India Migration Report 2021 presents a detailed study on the health of migrants. It highlights major healthcare challenges faced by migrant labourers, especially in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, which has forced authorities, policymakers and many other stakeholders to turn their attention to healthcare delivery unlike ever before.

Bringing to the fore the health status of the migrant population both before the pandemic and during the pandemic, the essays in this volume discuss

• the ease of access of migrant labourers to primary healthcare services;

• the safety challenges faced by migrant workers at their workplaces, their exposure to various physical and psychological health vulnerabilities, and prevalence of potentially malignant health disorders and mental health issues among migrant labourers;

• gendered access to healthcare, gender-based violence at workplaces and the gender-related perceptions on topics such as employment, decision-making and general attitude;

• the role of decentralization and local self-government institutions in enabling health systems to address health problems of migrants, government policies and programs aimed at providing welfare for return emigrants from the Gulf;

• the vulnerabilities migrant workers have encountered across the Indian states during the pandemic, with regards to food insecurity and psychological distress, and the type of support they received from various stakeholders.

The volume will be of interest to scholars and researchers of development studies, economics, demography, sociology and social anthropology, and migration and diaspora studies.


chapter 1|8 pages

Migration and health

Charting questions for future research

chapter 2|18 pages

Internal migrants' health in India

The need for inclusive policies and implementation

chapter 4|15 pages

Gender and the Migrant Experience of Seeking Healthcare

An Exploration using Narrative Analysis

chapter 5|7 pages

Migrants and health

A study of low-income migrants in Punjab and Assam

chapter 6|20 pages

Return migrants and the first wave of COVID-19

Results from the Vande Bharat returnees in Kerala

chapter 7|15 pages

Primary healthcare for labour migrants in India

The need for an inclusive policy

chapter 8|11 pages

Broken bricks

Health status of the seasonal migrant workers

chapter 12|13 pages

Building better migrant worker-health system interfaces

Noteworthy interventions from local self-government institutions in Kerala

chapter 13|19 pages

COVID-19 pandemic and interstate migrants

Documenting the response of health system and civil society

chapter 14|15 pages

What next for the COVID-19 return emigrants?

Findings from the Kerala return emigrant survey 2021

chapter 19|14 pages

Nexus of Social Remittances and Social Change

An Ethnographic Study of Impact of Gulf Migration on Linguistic Pattern of Migrants in Uttar Pradesh