This book contains assessment of the progress, or the lack of it, in implementing the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Through review of the assessments and of case studies, readers can draw lessons from the actions that could work to positively address the goals.

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is designed to catalyze action in critical areas of importance to humanity and the planet. The effort to implement the SDGs, however, demands a sense of urgency in the face of environmental degradation, climate change, emerging conflicts, and growing inequality, among a number of other socio-economic problems. Five years after the launch of the 2030 Agenda, this book takes stock of how far the world has come and how we can position ourselves to achieve the global targets. The book is one of the first to assess how the implementation is impeded by the onset of COVID-19. It contains a special chapter on COVID-19 and the SDGs, while many thematic chapters on different SDGs also assess how COVID-19 adversely affects implementation, and what measures could be taken to minimize the adverse effects.

This publication thus provides a fresh look at implementation of the SDGs highlighting impactful and creative actions that go beyond the business-as-usual development efforts. The volume reinforces this analysis with expert recommendations on how to support implementation efforts and achieve the SDGs through international and national strategies and the involvement of both the public and private sectors. The result is an indispensable textual tool for policy makers, academia, intergovernmental organizations (IGOs) and non-governmental organizations (NGOs), as well as the public, as we march toward the 2030 deadline.

part I|32 pages

SDGs in Context

chapter 1|2 pages

Special Introduction

ByAmina J. Mohammed

chapter 2|12 pages

Multilateralism Under Challenge

ByMaría Fernanda Espinosa Garcés

chapter 3|16 pages

COVID-19 and the SDGs

ByJoe E. Colombano, David N. Nabarro

part II|120 pages

Implementing the SDGs

part A|118 pages


chapter 4|18 pages

Extreme Poverty Eradication

Conceptual Evolution and Policy Challenges
ByVesselin Popovski, Krassen Stanchev

chapter 5|20 pages

Critical Assessment of the Latest Progress in Eradication of Extreme Poverty

ByAisha Muhammed-Oyebode

chapter 7|19 pages

Health and Sustainable Development

Assessing Progress and Challenges
ByObijiofor Aginam

chapter 8|19 pages

Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment

Critical Assessment of the Implementation of SDG 5
ByAisha Muhammed-Oyebode

chapter 9|16 pages

Sustainable Management of Water and Sanitation

A Long and Winding Road Ahead
ByZhou Di

part B|102 pages


chapter 10|13 pages

Inclusive, Safe, and Resilient Cities and Settlements

ByDuan Cheche

chapter 11|17 pages

Inclusive and Equitable Quality Education

Why Are We Missing the Mark?
ByAnna Shostya

chapter 12|16 pages

Environmental Education

ByLye Lin-Heng

chapter 13|10 pages

STEM Education

Environmental Restoration Science in New York Harbor
ByLauren Birney, Denise McNamara

chapter 14|13 pages

Working Together toward Sustained and Inclusive Growth

ByJoseph C. Morreale

chapter 15|16 pages

The Road to Sustainable Industrialization

ByAnna Shostya

chapter 16|15 pages

Reducing Inequality and Sharing Opportunities for All

ByVesselin Popovski

part C|150 pages


chapter 17|17 pages

Accelerating the Energy Transformation

ByMinoru Takada, David Koranyi, Richard Ottinger, Bo Fu, Pianpian Wang

chapter 18|20 pages

Toward Sustainable Consumption and Production

ByAnna Shostya, Narinder Kakar

chapter 19|17 pages

Missing Climate Action

Gaps in the Implementation of the Paris Agreement on Climate Change
ByVesselin Popovski

chapter 20|18 pages

Climate Change and Small Islands

ByTessel van der Putte

chapter 21|12 pages

Achieving SDG 14

Time for a Global Ocean Approach
ByKristina M. Gjerde, Marjo Vierros

chapter 22|16 pages

Legal Tools in Combating Marine Pollution and Mitigating the Effects of Acidification

ByAnnick de Marffy-Mantuano

chapter 23|16 pages

Marine Pollution

Maximizing Synergies for Transformative Changes
ByHiroko Muraki Gottlieb

chapter 24|19 pages

Using Terrestrial Ecosystems Sustainably and Halting Biodiversity Loss

ByJohn G. Robinson, Federica Pesce

chapter 25|13 pages

Restoration of Ecosystems and Land Degradation Neutrality

ByBen Boer, Ian Hannam

part D|18 pages


chapter 26|10 pages

Peaceful Societies and Leaving No One Behind

ByFatima Akilu

chapter 27|6 pages

Nigeria's Alternative Pathway to Peace

ByFatima Akilu

part E|42 pages


chapter 28|12 pages

Partnering for a Better World

Shift from Sustainable Finance to Financing Sustainable Development
ByJoe E. Colombano, Marco Nicoli, Aniket Shah

chapter 29|12 pages

Private Corporations and Environmental Social Governance

An Uneven Response
ByMark E. Meaney

chapter 30|16 pages

From Means of Implementation to Implementation of Means

Realizing the Sustainable Development Goals as If They Matter
ByMihir Kanade

part III|62 pages

Integrating the SDGs

chapter 32|16 pages

Indigenous Peoples, the SDGs, and International Environmental Law

ByAnxhela Mile, Railla Puno

chapter 33|11 pages

Codification and Implementation of Customary International Law

ByJuan Carlos Sainz-Borgo

chapter 34|15 pages

Integrating the SDGs through “One Health”

ByNicholas A. Robinson

part IV|14 pages


chapter 35|12 pages

Pathways to 2030

ByVesselin Popovski, Narinder Kakar, Nicholas A. Robinson