This volume discusses the complex relationship between Protected Areas and tourism and their impact on community livelihoods in a range of countries in Southern Africa.

Protected areas and tourism have an enduring and symbiotic relationship. While protected areas offer a desirable setting for tourism products, tourism provides revenue that can contribute to conservation efforts. This can bring benefits to local communities, but it can also have a negative impact, with the establishment of protected areas leading to the eviction of local communities from their original places of residence, while also preventing them from accessing the natural resources they once enjoyed. Taking a multi-disciplinary approach, this book addresses the opportunities and challenges faced by communities and other stakeholders as they endeavour to achieve their conservation goals and work towards improving community livelihoods. Case studies from Botswana, Malawi, Namibia, South Africa, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe address key issues such as human–wildlife conflicts, ecotourism, wildlife-based tourism, landscape governance, wildlife crop-raiding and trophy hunting, including the high-profile case of Cecil the lion. Chapters highlight both the achievements and positive outcomes of protected areas, but also the challenges faced and their impact on how protected areas are viewed and also conservation priorities more generally. The volume gives these issues affecting protected areas, local communities, managers and international conservation efforts centre stage in order inform policy and improve practice going forward.

This book will be of great interest to students and scholars of conservation, natural resource management, tourism, sustainable development and African studies, as well as professionals and policymakers involved in conservation policy.

part I|57 pages

Community–PA relations

chapter 2|13 pages

Protected areas and tourism development

A historical analysis of the Southern African experience

chapter 3|14 pages

Community perceptions of protected areas and tourism amidst poverty

Experiences from Southern Africa

part II|57 pages

Protected areas, tourism and human–wildlife conflicts dynamics

chapter 7|13 pages

In the way of wildlife

Contestations between Indigenous Peoples' livelihood and conservation

chapter 8|14 pages

The socio-economic impacts of wildlife crop-raiding

An assessment of the efficacy of conservation and agricultural land uses reconciliation

chapter 9|14 pages

Protected areas and community-based tourism

The effectiveness of current mitigation techniques in human wildlife conflicts

part III|74 pages

Managing the wildlife economy

chapter 10|15 pages

Lifting of the hunting ban and the elephant debate in Botswana

Implications for conservation and development in Southern Africa

chapter 12|14 pages

Nature-based tourism resources and climate change in Southern Africa

Implications for conservation and development sustainability

chapter 13|13 pages

International organisations and the ivory sales ban debate

The case of Zimbabwe, Namibia and Botswana

part IV|68 pages

Protected areas and tourism practices

chapter 15|13 pages

The adoption of community-based tourism in the proximity of protected areas

Implications for policy and practice

chapter 16|14 pages

Militarisation of conservation and ‘shoot to kill’ policies

An analysis of the rights of African states to protect and conserve wildlife

chapter 18|14 pages

Promotion of pro-poor tourism in Southern Africa

Conservation and development critical issues

chapter 19|12 pages

Contrasting safari and bushmeat hunting in Southern Africa

Conservation and development issues