensic Trauma Assessment and the Challenge of Detecting Malingering
ByBethany L. Brand, Laura S. Brown

part 8|61 pages

Treatment Considerations and Conceptualizations

chapter 43|26 pages

Encountering the Singularities of Multiplicity

Meeting and Treating the Unique Person
ByRichard P. Kluft

chapter 44|15 pages

Controversies in the Treatment of Traumatic Dissociation

The Phased Model, ‘Exposure,’ and the Challenges of Therapy for Complex Trauma
ByPam Stavropoulos, David Elliott

chapter 45|18 pages

The Unconscionable in the Unconscious

The Evolution of Relationality in the Conceptualization of the Treatment of Trauma and Dissociation
ByElizabeth F. Howell, Sheldon Itzkowitz

part 9|43 pages

Treatment Challenges and Therapist Considerations

chapter 46|21 pages

Memory, Trauma and the Therapeutic Encounter

BySylvia Solinski

part 10|25 pages

The Future

chapter 48|18 pages

A Research Agenda for the Dissociative Disorders Field

ByVedat Şar, Colin A. Ross

chapter 49|5 pages

Integrating Dissociation

ByDavid Spiegel