All the world’s criminal justice systems need to undertake direct work with people who have come into their care or are under their supervision as a result of criminal offences. Typically, this is organized in penal and correctional services – in custody in prisons, or in the community, supervised by services such as probation. Bringing together international experts, this book is the go-to source for students, researchers, and practitioners in criminal justice, looking for a comprehensive and authoritative summary of available knowledge in the field.

Covering a variety of contexts, settings, needs, and approaches, and drawing on theory and practice, this Companion brings together over 90 entries, offering readers concise and definitive overviews of a range of key contemporary issues on working with offenders. The book is split into thematic sections and includes coverage of:

  • Theories and models for working with offenders
  • Policy contexts of offender supervision and rehabilitation
  • Direct work with offenders
  • Control, surveillance, and practice
  • Resettlement
  • Application to specific groups, including female offenders, young offenders, families, and ethnic minorities
  • Application to specific needs and contexts, such as substance misuse, mental health, violence, and risk assessment
  • Practitioner and offender perspectives
  • The development of an evidence base

This book is an essential and flexible resource for researchers and practitioners alike and is an authoritative guide for students taking courses on working with offenders, criminal justice policy, probation, prisons, penology, and community corrections.

chapter 1|3 pages

An introduction to The Routledge Companion to Rehabilitative Work in Criminal Justice

ByPamela Ugwudike, Peter Raynor

section Section 1|131 pages

Theories and models for working with offenders

chapter 2|10 pages

Conceptualizing rehabilitation

Four forms, two models, one process, and a plethora of challenges
ByFergus McNeill, Hannah Graham

chapter 3|12 pages

Promoting inclusion and citizenship?

Selective reflections on the recent history of the policy and practice of rehabilitation in England and Wales
ByMaurice Vanstone

chapter 4|12 pages

Should there be a right to rehabilitation?

ByRob Canton

chapter 5|12 pages

Human rights and rehabilitative work in criminal justice

ByChristine Morgenstern

chapter 6|10 pages

Retribution and rehabilitation

Taking punishment seriously in a humane society
ByDavid Hayes

chapter 7|13 pages

Restorative justice

A different approach to working with offenders and with those whom they have harmed
ByTim Chapman

chapter 8|11 pages

The evidence-based approach to correctional rehabilitation

Current status of the Risk-Need-Responsivity (RNR) model of offender rehabilitation
ByRonen Ziv

chapter 9|14 pages

An overview of the Good Lives Model

Theory and evidence
ByMayumi Purvis, Tony Ward

chapter 10|12 pages

Diversifying desistance research

ByHannah Graham, Fergus McNeill

chapter 11|9 pages

Doing justice to desistance narratives

ByKaren Johnson, Shadd Maruna

chapter 12|11 pages

Therapeutic justice and rehabilitation

ByMartine Herzog-Evans

section Section 2|70 pages

Policy contexts and cultures

chapter 13|12 pages

The ‘Transforming Rehabilitation’ agenda in England and Wales

Implications of privatization
ByMatthew Millings, Lol Burke, Gwen Robinson

chapter 14|14 pages

The rehabilitative prison

An oxymoron, or an opportunity to radically reform the way we do punishment?
ByYvonne Jewkes, Kate Gooch

chapter 15|12 pages

Rehabilitation and re-entry in Scandinavia

ByJohn Todd-Kvam, Thomas Ugelvik

chapter 16|14 pages

Using technology and digitally enabled approaches to support desistance

ByJason Morris, Hannah Graham

chapter 17|14 pages

Prisons, personal development, and austerity

ByAlison Liebling

section Section 3|61 pages

Assessment practice

chapter 18|10 pages

Risk and need assessment

Development, critics, and a realist approach
ByPeter Raynor

chapter 20|13 pages

The promises and perils of gender-responsivity

Risk, incarceration, and rehabilitation
ByKelly Struthers Montford, Kelly Hannah-Moffat

chapter 21|11 pages

Assessing risks and needs in youth justice

Key challenges
ByStephen Case, Kevin Haines

chapter 22|12 pages

Pre-sentence reports

Constructing the subject of punishment and rehabilitation
ByNiamh Maguire

section Section 4|245 pages

Direct work with offenders

chapter 23|14 pages

Examining community supervision officers’ skills and behaviours

A review of strategies for identifying the inner workings of face-to-face supervision sessions
ByNick Chadwick, Ralph C. Serin, Caleb D. Lloyd

