This book takes an interdisciplinary, transnational and cross-cultural approach to reflect on, critically examine and challenge the surprisingly robust practice of making art after death in an artist's name, through the lenses of scholars from the fields of art history, economics and law, as well as practicing artists.

Works of art conceived as multiples, such as sculptures, etchings, prints, photographs and conceptual art, can be—and often are—remade from original models and plans long after the artist has passed. Recent sales have suggested a growing market embrace of posthumous works, contemporaneous with questioning on the part of art history. Legal norms seem unready for this surge in posthumous production and are beset by conflict across jurisdictions. Non-Western approaches to posthumous art, from Chinese emulations of non-living artists to Native American performances, take into account rituals of generational passage at odds with contemporary, market-driven approaches.

The book will be of interest to scholars working in art history, the art market, art law, art management, museum studies and economics.

chapter |7 pages


BySharon Hecker, Peter J. Karol

part Part One|35 pages

Stage Setting

chapter 1|10 pages

Posthumous Casts in the Twentieth Century

An Overview of the Wide Range of Situations
ByÉlisabeth Lebon, Ève Turbat, Cole Swensen

chapter 2|11 pages

The Challenges of Posthumous Moral Rights

ByGuy A. Rub

chapter 3|12 pages

Posthumous Editions

Does the Market Value the Presence of the Artist?
BySharon Chrust, Amy R. Jebrine

part Part Two|35 pages

Intentions and (Mis)understandings

chapter 4|12 pages

Behind the Scenes

Legitimation and Marketing Strategies of Brancusi's Posthumous Bronze Casts
ByAlexandra Parigoris

chapter 5|10 pages

Dead-Hand Guidance

A Preferable Testamentary Approach for Artists
ByEva E. Subotnik

chapter 6|11 pages

Collaborations in Absentia

An Artist's/Founder's View of the Posthumous Cast
ByAndrew Lacey

part Part Three|38 pages

Museum Stewardship

chapter 7|11 pages

Condition Issues

ByMartha Buskirk

chapter 8|11 pages

The Cost of Decommissioning

ByPeter J. Karol

chapter 9|14 pages

Patterns on Maya's Veil

The Distinction Between “Lifetime” and “Posthumous” Casts as Fetish
ByArie Hartog, Deborah Shannon

part Part Four|55 pages

Unruly Afterlives

chapter 10|10 pages

Forged of Paper

The Busy Afterlives of Xuande Incense Burners
ByBruce Rusk

chapter 11|13 pages

Unique Forms & Different Versions

Cataloging Boccioni's Sculptures
ByRosalind McKever

chapter 12|9 pages

Medardo Rosso's The Emperor Vitellius

An Artist's Posthumous Copy (of a Copy) of an (Unknown) Original
BySharon Hecker

chapter 13|10 pages

AI, IP, and Artistic Legacies

ByAndrew Gilden, Taylor Hurwitz

chapter 14|11 pages

An Economic Strategy to Exploit the Rent of Notoriety in an Emblematic Case Study

François Pompon
ByNathalie Moureau, Dominique Sagot-Duvauroux

part Part Five|49 pages

Continuity and Community

chapter 16|11 pages

Lineages and the Posthumous Lives of Chinese Paintings

ByMichael J. Hatch

chapter 17|14 pages

Indigeneity and the Posthumous Condition

ByLara M. Evans, Mique’l Dangeli

chapter |10 pages


Personal Reflections on NFTs & the Death of Art
ByBrian L. Frye