The Language and Literature Reader is an invaluable resource for students of English literature, language, and linguistics. Bringing together the most significant work in the field with integrated editorial material, this Reader is a structured and accessible tool for the student and scholar.

Divided into three sections, Foundations, Developments and New Directions, the Reader provides an overview of the discipline from the early stages in the 1960s and 70s, through the new theories and practices of the 1980s and 90s, to the most recent and contemporary work in the field. Each article contains a brief introduction by the editors situating it in the context of developing work in the discipline and glossing it in terms of the section and of the book as a whole. The final section concludes with a ‘history and manifesto’, written by the editors, which places developments in the area of stylistics within a brief history of the field and offers a polemical perspective on the future of a growing and influential discipline.

part Part One|82 pages


chapter Chapter 1|11 pages

Taking a poem to pieces

ByJohn Sinclair

chapter Chapter 2|5 pages


ByDavid Lodge

chapter Chapter 4|10 pages

On the deviance of literary discourse

ByHenry Widdowson

chapter Chapter 5|10 pages

Language, linguistics and literary analysis

ByElizabeth Closs Traugott, Mary Louise Pratt

chapter Chapter 6|11 pages

Linguistic criticism

ByRoger Fowler

chapter Chapter 7|10 pages


ByGeoffrey Leech

chapter Chapter 8|13 pages

Discourse analysis and drama

ByMick Short

part Part Two|92 pages


chapter Chapter 9|11 pages

Poem, reader, response: making sense with Skunk Hour

ByMichael Toolan

chapter Chapter 10|13 pages

Style and interpretation in Hemingway's ‘Cat in the Rain’

ByRonald Carter

chapter Chapter 11|9 pages

Changing the guard at Elsinore

ByWalter Nash

chapter Chapter 12|9 pages

But what is literature? Toward a descriptive definition of literature

ByWillie Van Peer

chapter Chapter 13|10 pages

Deixis and the poetic persona

ByKeith Green

chapter Chapter 14|10 pages

Bakhtin, addressivity, and the poetics of objectivity

ByAlison Tate

chapter Chapter 15|8 pages

Teach yourself 'rhetoric': an analysis of Philip Larkin's 'Church Going'

ByKatie Wales

chapter Chapter 16|12 pages

‘World enough, and time’: deictic space and the interpretation of prose

ByPaul Werth

part Part Three|113 pages

New directions

chapter Chapter 20|11 pages

(Sur)real stylistics: from text to contextualizing

ByPeter Stockwell

chapter Chapter 21|10 pages

Feeling moved by metaphor

ByRaymond W. Gibbs

chapter Chapter 23|14 pages

Conrad in the computer: examples of quantitative stylistic methods

ByMichael Stubbs

chapter Chapter 26|10 pages

A cognitive stylistic approach to mind style in narrative fiction

ByElena Semino

chapter Chapter 27|10 pages

Connectives in free indirect style: continuity or shift?

ByVioleta Sotirova

part Part Four|14 pages


chapter Chapter 28|12 pages

Stylistics: retrospect and prospect

ByRonald Carter, Peter Stockwell