chapter 24|11 pages

Motivational interviewing

Application to practice in a probation context
BySheena Norton

chapter 25|11 pages

Trauma-informed practices with youth in criminal justice settings

ByJill S. Levenson

chapter 26|10 pages

Building social capital to encourage desistance

Lessons from a veteran-specific project
ByKatherine Albertson, Lauren Hall

chapter 27|9 pages

Working with veterans and addressing PTSD

ByKelli E. Canada

chapter 28|10 pages

Pro-social modelling 1

ByChris Trotter

chapter 29|13 pages

Core Correctional Practice

The role of the working alliance in offender rehabilitation
ByStephen M. Haas, Jaclyn Smith

chapter 30|31 pages

Gut check

Turning experience into knowledge
ByHeather Toronjo

chapter 31|13 pages

Applications of psychotherapy in statutory domestic violence perpetrator programmes

Challenging the dominance of cognitive behavioural models
ByNicole Renehan

chapter 32|13 pages

Arts-based interventions in the justice system

ByLaura Caulfield, Ella Simpson

chapter 33|10 pages

The use of sport to promote employment, education, and desistance from crime

Lessons from a review of English and Welsh prisons
ByRosie Meek

chapter 34|13 pages

Violent offenders

Contemporary issues in risk assessment, treatment, and management
ByPhilip Birch, Jane L. Ireland

chapter 35|12 pages

Effective approaches to working with sex offenders

ByTim Warton

chapter 36|9 pages

‘Five-Minute Interventions’ in prison

Rehabilitative conversations with offenders
ByCharlene Pereria, Phillipa Evans

chapter 37|15 pages

The benefits of mindfulness-based interventions in the criminal justice system

A review of the evidence
ByKatherine M. Auty

chapter 38|14 pages

Mentoring in the justice system

ByGillian Buck

chapter 39|10 pages

The contribution of ex-service users

The life and death of a peer mentor employment rehabilitation programme
ByJohn Rico

chapter 40|10 pages

Co-producing outcomes with service users in the penal system

ByTrish McCulloch

chapter 41|12 pages

Victim-focused work with offenders

BySimon Green

section Section 5|91 pages

Overview: resettlement

chapter 42|13 pages

Preparing prisoners for release

Current and recurrent challenges
ByMike Maguire, Peter Raynor

chapter 43|12 pages

Prisoner re-entry in the United States

ByJohn Halushka

chapter 44|12 pages

Post-release residential supervision

ByKeir Irwin Rogers, Carla Reeves

chapter 45|16 pages

The health needs of people leaving prison

A new horizon to address
ByCraig Cumming

chapter 46|10 pages

Rights, advocacy, and transformation

ByCormac Behan

chapter 47|12 pages

Strengths-based re-entry and resettlement

ByThomas P. LeBel

section Section 6|247 pages

Application to specific groups

chapter 49|11 pages

More sinned against than sinning

Women’s pathways into crime and criminalization
ByGilly Sharpe

chapter 50|11 pages

What works with women offenders? An English and Welsh perspective

ByLoraine Gelsthorpe

chapter 51|18 pages

Gender-responsive approaches for women in the United States

ByNena P. Messina, Barbara E. Bloom, Stephanie S. Covington

chapter 52|14 pages

Women’s experiences of the criminal justice system

ByMegan Welsh

chapter 53|11 pages

Working with black and minority ethnic groups in the penal system

ByTheo Gavrielides

chapter 54|9 pages

‘Race’, rehabilitation, and offender management

ByBankole Cole, Paula McLean

chapter 55|8 pages

Hamlet’s dilemma

Racialization, agency, and the barriers to black men’s desistance
ByMartin Glynn

chapter 56|13 pages

Applications of risk prediction technologies in criminal justice

The nexus of race and digitized control
ByPamela Ugwudike

chapter 57|12 pages

Cultural competency in community corrections

ByJessica J. Wyse

chapter 58|11 pages

Responding to youth offending

Historical and current developments in practice
ByTim Bateman

chapter 59|14 pages

Youth justice in Wales

BySusan Thomas

chapter 60|12 pages

‘Rights-based’ and ‘Children and Young People First’

