This book marks an exciting convergence towards the idea that human culture and cognition are rooted in the character of human social interaction, which is unique in the animal kingdom. Roots of Human Sociality attempts for the first time to explore the underlying properties of social interaction viewed from across many disciplines, and examines their origins in infant development and in human evolution. Are interaction patterns in adulthood affected by cultural differences in childhood upbringing? Apes, unlike human infants of only 12 months, fail to understand pointing and the intention behind it. Nevertheless apes can imitate and analyze complex behavior - how do they do it? Deaf children brought up by speaking parents invent their own languages. How might adults deprived of a fully organized language communicate?This book makes the case that the study of these sorts of phenomenon holds the key to understanding the foundations of human social life. The conclusion: our unique brand of social interaction is at the root of what makes us human.

chapter |35 pages

Introduction: Human Sociality as a New Interdisciplinary Field

ByN. J. Enfield, Stephen C. Levinson

part Part 1|114 pages

Properties of Human Interaction

part Part 2|105 pages

Psychological Foundations

chapter six|28 pages

The Developmental Interdependence of Theory of Mind and Language

ByJanet Wilde Astington

chapter seven|22 pages

Constructing the Social Mind: Language and False-Belief Understanding

ByJennie E. Pyers

chapter eight|27 pages

Sylvia's Recipe: The Role of Imitation and Pedagogy in the Transmission of Cultural Knowledge

ByGyörgy Gergely, Gergely Csibra

part Part 3|94 pages

Culture and Sociality

chapter ten|20 pages

Cultural Perspectives on InfantCaregiver Interaction

BySuzanne Gaskins

chapter eleven|30 pages

Joint Commitment and Common Ground in a Ritual Event

ByWilliam F. Hanks

part Part 4|99 pages

Cognition in Interaction

chapter fourteen|24 pages

The Distributed Cognition Perspective on Human Interaction

ByEdwin Hutchins

chapter fifteen|32 pages

Social Consequences of Common Ground

ByN. J. Enfield

part Part 5|74 pages

Evolutionary Perspectives

chapter seventeen|25 pages

Culture and the Evolution of the Human Social Instincts

ByR. Boyd, P. J. Richerson

chapter eighteen|28 pages

Parsing Behavior: A Mundane Origin for an Extraordinary Ability?

ByRichard W. Byrne

chapter nineteen|19 pages

Why Don't Apes Point?

ByMichael Tomasello