ABSTRACT

First Published in 1999. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

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The Magic Mountain

by Thomas Mann Der Zauberberg I924
ByThe Magic Mountain a Bildungsroman. The novel of educa-

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of Critical

Magic realism (also called magical realism) is a style or manner

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of the Latin American

Egyptian

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world-that is,

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Biography

United States

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If you

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Novels by Malamud

House by the Medlar Tree Southeast Asian Novel: Malaysia Molloy trilogy 1934- Australian
Byof Bernard

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Further Reading

German One of the most famous monographs in English on Thomas It combines the social re- tradition-with Renee Mauperin model-

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century-is thus,

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Mao Dun I896-I98I

Chinese

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Men in the Sun by Ghassan Kanafani

RijaI fi aI-shams I963 The modern Arabic novel has developed in a distinctly different

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Reading of

by Miguel Angel Asturias Hombres de maiz 1949 Writing in 1967, at the height of the boom of the Latin Ameri-
Byof Maize.

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Mertvye dushi. See Metafiction

Dead Souls

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Migrations by Milos Crnjanski

Seobe, I929, and Druga kniga Seoba, I962

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also George Eliot

Representation and Referentiality in the Novel Henry James, in "The Art of Fiction," remarked that "the only During the Renaissance, the concept of mimesis resurfaced

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of Narrative, Innocence of Intent, London: Macmillan, and Kingston,

by Victor-Marie Hugo 1862 When Victor Hugo published Les Miserables from exile in time-and a figure of considerable literary
Byof the Novel: Studies in Defoe, Richardson

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also Victor Hugo

Japanese Mishima Yukio's spectacular suicide by seppuku (the tradi-

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of the Angel, translated by

by Mongo Beti Mission terminee 1957 Mongo Beti has played an important role in the development

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of Modernism, Ithaca, New

Most
Byalso City and the Novel; Critics and Criticism (20th

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The Moonstone

by Wilkie Collins I868

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of Wax: Critical Essays

Italian Although generally regarded by CrItics as an existentialist an atmosphere poisoned by lies, by
Byof Alberto Moravia (I972), "first and fore-

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Toni Morrison I93I-

United States Toni Morrison acknowledged as the foremost writer of the

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Mr. Mani

by A.B. Yehoshua Mani I990
ByMr. Mani, A.B. Yehoshua's most innovative novel and an Is-

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A.B. Yehoshua

by Virginia Woolf
ByMrs. Dalloway the novel that established Virginia Woolf as a

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Alice Munro I93I-

Canadian Alice Munro is best known as a short-story iter: ince 1977 wr

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Further Reading

Fiction by Munro English
Byof Girls and Women, I97I

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Murphy by Samuel Beckett

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of Samuel

Austrian Robert Musil's true stature as a representative figure of literary

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The Mysteries of Paris

by Eugene Sue Les Mysteres de Paris I843
ByThe Mysteries of Paris was the most widely read and discussed of Paris was subsequently published in volume

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Na Drini cuprija. Bridge on the Drina

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Gift; Lolita

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Biography

I959 William Burroughs' Naked Lunch is infamous because of the

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R.K. Narayan 1906-

Indian R.K. Narayan's prolific literary career, which pans now s
Byof Nagaraj, and The Vendor of Sweets, the interrup-

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of Literature, Bloomington: Indiana

string-the text-is an actualization or instance of the narrative

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Natsume Soseki I867-I9I6

Japanese The decision of the Treasury of Japan to grace the 1,000 yen of Western modes of representation, and that ambivalence ap-

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Critics and Criticism (19th Century); English

945) Further Reading

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Nature Novel. Nausea

by Jean-Paul Sartre La Nausee 1938 When Nausea appeared, Jean-Paul Sartre was at an early point
BySee Environmental Novel

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Ngugi wa Thiong'o I938-

Kenyan
Byof Wheat represents an important transition

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of Wheat,

U.S.A. Trilogy New Journalism and the Nonfiction Novel Scandinavian Novel
Byaf Blood, 1977

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Nostromo by

Joseph Conrad

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learns-is dishonest. He is honest, he is trying to re-estab-

narrator-who for the entire text has been describing in

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Nuit sacree. Flora Nwapa

1931-93 Nigerian Flora Nwapa played a revolutionary role in African literature
BySee Sand Child, Sacred Night

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Oblomov

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Further Reading

Irish If Samuel Beckett could arrive into the world on Good Friday, it
ByAt Swim-Two-

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blow!-now!-your way is your only way-

good-bad-always honest." vision-of someone he loves usually."
ByOn the has become an archetypal vision of the outsider for generations

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of Masks, London: Athlone

George Meredith Further Reading Aphra Behn 1688 Aphra Behn turned to fiction writing only after a varied career Behn's otherwise scantily recorded life and as an accurate ac-
Byof Victorian Fiction, edited of George Meredith,

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Outlaws of the Marsh.

