In the context of a growing criticism on the influence of the pharmaceutical industry on physicians, scientists, or politicians, Conflict of Interest and Medicine offers a comprehensive analysis of the conflict of interest in medicine anchored in the social sciences, with perspectives from sociology, history, political science, and law.

Based on in-depth empirical investigations conducted within different territories (France, the European Union, and the United States) the contributions analyze the development of conflict of interest as a social issue and how it impacts the production of medical knowledge and expertise, physicians’ work and their prescriptions, and also the framing of health crises and controversies. In doing so, they bring a new understanding of the transformations in the political economy of pharmaceutical knowledge, the politicization of public health risks, and the promotion of transparency in science and public life.

Complementing the more normative and quantitative understandings of conflict of interest issues that dominate today, this book will be of interest to researchers in a broad range of areas including social studies of sciences and technology, sociology of health and illness, and political sociology and ethics. It will be also a valuable resource for health professionals, medical scientists, or regulators facing the question of corporate influence.

chapter |28 pages


Conflict of interest and the politics of biomedicine
ByBoris Hauray, Henri Boullier, Jean-Paul Gaudillière, Hélène Michel

part I|78 pages

Knowledge and expertise

chapter 1|18 pages

A genealogy of conflict of interest

ByBoris Hauray

chapter 3|18 pages

Managing conflicts of interest at the European Medicines Agency

Success or weakness of the soft law tools?
ByAnnie Martin

chapter 4|20 pages

From the management of conflicts of interest to the transformation of medical experts' profiles

The members of the transparency committee in France (2000–2020)
ByJérôme Greffion, Hélène Michel

part II|72 pages

Physicians and the framing of prescription practices

chapter 5|20 pages

Conflicts of interest in medical practice

Causes and cures
ByMarc André Rodwin

chapter 7|18 pages

The politics of industrial transparency

Constructing a database on the pharmaceutical funding of the health sector
ByHenri Boullier, Jérôme Greffion

chapter 8|14 pages

Scientific marketing and conflict of interest

Lessons from the hormone replacement therapies (HRT) crisis
ByJean-Paul Gaudillière

part III|66 pages

Mobilizations and controversies

chapter 10|18 pages

For science, by science

The emergence and circulation of conflict of interest as a protest repertoire to fight against pesticides
ByGiovanni Prete, Jean-Noël Jouzel, François Dedieu

chapter 11|20 pages

Conflict of interest, capture, production of ignorance, and hegemony

Conceptualizing the influence of corporate interests on public health
ByHenri Boullier, Jean-Paul Gaudillière, Boris Hauray, Emmanuel Henry

chapter |6 pages


Conflict of interest, industry hegemony and key opinion leader management 1
BySergio Sismondo