ABSTRACT

This best-selling text continues to fill an existing gap in the literature taught in applied ethics courses. As a growing number of courses that include the perspectives of diverse cultures are being added to the university curriculum, texts are needed that represent more multicultural and diverse histories and backgrounds. This new edition enhances gender coverage, as nearly half of the pieces are now authored by women. The new edition also increases the percentage of pieces written by those who come from a non-Western background. It offers twelve up-to-date articles (not found in previous editions) on human rights, environmental ethics, poverty, war and violence, gender, race, euthanasia, and abortion; all of these topics are addressed from Western and non-Western perspectives.

part I|51 pages

Theoretical Perspectives

chapter |8 pages

Utilitarianism

ByJohn Stuart Mill

chapter |6 pages

A Simplified Account of Kant's Ethics

ByOnora O’Neill

chapter |9 pages

A Theory of Justice

ByJohn Rawls

chapter |7 pages

On Virtue Ethics

ByRosalind Hursthouse

chapter |6 pages

Hindu Values

ByDebabrata Sen Sharma

chapter |9 pages

Images of Relationship

ByCarol Gilligan

chapter |2 pages

Study Questions

part II|67 pages

Human Rights

chapter |10 pages

Women's Rights as Human Rights

Toward a Re-Vision of Human Rights
ByCharlotte Bunch

chapter |14 pages

Civil-Political Rights or Social-Economic Rights for Africa?

A Comparative Ethical Critique of a False Dichotomy
BySimeon O. Ilesanmi

chapter |12 pages

Asian Justifications for Human Rights

ByDaniel A. Bell

chapter |9 pages

A Buddhist Response to the Nature of Human Rights

ByKenneth K. Inada

chapter |11 pages

Democracy as a Universal Value

ByAmartya Sen

chapter |2 pages

Study Questions

part III|59 pages

Hunger and Poverty

chapter |11 pages

Lifeboat Earth

ByOnora O’Neill

chapter |11 pages

Famine, Affluence, and Morality

ByPeter Singer

chapter |7 pages

Feeding the Hungry

ByJan Narveson

chapter |8 pages

Carrying Capacity as an Ethical Concept

ByGarrett Hardin

chapter |10 pages

Sex and Consequences

World Population Growth vs. Reproductive Rights
ByMargaret P. Battin

chapter |12 pages

Agricultural Biotechnology and Environmental Justice

Golden Rice as a Case Study
ByKristen Hessler

chapter |1 pages

Study Questions

part IV|67 pages

War, Terrorism, and Peace

chapter |9 pages

Just War Theory

ByDouglas P. Lackey

chapter |12 pages

Was the [Second] Iraq War a Just War?

BySteven Lee

chapter |11 pages

Terrorism and War

ByVirginia Held

chapter |13 pages

The Criminalization of Money Laundering and Terrorism in Global Contexts

A Hybrid Solution i
ByJill B. Delston

chapter |8 pages

A Women's Politics of Resistance

BySara Ruddick

chapter |11 pages

Letter from the Birmingham City Jail

ByMartin Luther King

chapter |1 pages

Study Questions

part V|52 pages

Racial and Ethnic Discrimination

chapter |10 pages

Philosophical and Social Implications of Race

ByNaomi Zack

chapter |12 pages

Racisms

ByKwame Anthony Appiah

chapter |6 pages

Affirmative Action

The Price of Preference
ByShelby Steele

chapter |7 pages

The Color-Blind Principle

ByBernard Boxill

chapter |2 pages

Study Questions

part VI|61 pages

Gender Roles and Morality

chapter |8 pages

Gender and Social Construction

Who? What? When? Where? How?
BySally Haslanger

chapter |9 pages

Intrinsic Inclinations

Explaining Gender and Sexual Diversity
ByJulia Serano

chapter |12 pages

Domestic Violence against Women and Autonomy

ByMarilyn Friedman

chapter |8 pages

The Case against Same-Sex Marriage

ByMaggie Gallagher

chapter |10 pages

Re-Thinking Civil Unions and Same-Sex Marriage

ByBrook J. Sadler

chapter |7 pages

Justice, Gender, and the Politics of Multiculturalism

BySarah Song

chapter |9 pages

Love and (Polygamous) Marriage?

A Liberal Case Against Polygamy
ByEmily M. Crookston

chapter |2 pages

Study Questions

part VII|63 pages

Abortion

chapter |8 pages

On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion

ByMary Anne Warren

chapter |7 pages

Why Abortion Is Immoral

ByDon Marquis

chapter |6 pages

Sensationalized Philosophy

A Reply to Marquis's “Why Abortion Is Immoral”
ByAnn E. Cudd

chapter |14 pages

When Prospective Parents Disagree

ByChristine Overall

chapter |8 pages

Contestation and Consensus

The Morality of Abortion in Japan
ByWilliam R. LaFleur

chapter |2 pages

Study Questions

part VIII|81 pages

Euthanasia, Sustaining, and Ending Life

chapter |5 pages

Active and Passive Euthanasia

ByJames Rachels

chapter |7 pages

The Intentional Termination of Life

ByBonnie Steinbock

chapter |10 pages

Assisted Suicide

The Philosophers' Brief
ByRonald Dworkin, Thomas Nagel, Robert Nozick, John Rawls, Thomas Scanlon, Judith Jarvis Thomson

chapter |5 pages

Objections to the Institutionalisation of Euthanasia

ByStephen G. Potts

chapter |16 pages

Euthanasia

The Way We Do It, the Way They Do It
ByMargaret P. Battin

chapter |16 pages

Gender, Feminism, and Death

Physician-Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia
BySusan M. Wolf

chapter |10 pages

Buddhist Views of Suicide and Euthanasia

ByCarl B. Becker

chapter |1 pages

Study Questions

part IX|71 pages

Environmental Ethics

chapter |11 pages

Intensive Livestock Farming

Global Trends, Increased Environmental Concerns, and Ethical Solutions
ByRamona Cristina Ilea

chapter |17 pages

Animals' Capacities and Moral Status

ByClare Palmer

chapter |9 pages

Faking Nature

ByRobert Elliot

chapter |5 pages

A “Good” Environment

Just One of the Set of Human Objectives
ByWilliam Baxter

chapter |13 pages

Women and Climate Change

A Case Study from Northeast Ghana
ByTrish Glazebrook

chapter |8 pages

Look to the Mountain: Reflections on Indigenous Ecology

ByGregory Cajete

chapter |1 pages

Study Questions