Open internationalization is a concept that brings a new perspective on the process of firm internationalization. As theories of internationalization show, some companies expand abroad only on their own, known as closed internationalization, while others combine their resources with those of other firms or use their networks for facilitating foreign implantation, known as open internationalization. Parallel to the development of the well-known concept of open innovation, open internationalization can be conceived as a meta-model for understanding companies’ expansion abroad.

This book gathers a selection of contemporary research works dedicated to open internationalization, either seen as a way to analyze expansion in foreign countries, or as a way to investigate the management of geographically dispersed activities. All the authors of the chapters are researchers specialized in the internationalization field. Readers will benefit from this new lens for understanding, studying or practising international business, from the decision to go abroad to its implementation and its efficiency.

Open Internationalization Strategy includes both academic empirical investigations and literature reviews on specific topics, making it valuable to researchers, academics, managers, and students in the fields of business and management history, international business, organizational studies, and economics.

chapter |4 pages


part 1|123 pages

Culture and Its Requirements

chapter 3|27 pages

The Making of an Innovation

Disentangling Cultural Diversity and Power Relations

chapter 4|19 pages

The Introduction of the English Language in an Italian Multinational Company

A Response to Constraints Caused by Rapid Internationalization

part 2|83 pages

Partnerships and Open Internationalization

chapter 8|17 pages

The Role of Proximities in the Development of Wine Tourism Practices

The Cases of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur Region and South Australia

chapter 9|16 pages

The International Dynamics of Competitive Clusters

Different Insights and Perspectives (2005–2015)

part 3|109 pages

Seeking International Efficiency

chapter 10|25 pages

Coordination and Control of Multinational Companies

A Literature Review

chapter 12|21 pages

For a Critical Approach to Corporate Social Responsibility in Africa

The Case of the Gold Mining Sector

chapter 13|19 pages

Reopening of Stock Markets and Efficiency

The case of Central and Eastern Europe

chapter 14|25 pages

Facing the Innovation–Export Paradox

Lessons From Innovative SMEs Operating in Small Domestic Markets

chapter |1 pages