This book aims to show the centrality of a proper ontology of properties in thinking about consciousness. Philosophers have long grappled with what is now known as the hard problem of consciousness, i.e., how can subjective or qualitative features of our experience—such as how a strawberry tastes—arise from brain states? More recently, philosophers have incorporated what seems like promising empirical research from neuroscience and cognitive psychology in an attempt to bridge the gap between measurable mental states on the one hand, and phenomenal qualities on the other. In Consciousness and the Ontology of Properties, many of the leading philosophers working on this issue, as well as a few emerging scholars, have written 14 new essays on this problem. The essays address topics as diverse as substance dualism, mental causation, the metaphysics of artificial intelligence, the logic of conceivability, constitution, extended minds, the emergence of consciousness, and neuroscience and the unity and neural correlates of consciousness, but are nonetheless unified in a collective objective: the need for a proper ontology of properties to understand the hard problem of consciousness, both on non-empirical and empirical grounds.

chapter |12 pages


ByMihretu P. Guta

part |94 pages

Ontology, Properties and Consciousness

chapter |9 pages

The Mystery of the Mystery of Consciousness

ByJohn Heil

chapter |15 pages

Physical Properties

ByAlexer D. Carruth

chapter |14 pages

A Powerful New Anomalous Monism

ByHenry Taylor

chapter |14 pages

What We Conceive of When We Conceive of Zombies

ByDonnchadh O’Conaill

chapter |18 pages

The Metaphysics of Artificial Intelligence

ByEric T. Olson

chapter |22 pages

Substance Dualism

The Best Account of the Unity of Consciousness
ByJ. P. Morel

part |45 pages

Ontology, Emergence and Consciousness

chapter |17 pages

Explaining the Ontological Emergence of Consciousness

ByPhilip Woodward

part |34 pages

Mental Causation and Consciousness

chapter |19 pages

Mental Causation and Counterfactuals

A New Argument for the Type-Identity Thesis
ByJosé Luis Bermúdez, Arnon Cahen

chapter |13 pages

Mental Causation Is Really Mental Causation

ByRichard Swinburne

part |34 pages

Extended Mind, Constitution and Consciousness

chapter |18 pages

Extended Mind and the Authority of Consciousness

ByAdam Green

chapter |14 pages

New Mechanisms and the Enactivist Concept of Constitution

ByShaun Gallagher

part |40 pages

Neuroscience and Consciousness