This book focuses on education and power in Southeast Asia and analyzes the ways in which education has been instrumentalized by state, non-state, and private actors across this diverse region.

The book looks at how countries in Southeast Asia respond to the endogenous and exogenous influences in shaping their education systems. Chapters observe and study the interplay between education and power in Southeast Asia, which offers varying political, social, cultural, religious, and economic diversities. The political systems in Southeast Asia range from near consolidated democracy in Indonesia to illiberal democracy in Singapore and Thailand to the communist regime in Laos to absolute monarchy in Brunei. Structured in three parts, (i) centralization and decentralization, (ii) privatization and marketization, and (iii) equity and justice, these themes are discussed in single-country and/or multi-country studies in the Southeast Asian region.

Bringing together scholars from and focused on Southeast Asia, this book fills a gap in the literature on education in Southeast Asia.

chapter |10 pages


Exploring Power Dynamics in Education across Southeast Asia
ByRosalie Metro, Will Brehm, Azmil Tayeb

part I|72 pages

Centralization and Decentralization

chapter 121|18 pages

Mechanisms of Disempowerment

Interrogating Cultural Logics Producing the “Tiny Teacher” in Thailand's Education System
ByThornchanok Uerpairojkit

chapter 2|14 pages

The Influence of Global Education in Indonesia

PISA Tests, Different Conceptions of National Assessment and the Policymaking Process
ByRatih D. Adiputri

chapter 3|16 pages

Access to Higher Education in Areas of Contested Authority

The Case of Karen Students in the KNU-Controlled Areas in Myanmar
BySaw Than Min Htun, Sofie Mortensen

chapter 4|22 pages

Equilibrium and Conflict Paradigms in Language for Social and Educational Changes

A Case of English as Medium of Instruction in Indonesia
ByAnis Sundusiyah

part II|86 pages

Privatization and Marketization

chapter 845|16 pages

The Corporatization of Vietnam's Private Universities

ByQuang Chau, Nguyen Kim Dung

chapter 6|20 pages

Counting the Costs of Free Education

Shared Household and Government Costs in Cambodian Lower Secondary Education
ByAlexander Towne

chapter 7|12 pages

Neoliberalism Meets the Bumiputera Agenda

Student Debt and Higher Education in Malaysia
ByOoi Kok Hin

chapter 8|19 pages

Neoliberalism and the Privatization of Higher Education in Myanmar, Pre- and Post-Coup

“A Frame Based on a Fragile Foundation” 1
ByRosalie Metro

chapter 9|17 pages

Counter-Hegemonic Discourses and Responses to Neoliberal Restructuring and Neocolonial Education

A Critical Evaluation of K–12's Development and Implementation in the Philippines
ByGerry M. Lanuza, David Michael M. San Juan

part III|83 pages

Equity and Justice

chapter 17010|16 pages

The Scholars

Talent Management Techniques and Gender Inequality in State-Sponsored Scholarships
ByRebecca Ye, Erik Nylander

chapter 11|13 pages

Vocational Learning as Infrastructure in Vietnam

ByEva Fuhrmann

chapter 12|18 pages

Bringing Trans-Women “Back to Fitrah”

Islamic (Re)education/Rehabilitation Projects and Discourses in Malaysia
ByGreta Timea Biro

chapter 13|13 pages

Orang Asli Community Learning Centers and Indigenous Resurgence

ByRusaslina Idrus, Ita Bah Nan

chapter 14|21 pages

Network of Opportunity or Network of Inequality?

ByAnaliza Liezl Perez-Amurao