This second edition of the highly respected Routledge Handbook of Russian Politics and Society both provides a broad overview of the area and highlights cutting-edge research into the country.

Through balanced theoretical and empirical investigation, each chapter examines both the Russian experience and the existing literature, identifies and exemplifies research trends, and highlights the richness of experience, history, and continued challenges inherent to this enduringly fascinating and shifting polity. Politically, economically, and socially, Russia has one of the most interesting development trajectories of any major country. This Handbook answers questions about democratic transition, the relationship between the market and democracy, stability and authoritarian politics, the development of civil society, the role of crime and corruption, the development of a market economy, and Russia’s likely place in the emerging new world order.

Providing a comprehensive resource for scholars, students, and policy makers alike, this book is an essential contribution to the study of Russian studies/politics, Eastern European studies/politics, and International Relations.

part Part 1|60 pages


chapter 1|9 pages


ByGraeme Gill

chapter 2|10 pages

The Yeltsin era

ByGraeme Gill

chapter 3|11 pages

The Putin era

ByVladimir Gel’man

chapter 4|13 pages


ByRichard Sakwa

chapter 5|15 pages

How Russia compares

ByRodney Tiffen

part Part 2|190 pages


chapter 6|12 pages

Vladimir Putin

Great leader or ordinary authoritarian?
ByKenneth Wilson

chapter 7|12 pages

The Russian Constitution

ByElizabeth Teague

chapter 8|12 pages

The presidency

ByJohn P. Willerton

chapter 9|12 pages

The Federal Assembly – more than just a “rubber stamp”?

ByBen Noble, Paul Chaisty

chapter 10|16 pages

National elections in Russia

ByDerek S. Hutcheson

chapter 11|11 pages

State intervention and Russia's frozen dominant party system

ByRegina Smyth

chapter 12|11 pages

Local government

ByNikolay Petrov

chapter 13|11 pages

Federalism and de-federalisation in Russia

ByCameron Ross

chapter 14|10 pages

Centre-regional relations in Russia

ByIrina Busygina, Mikhail Filippov

chapter 15|12 pages

Politics in Russian regions

ByAlexander Libman

chapter 16|11 pages


ByStephen Fortescue

chapter 17|14 pages

State capacity and Russia

ByAndrei Melville

chapter 18|9 pages

Russia's retreat from human rights

ByWilliam Pomeranz

chapter 19|11 pages

Protest and opposition

ByJan Matti Dollbaum

chapter 20|12 pages

The security services

ByKirill Shamiev, Bettina Renz

chapter 21|12 pages

The military

ByJennifer G. Mathers

part Part 3|46 pages

Political economy

chapter 22|10 pages

Political economy

ByNeil Robinson

chapter 23|11 pages

Crony capitalism in contemporary Russia and what globalisation has to do with it

ByGulnaz Sharafutdinova

chapter 24|11 pages

The Russian corporation

Between neoliberalism and the security state
ByPeter Rutland

chapter 25|12 pages

Russian international economic policy

Purposes and performance
BySteven Rosefielde

part Part 4|178 pages


chapter 26|12 pages

Russian population dynamics in the Putin era

ByLeslie Root

chapter 27|9 pages

Inequality in Russia

BySvetlana Mareeva

chapter 28|11 pages

Russian labour

Between stability and stagnation
ByStephen Crowley

chapter 29|11 pages

Gender in Russia

State policy and lived reality
BySarah Ashwin

chapter 30|12 pages

The rise of a hybrid welfare state in Putin's Russia

Social welfare under authoritarianism
ByElena Maltseva

chapter 31|10 pages

Media and culture in Putin's Russia

ByGalina Miazhevich

chapter 32|13 pages

ICT in Putin's Russia

ByIlya Yablokov, Olga Solovyeva

chapter 34|10 pages

The politics of memory

ByAlexey Golubev, Feodor Nikolai

chapter 35|12 pages

Civil society and the state

ByLeah Gilbert

chapter 36|14 pages

Informal politics

ByAlena Ledeneva

chapter 37|13 pages

Corruption and organised crime in post-Soviet Russia 1

ByLeslie Holmes

chapter 38|12 pages

Russian nationalism

ByJules Sergei Fediunin

chapter 39|14 pages

Ethnic relations

ByHelge Blakkisrud

chapter 40|12 pages


ByThomas Bremer

part Part 5|35 pages

Foreign policy

chapter 42|10 pages

Russian security policy and outlook

ByGraeme P. Herd

chapter 43|11 pages

Russia's attitudes and policies toward Ukraine

ByDmitri Trenin

chapter 44|12 pages

Russia and Belarus

ByRasmus Nilsson

chapter 45|10 pages

Russia's foreign policy in Central Asia

In search of privileged partnership
ByKirill Nourzhanov

chapter 46|12 pages

The Kremlin's reverse democracy

Relations with the Caucasus region
ByLilia A. Arakelyan

chapter 47|11 pages

US–Russian relations

ByAngela Stent

chapter 48|13 pages

Russia and the European Union

The path to a strategic disengagement
ByAndrey Kortunov

chapter 49|11 pages

Russia and China

ByNatasha Kuhrt