Ethnography has a long history in the humanities and social sciences and has provided the base line in the field of police studies for over 60 years. We have recently witnessed a resurgence in ethnographic practice among police scholars, and this Handbook is a response to that revival. Students and academics are returning to the ethnography arena and the study of police in situ to explain the evocative worlds of the police. The list of ethnographic sites is vast and all have fed the rejuvenation of ethnographic endeavour. Together they suggest innovation, theoretical depth, broad geographical boundaries, multi-site experiments, and multi-disciplinarity, all of which are central to the exploration of police and policing in the twenty-first century.

This Handbook encapsulates the revival of police ethnography by exploring its multidisciplinary field and cataloguing the ongoing ethnographic work. It offers an original and international contribution to the field of police studies and research methods, providing a comprehensive and overarching guide to police ethnography. We see the previous classics in every page and still note the influence of the early ethnographers. At the same time, we see the innovative breadth and diversity of these narratives. The aim of this Handbook is to highlight the mosaic that is police ethnography at a point in time and note with pleasure its contribution to the field once more. Ethnography may be messy, difficult, and at times uncooperative, but its results offer a unique insight into the perspectives of people and organisations that can hide in plain sight.

An accessible and compelling read, this Handbook will provide a sound and essential reference source for academics, researchers, students, and practitioners engaged in police and criminal justice studies.

section Section One|114 pages

Mapping the field: histories, theories, and controversies

chapter 1|10 pages

The revival of police ethnography 1

Taking the road less travelled
ByJenny Fleming, Sarah Charman

chapter 2|21 pages

Police ethnography

The classic era
ByTim Newburn

chapter 3|19 pages

What is ethnography? Methods, sensibility, and product

ByMegan O’Neill, Merlijn van Hulst, Guido Noteboom

chapter 4|18 pages

When is ethnography ‘real ethnography’?

ByJenny Fleming, R. A. W. Rhodes

chapter 5|17 pages

Ethnography and the evidence-informed police practitioner

ByNigel Fielding

chapter 6|18 pages

Untold stories of police ethnography

ByAnna Souhami

chapter 7|9 pages

Philosophical anthropology and the premises of research about the police

BySimon Holdaway, Sarah Charman

section Section Two|184 pages

Access and ethics

chapter 8|17 pages

Staying cool in a hot spot

Epistemology, ethics, and politics in police ethnography
ByJeffrey T. Martin, Austin D. Hoffman

chapter 9|13 pages

White writing black and blue

Who are our ethnographies for?
ByAndrew Faull

chapter 10|19 pages

A collaborator? Ethnographic issues of police and peer suspicion

ByDavid Sausdal

chapter 11|18 pages

Outsiders inside

An accidental ethnography of policing in Brazil
ByViviane de Oliveira Cubas, Renato Alves, Roxana Pessoa Cavalcanti

chapter 12|15 pages

Access to police organizations

ByPeter K. Manning

chapter 13|17 pages

Reflections on trust and acceptance in ethnographic studies of policing

The importance of police role conception
ByFrederick Cram

chapter 14|15 pages

Policed ethnography

Ethical and practical considerations arising from observations of public order policing in crowd situations
ByGeoff Pearson, Charmian Werren

chapter 15|17 pages

Deception, situated ethics, and police ethnography

ByDavid Calvey

chapter 16|18 pages

Access no areas? Breaching the world of armed policing

ByOliver Clark-Darby

chapter 17|16 pages

Access denied

Navigating access during ethnographic fieldwork on police reform in Kenya
ByTessa Diphoorn

chapter 18|17 pages

Leaving the notepad behind

Discussing the methodological implications of obtaining ethnographic access to the Mexico City municipal police
ByEmilio Garciadiego-Ruiz

section Section Three|179 pages

Ethnographic practice

chapter 19|18 pages

Staging the racial optics of police vision

The violent rehearsal of traffic stops
ByChristina Aushana

chapter 20|16 pages

Why do positive experiences matter?

Appreciative inquiry in ethnography for understanding and transforming policing
ByMelissa Jardine, Auke J. van Dijk

chapter 22|20 pages

Police ethnography, extraction, and abolition

ByBeatrice Jauregui

chapter 23|18 pages

Police ethnography in exceptional circumstances

ByMatthew Bacon

chapter 24|15 pages


Analysing the world of policing from within
ByRafe McGregor

chapter 25|18 pages

Lurking with paedophile hunters

Understanding virtual ethnography and its benefits for policing research
ByAndy Williams

chapter 26|16 pages

Appreciative ethnography

‘Coming from a position of strength’
ByCorinne Funnell, Paul Atkinson

chapter 27|21 pages

Reflections on the parallel practices of police ethnographers and covert police

ByBethan Loftus, Benjamin Goold, Shane Mac Giollabhui

chapter 28|17 pages

Exploring emotionality in ethnographic encounters

Confessions from fieldwork on policing in Pakistan
ByZoha Waseem

section Section Four|176 pages

Widening the ethnographic lens

chapter 29|12 pages

The city as a medium of future policing

ByMaya Mynster Christensen, Peter Albrecht

chapter 30|21 pages

Security and policing shadows

Pendular ethnography in urban Brazil
BySusana Durão, Paola Argentin

chapter 31|16 pages

Going nodal

Multi-sited policing ethnography
ByJarrett Blaustein, Tariro Mutongwizo, Clifford Shearing

chapter 32|13 pages

Policing and categories of difference

ByJan Beek

chapter 33|13 pages

Narratives as plausibility structures

It's stories, all the way down
ByMike Rowe, Elizabeth Turner, Scarlett Redman

chapter 34|26 pages

Police ethnography and human agency

BySam O’Brien-Olinger

chapter 35|14 pages

Governmentality studies and police ethnography

Unpacking the complexities of contemporary policing practices 1
ByTobias Kammersgaard, Esben Houborg

chapter 36|14 pages

Tying ethnography down

Linguistic approaches to investigating community policing
ByPiotr Węgorowski

chapter 37|16 pages

Blow up

Ethnography as exposure
ByDidier Fassin

chapter 38|16 pages

The public ethnography of policing

A never-ending story
ByPaul Mutsaers

chapter 39|13 pages

Can police ethnography save the world?

ByDavid D. Perlmutter