This is the first book to offer a comprehensive overview of the history and development of sport from the ancient to the contemporary era in China. It addresses the gap between the vibrant academic scholarship within China and the limited understanding of Chinese sport outside of the country. It opens different perspectives on Chinese sport and addresses a wide range of issues central to the development of sport in the context of Chinese culture, politics, economy, and society. It explores a diverse set of topics including the history of Chinese traditional sport, the rise of modern sport and the Olympic movement, sport and nationhood, sport and politics and international relations, sport and physical education, sport and economy and commerce, sport and social stratification and diversity, and sport leisure and tourism. It offers critical insights into the multifaceted world of China, past and present—a contribution to our collective knowledge and understanding of Chinese sport and society—and is useful reading for students, researchers, and professionals with an interest in the field of China and Chinese sport.

This Handbook has been contributed to by a team consisting of 88 leading Chinese and Asian experts and scholars with varied backgrounds of studying and working in European, North American, and Australian universities, as well as Western scholars with expertise on China and its sports system and practice. It is composed of ten parts classified by different subjects. It provides a wide lens through which to better contextualise the relationships between China and the world within the global sport community.

The Routledge Handbook of Sport in China is a vital resource for students and scholars studying the history, politics, sociology, culture and policy of sport in China, as well as sport management, sport history, sport sociology, and sport policy and politics. It is also valuable reading for those who are working in international sport policy making and sport organisations.

chapter |5 pages


ByFan Hong, Liu Li

part I|50 pages

Sports History and Tradition in Ancient China

part II|51 pages

The Rise of Modern Sports and Olympics

chapter 7|6 pages

The Early Diffusion of Modern Western Sport to China

ByWan Shu

chapter 8|11 pages

Physical Liberation and Feminism

Women's Sports in the Republic of China
ByXiong Huan, Li Jiayu

chapter 10|10 pages

Sporting Events and Competitions in Modern China

ByWang Runbin, Wang Haiyan, Liu Huaxuan

chapter 11|7 pages

Going Global

China's Participation in the Olympics During the Republic of China
ByZhao Guobing

chapter 12|8 pages

China and the Far Eastern Championship Games

ByWang Yan

part III|15 pages

Sports, Politics, Diplomacy, and International Relations

part IV|49 pages

Sports Policy, Law, and Governance

chapter 16|8 pages

The Systemic and Political Governance of Chinese Sports

ByXiaoqian Richard Hu, Wu Chuchu

chapter 17|9 pages

Mass Sports and Its Role in Economic Development

ByXing Xiaoyan

chapter 18|7 pages

School Sports and University Sports Club Development in China

ByChen Xuedong

chapter 19|6 pages

Chinese Sports Lottery

Development and Regulations
ByChen Hongping

chapter 20|9 pages

Sports Law in China

ByLi Zhi, Qiao Yijuan, Liu Yongping

part V|47 pages

Sports and Physical Education in Schools

chapter 21|8 pages

The Influence of Gender Identities and Development on Sports and Physical Education in China

ByBonnie Pang, Jessica Francombe-Webb, Bryan C. Clift, Emma Rich

chapter 23|12 pages

Preschool Children's Sports Policy Development and Health Since the Reform and Opening Up in China

ByPatrick W.C. Lau, Song Huiqi, Li Yin, Ava Xingmeng Huang

chapter 24|5 pages

From the ‘Cooperation of Sports and Education’ to the ‘Integration of Sports and Education’

The Road of Training Elite Sport Talents in China
ByGuo Zhen, Wang Song, Chen Yiying

chapter 25|9 pages

A Critical Assessment of Physical Education Systems in Schools

ByJingxian Cecilia Zhang

part VI|53 pages

Sports and Physical Fitness for the Community and Society

chapter 26|7 pages

Sports and Physical Fitness of Senior Citizens

ByCao Siyang

chapter 27|6 pages

Sports and Social Stratification in Contemporary China

Migrant Workers, Citizenship, and Sports Rights
ByChen Jiaming

chapter 28|7 pages

Sports Participation of Ethnic Minorities

ByDaniel Lemus-Delgado

chapter 29|7 pages

Sports Policy and Development for the Masses

A Historical Overview
ByFeng Jing

chapter 30|9 pages

China's Selection System for Disabled Athletes and Its Advantages

ByGuan Zhixun, Sheng Xinxin, Wang Jing

chapter 32|8 pages

Sports Participation Among Children and Adolescents

ByZhan Enyan

part VII|60 pages

Elite Sports Development, Chinese Character, and Nationalism

chapter 33|8 pages

China at the Asian Games

Progress and Prospects
ByYuan Shuying

chapter 34|7 pages

Athletes' Development in China

The Success and Challenge
ByGuan Zhixun, Cheng Xiaoxue, Sheng Xinxin

chapter 35|7 pages

Flying the Flag at the Olympics

Representing Nation Through Elite Sports Space
ByZhang Ling

chapter 37|7 pages

The Effects of Hosting the Olympic Games in China

From Host and Non-Host Cities' Perspectives
ByMeng Ting

chapter 38|6 pages

Social Media Marketing in China

ByBo Li, Brody J. Ruihley

chapter 39|7 pages

The Naturalization of Athletes in Mainland China

ByTobias Ross

chapter 40|8 pages

Inheritance and Enrichment

The Cultural Heritage of Beijing Olympic Games
ByZhong Yuting

part VIII|45 pages

Sports Economy, Commerce, Business, and Management

chapter 41|6 pages

Sport Commerce and Event Management in the Global Commodity Chains

ByAurélien Boucher

chapter 42|7 pages

The Promotion of Rural Revitalisation in China Through Grassroots Sports Social Organizations

ByChen Congkan, Wang Sibei, Liang Ming

chapter 43|5 pages

Sport Economy and Urban Development

ByFeng Jing

chapter 44|7 pages

Leisure Sports in China

Policy and Practice
BySu Xiaoyan, Shi Qing, Liu Yiwei

chapter 46|11 pages

“An Art of Regrets”

Creativity and Constraints in Olympic Documentary Making in China
ByLiang Limin

part IX|53 pages

Sports in Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan

chapter 47|7 pages

A Review of Taiwan Sports

ByYang Haichen

chapter 49|7 pages

The Development of Sports-for-All Culture in Post-Colonial Hong Kong

ByGlos Ho, Edmond Yik Ming Yiu

chapter 50|7 pages

The Development of Sporting Culture in Hong Kong

Hong Kong Gay Games 2023
ByBonnie Pang, Siufung Law

chapter 52|5 pages

Olympic Model

Consensus on Cross-Strait Sports Communication Since the Reform and Opening Up of the People's Republic of China
ByCheng Chia Chaun, Tu Chuanfei

chapter 53|10 pages

The Transition of Hong Kong Elite Sports Policy Before and After 1997

ByLau Wing-chung Patrick, Zhen Cheng, Wu Wen

part X|35 pages

Research Structure, Funding, and Management

chapter 55|7 pages

Management of Chinese Sports Science Research

Sport Science Institutes, Societies, and Organizations
ByRen Huitao, Wei Taisen, Zhao Yao