This textbook examines non-traditional forms of security and expands the notion of security to include non-state actors and non-human actors.
Proposing an expansive view of non-traditional forms of security that go beyond traditionally recognized issues of threats to state and national territory, this new textbook rests on the following premises:
- traditional state-centered threats, such as nuclear proliferation and espionage, remain a concern;
- old and new threats combine and create interlocking puzzles—a feature of wicked problems and wicked messes;
- because of the global erosion of borders, new developments of unconventional insecurity interact in ways that frustrate traditional conceptual definitions, conceptual maps, and national policies;
- unconventional security challenges which have traditionally been seen as "low politics" or "soft" issues are now being recognized as "hard security" challenges in the twenty-first century;
- many of the so-called "new" threats detailed here are in fact very old: diseases, gender violence, food insecurity, under-development, and crime are all traditional security threats, but deeply modified today by globalization.
The chapters offer local and global examples and engage with various theoretical approaches to help readers see the bigger picture. Solutions are also suggested to these problems. Each chapter contains discussion questions to help readers understand the key points and facilitate class discussion.
This book will be of great interest to students of international security studies, human security, global politics, and international relations.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
part I|2 pages
Ecosystems and natural resources
chapter 4|11 pages
Competition and cooperation in energy policies
part II|2 pages
Human security, community and gender issues
chapter 6|11 pages
chapter 9|13 pages
Push, pull and politics
part III|2 pages
Sub- and trans-state actors and forces: Disruptions and violence