Six Classic Chinese Novels Outsider. Stranger Owls by Janet Frame I957 When Janet Frame began to write Owls Do Cry in the summer

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Janet Frame

It was Israeli Ever since the publication of his first collection of short stories,

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oz 969 Biography

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Pai Hsien-yung 1937-

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of the City thrives in the commercial town of Onitsha,

by Honore de Balzac With

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Georges Perec

1936-82 French

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Character; Diegesis and Diegetic Levels of Nar-

Jane Austen 1818 Jane Austen began Persuasion in 1815, although it was not pub-

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of Ideas, Oxford:

Latin American Novel: Peru by Andrei Belyi Peterburg 1916!I922 19II, P.B. Struve rejected the novel for publication in the

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Picaresque

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of the Novel, London: Edward Arnold,

Six Classic Chinese Novels The narrative term point of view derives from its ordinary non-

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of Fiction: Henry James, Lincoln:

The first Polish novels started appearing at about the same time

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of Power) and

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Protagonist. Marcel Proust 1871-1922

French Marcel Proust is best known as the novelist who exalted the in-
BySee Character

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Novels by Proust

c.K. Scott Moncrieff, 1922-3 I; Trial Polish
Byof Lost Time, revised

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Puerto Rican Novel. See Manuel Puig I932-90

Latin American Novel: Hispanic Caribbean; Latino-American Novel Argentine Mixed critical reactions have greeted Manuel Puig's novels in police reports, a palm reader's statements, obituaries, and so on.

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Aleksandr Pushkin 1799-1837

Russian

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Fran\ois Rabelais 1484?-I553

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Rene by Fran<;ois-Rene de Chateaubriand

I802
ByRene established Chateaubriand's literary reputation as the

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Samuel Richardson 1689-1761

English
Byof the Pleas and Pretensions of the Proprietors

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of Virtue and of Clarissa: Writing, Sexuality and

Canadian Jews-are fervent in their rejection
Byof the Youth

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Biography

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III4

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Further Reading

Six Classic Chinese Novels

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Il18

novel-the first works of fiction, which imitated French models,

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III9

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24

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II30

dungsroman; Critics and Criticism (r9th Century); En- (r800-40); (r800-50); glish Novel French Novel Genre Criticism; German Novel; Gothic Novel; Historical Nov- Austrian When joseph Roth's first novel was being serialized in a Vien-
BySee lso Adventure Novel d Imperial Romance; Bil-

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II3I

Biography
BySee also Radetzky March

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II32

Red and the Black 7'1-93 In the years just preceding the Franco-Prussian war of 1870,

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II35 of Desire: Authority and

1909-83 Canadian

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3 7 Rulin waishi. Salman Rushdie I947-

Six Classic Chinese Novels English

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Further Reading

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II44 1830-1855

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II49

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II50 1900-1945

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II52 1945-

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II56

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lI57

The Icelandic sagas are long prose narratives that were trans-
Bypod al-Unuthah, 1984

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II58 Scandinavian Novel

by Tahar Ben Jelloun L'Enfant du sable, I983, and La Nuit sacft!e, I987 Despite having authored a steady flow of distinguished texts have been conceived as one opus, in addition to which both were

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II59

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60

Further Reading I804-76 French From the enthusiasm generated by Indiana (r832) in the early

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II63

Six Classic Chinese Novels The first satirical novels were written in the 18th century, but,

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64

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II66

Henrik-just as well, since it turns out

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II72

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II73

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II74

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Il75

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II76

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II77

II and the experience of occupation and collabora-

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79

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lI80

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II82

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II86

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II90

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Il91

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II97

chapter |16 pages

II98

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Maurice Shadbolt 1932-

New Zealander Maurice Shadbolt is one of New Zealand's most popular and

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of the Dragon,

Further Reading J., editor, Ending the Silences: Critical Essays on Lebanese Hanan al-Shaykh, one of the leading contemporary women
Byof the Jew, 1986

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If I don't hear it as I want to, I might change all of it, and of Zahra,

It became [ten] letters." Chinese Shen Congwen was among the most resourceful founders of

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him"-

concept-that of human love. At the French Claude Simon published his first novel, Le Tricheur, in 1945.

