This volume explores agricultural commercialization from a gender equality and right to food perspective.

Agricultural commercialization, involving not only the shift to selling crops and buying inputs but also the commodification of land and labour, has always been controversial. Strategies for commercialization have often reinforced and exacerbated inequalities, been blind to gender differences and given rise to violations of the human rights to food, land, work and social security. While there is a body of evidence to trace these developments globally, impacts vary considerably in local contexts. This book systematically considers these dynamics in two countries, Cambodia and Ghana. Profoundly different in terms of their history and location, they provide the basis for fruitful comparisons because they both transitioned to democracy in the early 1990s, made agricultural development a priority, and adopted orthodox policies of commercialization to develop the sector. Chapters illustrate how commercialization processes are gendered, highlighting distinctive gender, ethnic and class dynamics in rural Ghana and Cambodia and the different outcomes these generate. They also show the ways in which food cultures are changing and the often-problematic impact of these changes on the safety and quality of food. Specific policies and legal norms are examined, with chapters addressing the development and implementation of frameworks on the right to food and land administration. Overall, the volume brings into relief multiple dimensions shaping the outcomes of processes of commercialization, including gender orders, food cultures, policy translation, national and sub-national policies, corporate investments and programmes, and formal and informal legal norms. In doing so, it offers insight not only on our case countries, but also provides proposals to advance rights-based research on food security.

This book will be of great interest to students and scholars of food security, agricultural development and economics, gender, human rights and sustainable development.

chapter |22 pages

Agricultural commercialization, gender equality, and the right to food

ByJoanna Bourke Martignoni, Christophe Gironde, Christophe Golay, Elisabeth Prügl, Fenneke Reysoo, Dzodzi Tsikata

part Section I|86 pages

Commercialized livelihoods, gender, and food security

chapter 1|22 pages

From food crop to food shop. Agricultural commercialization, food security, and gender relations in Cambodia

ByChristophe Gironde, Andres Torrico Ramirez, Amaury Peeters, Kim Thida

chapter 2|25 pages

Gender, agricultural commercialization, and food security in Ghana

ByFred Mawunyo Dzanku, Dzodzi Tsikata

chapter 3|19 pages

Emerging rural food markets in Kampong Thom (Cambodia)

Right to food, gender, and shifting food cultures
ByFenneke Reysoo

part Section II|57 pages

Gender(ed) policies for food security in a commercializing world

chapter 5|19 pages

Gender mainstreaming in a hybrid state

Entanglements of patriarchy and political order in Cambodia's food security sector
BySaba Joshi, Elisabeth Prügl, Muy Seo Ngouv

chapter 6|17 pages

Minding the gap in agriculture and food security

Gender mainstreaming and women's participation in policy processes in Ghana
ByMartha A. Awo, Anna Antwi

chapter 7|18 pages

Agricultural commercialization and gender mainstreaming in decentralized Ghana

The politics of business
ByDaniel Adu Ankrah, Dzodzi Tsikata, Fred Mawunyo Dzanku

part Section III|88 pages

Rights to food, land, and gender equality

chapter 8|18 pages

Feminist legal geographies of land titling, indebtedness, and resistance in rural Cambodia

ByJoanna Bourke Martignoni, Saba Joshi

chapter 9|16 pages

Legal pluralism, gender justice, and right to food in agrarian Ghana

ByGertrude Dzifa Torvikey, Atudiwe P. Atupare

chapter 10|19 pages

Social security in the extractive state

Gender, land inheritance, and agrarian change in Ratanakiri, Cambodia
ByAlice Beban, Joanna Bourke Martignoni

chapter 11|18 pages

Constitution, courts, right to food, and gender equality in Ghana

ByAtudiwe P. Atupare

chapter |14 pages

From the unequal harvests of commercialization to the right to food and gender equality

What roles for governments, agribusinesses, and rural communities?
ByJoanna Bourke Martignoni, Christophe Gironde, Christophe Golay, Elisabeth Prügl, Fenneke Reysoo, Dzodzi Tsikata