Smart technologies have advanced rapidly throughout our society (e.g. smart energy, smart health, smart living, smart cities, smart environment, and smart society) and across geographic spaces and places. Behind these "smart" developments are a number of seminal drivers, such as social media (e.g. Twitter), sensors (drones, wearables), smartphone apps, and computing infrastructure (e.g. cloud computing). These developments have captured the enthusiasm of the public, while inevitably present unprecedented challenges and opportunities for the geographic research community. When meeting the smart challenges, are there emerging theories, methods, and observations that reveal new spatial phenomena, produce new knowledge, and foster new policies?

Smart Spaces and Places addresses questions such as how to make spaces and places "smart", how the "smartness" affects the way we think spaces and places, and what role geographies play in knowledge production and decision-making in a "smart" era. The collection of 21 chapters offers stimulating discussion over the meaning of spaces, places, and smartness; scientific insights into smartness; social-political views of smartness; and policy implications of smartness.

The chapters in this book were originally published as a special issue of Annals of the American Association of Geographers.

chapter |4 pages

Introduction: Smart Spaces and Places

ByLing Bian

part Part I|60 pages

Spaces, Places, and Smartness

chapter |10 pages

Being Smarter about Space: Drawing Lessons from Spatial Science

ByAte Poorthuis, Matthew Zook

chapter |11 pages

Smart Festivals? Security and Freedom for Well-Being in Urban Smart Spaces

ByJeremy W. Crampton, Kara C. Hoover, Harrison Smith, Steve Graham, J. Colette Berbesque

chapter |11 pages

Powers of Division: “Smart” Spaces as Controlling Workplace Activity Fragmentation

ByJonathan Stiles, Clinton Andrews

chapter |8 pages

Smart Spaces, Information Processing, and the Question of Intelligence

ByCasey R. Lynch, Vincent J. Del Casino

chapter |8 pages

Exploding the Phone Book: Spatial Data Arbitrage in the 1990s Internet Boom

ByWill B. Payne, David O’Sullivan

part Part II|78 pages

Analytical Smartness

chapter |9 pages

Rethinking Spatial Tessellation in an Era of the Smart City

ByJin Xing, Renee Sieber, Stéphane Roche

chapter |13 pages

Understanding Place Characteristics in Geographic Contexts through Graph Convolutional Neural Networks

ByDi Zhu, Fan Zhang, Shengyin Wang, Yaoli Wang, Ximeng Cheng, Zhou Huang, Yu Liu

chapter |13 pages

The Missing Parts from Social Media-Enabled Smart Cities: Who, Where, When, and What?

ByYihong Yuan, Yongmei Lu, T. Edwin Chow, Chao Ye, Abdullatif Alyaqout, Yu Liu

part Part III|52 pages

Critical Smartness

chapter |12 pages

“Smart” Discourses, the Limits of Representation, and New Regimes of Spatial Data

ByCraig Dalton, Clancy Wilmott, Emma Fraser, Jim Thatcher

chapter |10 pages

Technology as Ideology in Urban Governance

ByLuis F. Alvarez León, Jovanna Rosen

chapter |9 pages

Civic Infrastructure and the Appropriation of the Corporate Smart City

BySung-Yueh Perng, Sophia Maalsen

chapter |10 pages

How Smart Cities Became the Urban Norm: Power and Knowledge in New Songdo City

ByGlen David Kuecker, Kris Hartley

part Part IV|46 pages

Smart Sustainability and Policy

chapter |11 pages

Toward Smart Foodsheds: Using Stakeholder Engagement to Improve Informatics Frameworks for Regional Food Systems

ByAllan D. Hollander, Casey Hoy, Patrick R. Huber, Ayaz Hyder, Matthew C. Lange, Angela Blatt, James F. Quinn, Courtney M. Riggle, Thomas P. Tomich

chapter |11 pages

Smart Transportation for All? A Typology of Recent U.S. Smart Transportation Projects in Midsized Cities

ByScott B. Kelley, Bradley W. Lane, Benjamin W. Stanley, Kevin Kane, Eric Nielsen, Scotty Strachan

chapter |12 pages

Challenges and Opportunities for Coping with thee Smart in Rural America

ByRuopu Li, Kang Chen, Di Wu