ByPatricia Gray

chapter 61|11 pages

Effective supervision of young offenders 1

ByChris Trotter

chapter 62|10 pages

Working with young people in prison

ByPhillipa Evans, Chris Trotter

chapter 63|11 pages

Prevention work with young people

ByAnne Robinson

chapter 64|13 pages

Realizing the potential of community reparation for young offenders

ByNicholas Pamment

chapter 65|12 pages

Foreign national prisoners

Precarity and deportability as obstacles to rehabilitation
BySarah Turnbull, Ines Hasselberg

chapter 66|10 pages

End of life in prison

Challenges for prisons, staff, and prisoners
ByMarina Richter, Ueli Hostettler, Irene Marti

chapter 67|13 pages

Older prisoners

A challenge for correctional services
BySusan Baidawi

chapter 69|10 pages

The impact of imprisonment on families

ByHelen Codd

section Section 7|58 pages

Control and surveillance

chapter 70|11 pages

Approaches to working with young people

Encouraging compliance
ByMairead Seymour

chapter 71|11 pages

Compliance during community-based penal supervision

ByPamela Ugwudike, Jake Phillips

chapter 72|12 pages

The impact of adjudications and discipline

ByFlora Fitzalan Howard

chapter 73|9 pages

Electronic monitoring and rehabilitation

ByKristel Beyens, Marijke Roosen

section Section 8|93 pages

The many hats of probation

chapter 75|11 pages

Probation worker identities

Responding to change and turbulence in community rehabilitation
ByAnne Worrall, Rob Mawby

chapter 76|14 pages

Probation values in England and Wales

Can they survive Transforming Rehabilitation?
ByJohn Deering

chapter 77|14 pages

Probation and parole – shaping principles and practices in the early 21st century

A US perspective
ByRonald P. Corbett, Edward E. Rhine

chapter 78|9 pages

How practitioners conceptualize quality

A UK perspective
ByGwen Robinson

chapter 79|15 pages

The balancing act of probation supervision

The roles and philosophies of probation officers in the evidence-based practice era
ByJill Viglione, Christina Burton, Sherah L. Basham

chapter 80|24 pages

Innovations to transform probation supervision

An examination of experiences across 11 US agencies
ByLina Marmolejo, James Byrne, Faye S. Taxman

section Section 9|42 pages

Lived experiences from the lens of individuals involved in the justice system and practitioners

chapter 81|8 pages

Experiencing community-based supervision

The pains of probation
ByIoan Durnescu

chapter 82|20 pages

Experiencing probation

Results from the Honest Opportunity Probation with Enforcement (HOPE) demonstration field experiment: US perspective
ByPamela K. Lattimore, Matthew DeMichele

chapter 83|9 pages

Pain, harm, and punishment

ByDavid Hayes

section Section 10|118 pages

The development of an evidence base

chapter 84|14 pages

Features of effective prison-based programmes for reducing recidivism

ByDominic A. S. Pearson

chapter 85|15 pages

Performance measure in community corrections

Measuring effective supervision practices with existing agency data 1
ByBrandy L. Blasko, Karen A. Souza, Brittney Via, Faye S. Taxman

chapter 86|9 pages

Visual methods and probation practice

ByNicola Carr

chapter 87|12 pages

Evaluating practice

Observation methods
ByKimberly R. Kras, Shannon Magnuson, Kimberly S. Meyer

chapter 88|13 pages

Evaluating women’s services

ByBridget Kerr

chapter 89|14 pages

Group programmes with offenders

ByEmma J. Palmer

chapter 90|10 pages

Evaluating group programmes

A question of design?
ByClive R. Hollin

chapter 91|13 pages

The lost narrative in carceral settings

Evaluative practices and methods to improve process and outcomes within institutions
ByDanielle S. Rudes, Kimberly S. Meyer, Shannon Magnuson

chapter 92|13 pages

Probation research, evidence, and policy

The British experience
ByPeter Raynor