ABSTRACT

Originally published in 1979, the world’s leading researchers contributed chapters describing their work on the orienting reflex in humans. The contributions, at the time current and comprehensive, in a sense that each facet of contemporary research was represented, address the orienting reflex, now recognized as a fundamental component of human learning and cognitive function. The authors contributing to this volume emphasize both theoretical and methodological issues, as well as present more empirical research. Here is a volume that spans all current work on the orienting reflex in humans, both basic and applied, from the laboratory as well as clinical data, and which would be of immense interest to psychologists, psychophysiologists, psychiatrists, physiologists, and all others interested in this fascinating topic.

part I|134 pages

Physiological Mechanisms of the Orienting Reflex

chapter 1|18 pages

The Orienting Reaction: Key to Brain Re-presentational Mechanisms

ByKarl H. Pribram

chapter 2|40 pages

Habituation and the Orienting Reflex: The Dual-Process Theory Revisted

ByRichard F. Thompson, Stephen D. Berry, Patricia C. Rinaldi, Theodore W. Berger

chapter 3|15 pages

Orienting and Evoked Potentials

ByRisto Näätänen

chapter 6|6 pages

Habituation of the Components of the AEP to Stimuli of Different Intensities

ByWerner Lutzenberger, Rainer Schandry, Niels Birbaumer

chapter 7|6 pages

Interstimulus Interval Length and Habituation of the P300

ByRainer Schandry, Siegfried Hoefling

part II|151 pages

Cardiac and Motor Processes in Orienting

chapter 8|31 pages

Distinguishing among Orienting, Defense, and Startle Reflexes

ByFrances K. Graham

chapter 9|29 pages

Orienting Activity in Two-Stimulus Paradigms as Reflected in Heart Rate

ByGunilla Bohlin, Anders Kjellberg

chapter 10|20 pages

Orienting and Defensive Cardiac Responses

ByManfred Velden, Ruth Schumacher

chapter 11|22 pages

Myocardiacl Performance and Stress: Implications for Basic and Clinical Research

ByPaul A. Obrist, Alan W. Langer, Kathleen C. Light, Alberto Grignolo, James A. McCubbin

chapter 12|18 pages

Some Questions about the Motor Inhibition Hypothesis

ByC.H.M. Brunia

chapter 14|8 pages

Evaluation of Temporal Vasomotor Components of Orienting and Defensive Responses

ByBrett E. Skolnick, Larry C. Walrath, John A. Stern

part III|136 pages

Orienting and Behavioral Plasticity

chapter 17|17 pages

Interrelationships among Components of Orienting Behavior

ByWilliam W. Grings

chapter 18|29 pages

Orienting Reflexes and Classical Conditioning in Humans

ByIrving Maltzman

chapter 19|20 pages

A Pavlovian Psychophysiological Perspective on the OR: The Facts of the Matter

ByJohn J. Furedy, J. M. Arabian

chapter 24|7 pages

The Orienting Component of the Classically Conditioned GSR

ByAvrum I. Silver, Robert McCaffery

part IV|142 pages

Attentional and Cognitive Factors in Orienting

chapter 26|18 pages

Monotony and Uncertainty in the Habituation of the Orienting Reflex

ByH. D. Kimmel, Joan Piroch, R. L. Ray

chapter 28|25 pages

Orienting Response and Information-Processing: Some Theoretical and Empirical Problems

ByDavid A. T. Siddle, John A. Spinks

chapter 30|27 pages

Stimulus Significance and the Orienting Reaction

ByEvert H. van Olst, Menno L. Heemstra, Thomas ten Kortenaar

chapter 31|7 pages

Orienting Reflex and Uncertainty Reduction in a Concept-Learning Task

ByJ. H. de Swart, E. A. Das-Smaal

chapter 32|8 pages

Selective Attention and the Orienting Response

ByWouter Hulstijn

part V|154 pages

Personality and Individual Differences in the Orienting Reflex

chapter 33|19 pages

The Orienting Reflex as a Personality Correlate

ByJ. F. Orlebeke, J. A. Feij

chapter 34|19 pages

Orienting and Defensive Reflexes in the Detection of Deception

ByDavid C. Raskin

chapter 35|11 pages

The Orienting Reflex in Anxiety and Schizophrenia

ByMalcolm Lader

chapter 36|6 pages

A Comparison of Auditory Behavior in the Premature and Full-Term Infant: The Effects of Intervention 1

ByKaren G. Dorros, Nathan Brody, Susan Rose

chapter 38|6 pages

Habituation and Conditioning of the Orienting Reflex in Intellectually Gifted and Average Children

ByDana DeBoskey, Ellen Kimmel, H. D. Kimmel

chapter 39|7 pages

Variations of the Orienting Response in Learning-Disabled Children

ByNoel H. Williams, J. P. Das

chapter 41|8 pages

Sex Differences in Habituation of the Orienting Reflex

ByKaren Castleman, A. F. Brennan, H. D. Kimmel

chapter 42|12 pages

Electrodermal Measures of Arousal in Humans with Cortical or Subcortical Brain Damage

ByMarlene Oscar-Berman, Anders Gade

chapter 44|15 pages

Information Content of the Electrodermal Orienting Response

ByRussell A. Lockhart, William Lieberman

chapter 46|4 pages

Applied Research and the Orienting Reflex: A Few Proposals

ByStaffan Hygge