With over 60 contributions, The Tokugawa World presents the latest scholarship on early modern Japan from an international team of specialists in a volume that is unmatched in its breadth and scope.

In its early modern period, under the Tokugawa shoguns, Japan was a world apart. For over two centuries the shogun’s subjects were forbidden to travel abroad and few outsiders were admitted. Yet in this period, Japan evolved as a nascent capitalist society that could rapidly adjust to its incorporation into the world system after its forced "opening" in the 1850s. The Tokugawa World demonstrates how Japan’s early modern society took shape and evolved: a world of low and high cultures, comic books and Confucian academies, soba restaurants and imperial music recitals, rigid enforcement of social hierarchy yet also ongoing resistance to class oppression. A world of outcasts, puppeteers, herbal doctors, samurai officials, businesswomen, scientists, scholars, blind lutenists, peasant rebels, tea-masters, sumo wrestlers, and wage workers.

Covering a variety of features of the Tokugawa world including the physical landscape, economy, art and literature, religion and thought, and education and science, this volume is essential reading for all students and scholars of early modern Japan.

chapter |4 pages


ByGary P. Leupp, De-min Tao

part I|56 pages

National reunification, 1563–1603

chapter Chapter One|16 pages

The three unifiers of the state (tenka)

Nobunaga (1534–82), Hideyoshi (1536–98), and Ieyasu (1543–1616)
ByFujita Tatsuo

chapter Chapter Two|23 pages

Japan's invasions of Korea in 1592–98 and the Hideyoshi regime

ByNam-Lin Hur

chapter Chapter Three|15 pages

The life and afterlife of Tokugawa Ieyasu (1543–1616)

ByMorgan Pitelka

part II|73 pages

The physical landscape

chapter Chapter Four|17 pages

Water management in Tokugawa Japan

ByMurata Michihito

chapter Chapter Five|19 pages

The King Yu legend and flood control in Tokugawa Japan

ByWang Min

chapter Chapter Six|18 pages

Earthquakes in historical context

ByGregory Smits

chapter Chapter Seven|17 pages

The center of the shogun's realm

Building Nihonbashi *
ByTimon Screech

part III|95 pages

Tokugawa society

chapter Chapter Eight|22 pages

The samurai in Tokugawa Japan

ByConstantine Vaporis

chapter Chapter Nine|16 pages

Villages and farmers in the Tokugawa period

ByWatanabe Takashi

chapter Chapter Ten|25 pages

Popular movements in the Edo period

Peasants, peasant uprisings, and the development of lawful petitions
ByTaniyama Masamichi

chapter Chapter Eleven|13 pages

Coastal whaling and its impact on early modern Japan

ByJakobina Arch

chapter Chapter Twelve|17 pages

Outcastes and their social roles in Tokugawa Japan

ByMaren Ehlers

part IV|54 pages

Family, gender, sexuality, and reproduction

chapter Chapter Thirteen|16 pages

Women in cities and towns

ByAmy Stanley

chapter Chapter Fourteen|22 pages

Childhood in Tokugawa Japan

ByKristin Williams

chapter Chapter Fifteen|14 pages

Growing small bodies at the point of skin

Young children's bodies and health in sacred skinscape
ByWilliam Lindsey

part V|49 pages

Tokugawa economy

chapter Chapter Sixteen|17 pages

Food fights, but it's always for fun in early modern Japan

ByEric Rath

chapter Chapter Seventeen|18 pages

The silk weavers of Nishijin

Wage-laborers in the Tokugawa world
ByGary P. Leupp

part VI|181 pages

Tokugawa Japan in the world

chapter Chapter Nineteen|13 pages

Japan and the world in Tokugawa maps

ByKären Wigen

chapter Chapter Twenty|20 pages

Nihonmachi in Southeast Asia in the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries

ByTravis Seifman

chapter Chapter Twenty-one|35 pages

Rethinking Ezo-chi, the Ainu, and Tokugawa Japan in a global perspective

ByNoémi Godefroy

chapter Chapter Twenty-two|15 pages

The opening of the Tokugawa world and Japan's foreign relations

The visits of Korean embassies to Japan
ByNakao Hiroshi

chapter Chapter Twenty-three|22 pages

Early modern Ryukyu between China and Japan

ByWatanabe Miki

chapter Chapter Twenty-four|11 pages

Dutch East India company relations with Tokugawa Japan

ByAdam Clulow

chapter Chapter Twenty-five|17 pages

The presence of black people in Japan during the Edo period

ByFujita Midori

chapter Chapter Twenty-six|15 pages

Seventeenth-century Chinese émigrés and Sino-Japanese cultural exchanges

ByShing-Ching Shyu

chapter Chapter Twenty-seven|16 pages

Selective Sakoku?

