This book investigates how extractive capitalism has developed over the past three decades, what dynamics of resistance have been deployed to combat it, and whether extractivism can ever be transformed into being a part of a progressive development path.

It was not until the 20th century that the extraction of natural resources and raw materials took on a decidedly capitalist form, with the global north extracting primary commodities from the global south as a means of capital accumulation. This book investigates whether extractivism, despite its well-documented negative and destructive socioenvironmental impacts and the powerful forces of resistance that it has generated, could ever be transformed into a sustainable post-development strategy. Drawing on diverse sectoral forms of extractivism (mining, fossil fuels, agriculture), this book analyses the dynamics of both the forces of resistance generated by the advance of extractive capital and alternate scenarios for a more sustainable and liveable future. The book draws particularly on the Latin American experience, where both the propensity of capitalism towards crisis and the development of resistance dynamics to ‘extractive’ capital have had their greatest impact in the neoliberal era.

This book will be of interest to researchers and students across development studies, economics, political economy, environmental studies, Indigenous studies, and Latin American affairs.

chapter |13 pages


part I|35 pages

The Contemporary Dynamics of Global Capitalism

part II|54 pages

Extractivism in the Mines and the Countryside

part III|54 pages

Towards a Sustainable Development Pathway

part IV|60 pages

Resistance on the Extractive Frontier

chapter 10|22 pages

Beyond Corporate Social Responsibility

New territorial management strategies for defeating community-based resistance to extractivism

chapter 11|16 pages

Communities in resistance

Forging a communitarian revolutionary subject

part V|82 pages

Post-Extractivist Alternatives

chapter 12|20 pages

Post-extractivist transitions

Concepts, sequences and examples

chapter 14|18 pages

Commune socialism

Self-management, popular power and autonomy in Venezuela

chapter 15|24 pages

Development beyond extractivism

Lessons and alternative pathways