Communication is the most complex and elevating achievement of human beings. Most people spend up to 70 percent of our waking hours engaged in some form of communication. Listening and responding to the messages of others occupies much of this time; the rest is taken up by talking, reading, and writing. An additional consideration is the rich assortment of nonverbal cues humans share, which also constitute a form of communication. All together, the stream of verbal and nonverbal information that bombards our senses is composed of as many as 2,000 distinguishable units of interaction in a single day. The kinds of interaction change constantly: morning greetings, cereal labels, bus signs, charts, traffic lights, hate stares, graffiti, coffee shop chat, gestures, laughter, and head nods: The themes are endless. All of this constitutes subject matter for the study of communication.The book seeks to acquaint students with a basic understanding of the process of human communication. The breadth and scope of subject matter is adaptable to a number of approaches to the first course in communication, whether theoretical, practical, contemporary, or traditional in orientation.The framework of this book introduces five topics of central interest to the field of communication theory. Part I describes the process of communication as it unfolds in face-to-face environments. Part II considers the symbolic significance of interpersonal behavior. Part III examines the organization of communicative acts and shows why human interactions tend to become more synchronous over time. Part IV explores the complex problem of understanding other people, demonstrating the tendency of understanding to become intersubjective. Part V accounts for the communicative significance of several basic human environments--communities, organizations, media, institutions, and culture.

part I|5 pages

The Translation of Human Events

chapter 1|21 pages

Communication: The Context of Change

ByDean C. Barnlund

chapter 2|12 pages

The Mathematics of Communication

ByWarren Weaver

chapter 3|8 pages


ByTheodore Clevenger Jr, Jack Matthews

chapter 4|11 pages

A Transactional Model of Communication

ByDean C. Barnlund

chapter 5|16 pages

Social Perception and Appraisal

ByGeorge J. Simmons, J. L. McCall

chapter 6|7 pages

Some Tentative Axioms of Communication

ByPaul Watzlawick, Janet Beavin, Don Jackson

part II|5 pages

The Symbolic Significance of Behavior

chapter 7|16 pages

Social Interaction in Everyday Life

ByPeter L. Berger, Thomas Luckmann

chapter 8|19 pages

The Nature of Symbolic Interactions

ByHerbert Blumer

chapter 9|16 pages

Symbolic Strategies

BySol Worth, Larry Gross

chapter 10|27 pages

Facial Engagements

ByErving Goffman

chapter 11|18 pages

When People Talk With People

ByJohn C. Condon Jr

chapter 12|11 pages

Language Within Language

ByAlbert Mehrabian

chapter 13|8 pages

Communication Without Words

ByAlbert Mehrabian

chapter 14|8 pages

Defensive Communication

ByJack R. Gibb

part III|4 pages

The Structure of Communicative Acts

chapter 15|13 pages

Communication Boundaries

ByErving Goffman

chapter 16|20 pages

Turn-Taking in Conversations

ByJohn M. Wiemann, Mark L Knapp

chapter 17|27 pages

Visual Behavior In Social Interaction

ByPhoebe C. Ellsworth, Linda M. Ludwig

chapter 18|20 pages

Hand Movements

ByPaul Ekman, Wallace V. Friesen

chapter 19|13 pages

The Significance of Posture in Communication Systems

ByAlbert Scheflin

chapter 20|29 pages

Communicative Silences: Forms and Functions

ByThomas J. Bruneau

part IV|4 pages

The Intersubjectivity of Understanding

chapter 21|6 pages

Understanding Ourselves

ByMichael Polanyi

chapter 22|13 pages

Interaction and Interexperience in Dyads

ByR. D. Laing, H. Phillipson, A. R. Lee

chapter 23|6 pages

Intersubjectvity and Understanding

ByAlfred Schutz

chapter 24|15 pages

Elements of the Interhuman 1

ByMartin Buber

part V|3 pages

The Environment of Communication

chapter 25|8 pages

Communication: The Flow of Information

ByDaniel Katz, Robert L Kahn

chapter 26|13 pages

The Medium Is The Message

ByMarshall McLuhan

chapter 27|17 pages

Intercultural Communication

ByEdward T. Hall, William Foote Whyte

chapter 28|13 pages

Adumbration As a Feature of Intercultural Communication

ByEdward T. Hall

chapter 29|17 pages

Man At The Mercy of Language

ByPeter Farb

chapter |1 pages


Edited ByC. David Mortensen