Tantalizing hints of the Japanese in China after the Tokugawa maritime prohibition
ByXing Hang

chapter Chapter Twenty-eight|15 pages

Tokugawa Japan and the rise of modern racial thought in the West

ByRotem Kowner

part VII|108 pages

The performing arts and sport

chapter Chapter Twenty-nine|24 pages

The musical world of Tokugawa Japan

ByAlison Tokita

chapter Chapter Thirty|17 pages

Visual disability and musical culture in Edo-period Japan

ByGerald Groemer

chapter Chapter Thirty-one|18 pages

Tominaga Nakamoto (1715–46) and Gagaku (court music)

ByIntō Kazuhiro

chapter Chapter Thirty-Two|16 pages

Staging senseless violence

Early jōruri puppet theater and the culture of performance
ByKeller Kimbrough

chapter Chapter Thirty-Three|17 pages

Rural kabuki and the imagination of Japanese identity in the late Tokugawa Period

ByWilliam Fleming

chapter Chapter Thirty-four|14 pages

Sumo wrestling in the Tokugawa period

ByLee Thompson, Nitta Ichirō

part VIII|174 pages

Art and literature

chapter Chapter Thirty-five|20 pages

Shunga in Tokugawa society and culture

ByAndrew Gerstle

chapter Chapter Thirty-six|21 pages

Uses of shunga and ukiyo-e in the Tokugawa period

ByHayakawa Monta

chapter Chapter Thirty-seven|17 pages

The two paths of love in the fiction of Ihara Saikaku

ByDavid Gundry

chapter Chapter Thirty-eight|20 pages

Furuta Oribe

Controversial daimyo tea-master
ByKaminishi Ikumi

chapter Chapter Thirty-nine|25 pages

Grass booklets and the roots of manga

Comic books in the Tokugawa period
ByGlynne Walley

chapter Chapter Forty|17 pages

An iconology of the Orchid Pavilion Gathering

Image, text, and communities in Tokugawa-era Japan
ByKazuko Kameda-Madar

chapter Chapter Forty-one|17 pages

The folk worldview of Chronicles of the Eight Dog Heroes of the Satomi Clan of Nansō

ByInoue Atsushi

chapter Chapter Forty-two|17 pages

Okakura Kakuzō and the Osaka Painting Schools of the Tokugawa era

ByNakatani Nobuo

chapter Chapter Forty-three|18 pages

The rise and fall and spring of haiku

ByAdam L. Kern

part IX|145 pages

Religion and thought

chapter Chapter Forty-four|14 pages

Christians, Christianity, and Kakure Kirishitan in Japan (1549–1868)

ByJan Leuchtenberger

chapter Chapter Forty-five|15 pages

Pilgrimage in Tokugawa Japan

ByBarbara Ambros

chapter Chapter Forty-six|14 pages

Structuring the canon

Exceptionalism and Kokugaku
ByMark McNally

chapter Chapter Forty-seven|11 pages

The image of Susanoo in Hirata Atsutane's Koshiden

ByTajiri Yūichirō

chapter Chapter Forty-eight|17 pages

Itō Jinsai and the origins of Classical Learning (Kogaku)

ByTsuchida Kenjirō

chapter Chapter Forty-nine|16 pages

Mapping intellectual history

ByKojima Yasunori

chapter Chapter Fifty|14 pages

Emperor-centrism and the historiography of the Mito School

ByKojima Tsuyoshi

chapter Chapter fifty-one|23 pages

Heigaku and bushidō

Military thought in the Tokugawa world
ByMaeda Tsutomu

chapter Chapter Fifty-two|19 pages

Confucian views of life and death

ByTakahashi Fumihiro

part X|128 pages

Education and Science

chapter Chapter Fifty-three|18 pages

Tokugawa popular education

ByBrian Platt

chapter Chapter Fifty-four|18 pages

The Greater Learning for Women and women's moral education in Tokugawa Japan

ByYabuta Yutaka

chapter Chapter Fifty-five|16 pages

“Reading” of the Chinese classics and the history of thought in the Edo period

ByNakamura Shunsaku

chapter Chapter Fifty-six|17 pages

Health, disease, and epidemics in late Tokugawa Japan

ByWilliam Johnston

chapter Chapter Fifty-seven|22 pages

Doctors and herbal medicine in Tokugawa Japan

ByMachi Senjurō

chapter Chapter Fifty-eight|16 pages

The history of natural history in Tokugawa Japan

ByFederico Marcon

chapter Chapter Fifty-nine|19 pages

Attitudes toward celestial events in Tokugawa Japan

BySugi Takeshi

part XI|95 pages


chapter Chapter Sixty|13 pages

From feudalism to meritocracy?

Growing demand for competent and efficient government in the late Tokugawa period
ByMatsuda Kōichirō

chapter Chapter Sixty-one|16 pages

Shōin and changing worldviews in the late Tokugawa period

ByKirihara Kenshin

chapter Chapter Sixty-two|21 pages

The Shinsengumi

Shadows and light in the last days of the Tokugawa shogunate
ByKimura Sachihiko

chapter Chapter Sixty-three|24 pages

Katsu Kaishū and Yokoi Shōnan

Late Tokugawa imaginings of a more democratic Japan *
ByM. William Steele