This collection of essays examines the construction of gender norms in early modern and modern Germany.; The modes of reinforcement by the state, the church, the law and marriage, and the resistance to these norms by individuals, are central to each of the contributions.; It examines discourses of the body and sexuality and the relations between gender and power. Similarly, the usefulness of the "public/private paradigm" familiar to gender historians is further challenged.

chapter Chapter One|37 pages

Introduction: gender relations in German history

ByLynn Abrams, Elizabeth Harvey

chapter Chapter Two|18 pages

Gender norms and their enforcement in early modern Germany

ByHeide Wunder

chapter Chapter Three|23 pages

The public body: policing abortion in early modern Germany

ByUlinka Rublack

chapter Chapter Four|19 pages

Religious dissent and the roots of German feminism

ByDagmar Herzog

chapter Chapter Six|21 pages

The sick warrior’s sister: nursing during the First World War

ByRegina Schulte

chapter Chapter Seven|34 pages

Wise women, wise men and abortion in the Weimar Republic: gender, class and medicine

ByCornelie Usborne

chapter Chapter Eight|11 pages

National Socialist policies towards female homosexuality

ByClaudia Schoppmann

chapter Chapter Nine|22 pages

Driving the message home: Nazi propaganda in the private sphere

ByKate Lacey