This volume is dedicated to questions about the nature and method of metaphysics in Classical German Philosophy. Its chapters offer original investigations into the metaphysical projects of many of the major figures in German philosophy between Wolff and Hegel.

The period of Classical German Philosophy was an extraordinarily rich one in the history of philosophy, especially for metaphysics. It includes some of the highest achievements of early modern rationalism, Kant’s critical revolution, and the various significant works of German Idealism that followed in Kant’s wake. The contributions to this volume critically examine certain common themes among metaphysical projects across this period, for example, the demand that metaphysics amount to a science, that it be presented in the form of a system, or that it should proceed by means of demonstration from certain key first principles. This volume also includes material on influential criticisms of metaphysical projects of this kind.

Metaphysics as a Science in Classical German Philosophy is a useful resource for contemporary metaphysicians and historians of philosophy interested in engaging with the history of the methodology and epistemology of metaphysics.

Introduction: Metaphysics as a Science in Classical German Philosophy Robb Dunphy and Toby Lovat  1. Wolff on Ontology as Primary Philosophy Dino Jakušić  2. Baumgarten on the Nature and Role of Metaphysics Courtney D. Fugate  3. Lambert on the Certainty and Generality of Metaphysics and Geometry Katherine Dunlop  4. The Methodological Role of Intellectual Intuition in Kant’s Critique Toby Lovat  5. Kant’s Promise of a Scientific Metaphysics Catherine Wilson  6. Can Metaphysics Become a Science for Kant? Gabriele Gava  7. Scientific Metaphysics and Metaphysical Science: The Demand for Systematicity in Kant’s Transition Project Michael J. Olson  8. Kant, Reinhold, and the Problem of Philosophical Scientificity Karin de Boer and Gesa Wellmann  9. Reinhold on the Deduction of the Categories Elise Frketich  10. Schulze’s Scepticism and the Rise and Rise of German Idealism Robb Dunphy  11. The I and I: The Pure and the Empirical Subject in Fichte’s Science of Science Kienhow Goh  12. The Science of All Science and the Unity of the Faculties: Schelling on the Nature of Philosophy Benjamin Berger  13. Two Models of Critique of Metaphysics: Kant and Hegel Dietmar H. Heidemann  14. Quietism, Dialetheism, and the Three Moments of Hegel’s Logic G. Anthony Bruno  15. Metaphysics on the Model of Natural Science? A Kantian Critique of Abductivism Nicholas Stang