Ethnography has a long history in the humanities and social sciences and has provided the base line in the field of police studies for over sixty years. We have recently witnessed a resurgence in ethnographic practice amongst police scholars and this Handbook is a response to that revival. Students and academics are returning to the ethnography arena and the study of police in situ to explain the evocative worlds of the police. The list of ethnographic sites is vast and have all fed the rejuvenation of ethnographic endeavour. Together they suggest innovation, theoretical depth, broad geographical boundaries, multi-site experiments and multi-disciplinarity; all of which are central to the exploration of police and policing in the 21st century.
This Handbook encapsulates the revival of police ethnography by exploring its multidisciplinary field and cataloguing the ongoing ethnographic work. It offers an original and international contribution to the field of police studies and research methods, providing a comprehensive and overarching guide to police ethnography. We see the previous classics in every page and note still the influence of the early ethnographers. At the same time, we see the innovative breadth and diversity of these narratives. The aim of this Handbook is to highlight the mosaic that is police ethnography at a point in time and note with pleasure its contribution to the field once more. Ethnography may be messy, difficult and at times uncooperative, but its results offer a unique insight into the perspectives of people and organisations that can hide in plain sight.
An accessible and compelling read, this Handbook will provide a sound and essential reference source for academics, researchers, students and practitioners engaged in police and criminal justice studies.
SECTION ONE: MAPPING THE FIELD: HISTORIES, THEORIES AND CONTROVERSIES 1.The Revival of Police Ethnography: Taking the road less travelled Jenny Fleming and Sarah Charman 2.Police Ethnography: The Classic Era Tim Newburn 3.What is ethnography? Methods, sensibility and product Megan O’Neill, Merlijn van Hulst and Guido Noteboom 4.When is ethnography, ‘real ethnography’? Jenny Fleming and Rod Rhodes 5.Ethnography and the evidenced-informed police practitioner Nigel Fielding 6.Untold stories of police ethnography Anna Souhami 7.Philosophical Anthropology and the Premises of Research about the Police Simon Holdaway and Sarah Charman SECTION TWO: ACCESS AND ETHICS 8.Staying Cool in a Hot Spot: Epistemology, Ethics, and Politics in Police Ethnography Jeffrey T. Martin and Austin D. Hoffman 9..White writing black and blue: Who are our ethnographies for? Andrew Faull 10.A collaborator? Ethnographic issues of police and peer suspicion David Sausdal 11.Outsiders inside: An accidental ethnography of policing in Brazil Viviane de O Cubas, Renato Alves and Roxanna Pessoa Cavalcanti 12.Access to Police Organisations Peter K. Manning 13.Reflections on trust and acceptance in ethnographic studies of policing: the importance of police role conception Frederick Cram 14.Policed Ethnography: Ethical and Practical Considerations Arising from Observations of Public Order Policing in Crowd Situations Geoff Pearson and Charmian Werren 15.Deception, situated ethics and police ethnography David Calvey 16.ACCESS NO AREAS? Breaching the world of armed policing Oliver Clark-Darby 17.Access Denied: Navigating Access during Ethnographic Fieldwork on Police Reform in Kenya Tessa Diphoorn 18.Leaving The Notebook Behind: Discussing the methodological implications of obtaining access to the Mexico City municipal police Emilio Garciadiego-Ruiz SECTION THREE: ETHNOGRAPHIC PRACTICE 19.Staging the Racial Optics of Police Vision: The Violent Rehearsal of Traffic Stops Christina Aushana 20.Why positive experiences matter: Appreciative Inquiry in ethnography for understanding and transforming policing Melissa Jardine and Auke van Dijk 21.Critical ethnography and the study of policing from ‘the other side' Will Jackson 22.Police ethnography, extraction, and abolition Beatrice Jauregui 23.Police ethnography in exceptional circumstances Matthew Bacon 24.Autoethnography: Analysing the world of policing from within Rafe McGregor 25.Lurking with Paedophile Hunters: Understanding Virtual Ethnography and its Benefits for Policing Research Andy Williams 26.Appreciative ethnography: ‘coming from a position of strength’ Corinne Funnell and Paul Atkinson 27.Reflections on the Parallel Practices of Police Ethnographers and Covert Police Bethan Loftus, Benjamin Goold and Shane Mac Giollabhui 28.Exploring emotionality in ethnographic encounters: Confessions from fieldwork on policing in Pakistan Zoha Waseem SECTION FOUR: WIDENING THE ETHNOGRAPHIC LENS 29.The city as a medium of future policing Maya Mynster Christensen and Peter Albrecht 30.Security and Policing Shadows: Pendular Ethnography in Urban Brazil Susana Durão, Paola Argentin 31.Going Nodal: Multi-sited Policing Ethnography Jarrett Blaustein, Tariro Mutongwizo and Clifford Shearing 32.Policing and categories of difference Jan Beek 33.Narratives as Plausibility Structures: it’s stories, all the way down Mike Rowe, Elizabeth Turner and Scarlett Redman 34.Police Ethnography and Human Agency Sam O’Brien-Olinger 35.Governmentality studies and police ethnography: Unpacking the complexities of contemporary policing practices Tobias Kammersgaard and Esben Houborg 36.Tying ethnography down: Linguistic approaches to investigating community policing Piotr Węgorowski 37.Blow Up: Ethnography as Exposure Didier Fassin 38.The Public Ethnography of Policing: A Never-Ending Story Paul Mutsaers 39."How Police Ethnography Can Save the World" David D. Perlmutter