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of Fiction: Narrative Strategies in the

chapter |8 pages

of the Traditional Chinese Novel, Lewiston, New

Barsetshire Novels Yukiguni- 937/4 In Kawabata Yasunari published under the title Yukiguni

chapter |20 pages

Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn 1918-

Russian In the 1960s and 1970S Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn produced a

chapter |3 pages

Further Reading Roman Smal-Stocki, The

Spatial Metaphors and Narrative, the Novel's Representation of Space, and the Space of the Book

chapter |1 pages

of Space, New

chapter |12 pages

Spanish Novel

chapter |3 pages

Gertrude Stein 1874-1946

United States
Byof Americans Stein went on to develop the of Americans, which she began in 1903 and published in of Americans describes the history of two American

chapter |3 pages

of Self-

Hermann Hesse Der Steppenwolf 1927 Hermann Hesse's novel Steppenwolf is a text of midlife in sev-

chapter |2 pages

of Laurence Sterne:

I8SO-94 Scottish When the young Robert Louis Stevenson, fresh from publish-

chapter |14 pages

Adalbert Stifter 1805-68

Austrian

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Subscription Libraries. Such Is Life by Joseph Furphy

Libraries It was Wales. This romantic story is not evident to Tom, although from

chapter |19 pages

Further Reading

by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Die Leiden des jungen Werthers 1774; revised edition 1787
Byof the Works of Young Werther im-

chapter |2 pages

Tale of Genji T....

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Biography

ideal-a graceful way of life that balanced Rangiku monogatari [Story of Tangled Chrysanthemums], 1949
Byof a Mad Old Man a radical and Rabelaisian af- of Desire: Tanizaki's Fictional Worlds,

chapter |4 pages

Terra Nostra by Carlos Fuentes

I975 One of the most important works of Latin American fiction, sists of a series of juxtapositions of the indigenous past with the It is similar in certain ways to
Byof Artemio Cruz), Terra Nostra an extremely organized

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of Luxury: Radical

Further Reading by Carlo Emilio Gadda Quer pasticciaccio brutto de via Merulana 1957

chapter 3|10 pages

Lives by Gertrude Stein

Gertrude Stein's Three Lives is a stylistically remarkable exam-

chapter |11 pages

Michel Tournier I924-

French Michel Tournier is something of a rarity among contemporary though it provides valuable insights into the

chapter |3 pages

Barsetshire Novels

chapter |5 pages

Turkish Novel

The development of the novel in Turkey has paralleled the de-

chapter |2 pages

Mark Twain I835-I9IO

United States From 1865, when he first announced his intention to pursue a order-i.e., humorous," until his

chapter |2 pages

Ulysses by James Joyce

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Miguel de Unamuno y Jugo I864-I936

Spanish Miguel de Unamuno was the most important writer of the so-

chapter |19 pages

J. and Maria Elena de

by Harriet Beecher Stowe I8S2

chapter |4 pages

I945-

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Untouchable by

Mulk Raj Anand I935

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chapter |4 pages

of Wakefield," English Literary History 62:2 (Summer H., The True Genius of Oliver Goldsmith,

Social Criticism Life, a User's Manual War and Peace Arouet] 1694-1778 French

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I4I2 Biography

chapter |1 pages

War and Peace

by Lev Toistoi Voina i mir 1863-69 intrigue-Tolstoi detest-

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I4I4 of Fiction, New York: Scribner, and

Representations of War in the Novel War It action-a whole war or

chapter II|2 pages

as a reflex of cultural anarchy. Heller's Catch-22 repre-

II3 members

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I4I9

Barsetshire Novels Six Classic Chinese Novels Sir Walter Scott I814 Walter Scott's Waverley; 'Tis Sixty Years Since important Lee to Sydney Owenson (Lady Morgan), from Clara Reeve to

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We by Evgenii Zamiatin

My 1924

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of Critical

English H.G. Wells published more than 100 works during his lifetime.
BySee Fortress Besieged

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Selected Fiction by Wells

chapter |3 pages

Western Novel. See American Western Novel Edith Wharton I862-I937

United States Edith Wharton is one of the most well known and renowned
Byof Mirth and of Innocence both explore the emergence of a new eco- of Mirth

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Patrick White 1912-90

Australian The first (and still the only) Australian to win the Nobel prize for two internationally acclaimed novels of the mid-1950S

chapter |4 pages

Virginia Woolf

1882-1941 English

chapter |1 pages

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chapter |2 pages

Xiao Hong 19II-42

chapter |10 pages

Yang ko. Rice Sprout Song A.B. Yehoshua

chapter |1 pages

Further Reading

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INDEXES

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chapter |19 pages

TITLE INDEX

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chapter |32 pages

GENERAL INDEX

chapter |77 pages

ISII

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NOTES

AND CONTRIBUTORS

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