In 1962, a 15-year-old Arizona boy named Gerald Gault may or may not have made a lewd phone call to a neighbor. Gerald was arrested, prosecuted, removed from his parents’ custody, and sent to a juvenile prison, all without legal representation. Gerald’s mother’s outrage at the treatment of her son eventually propelled the case to the United States Supreme Court. With its sweeping 1967 decision in In re Gault, the Court revolutionized the American juvenile court system by finding that children charged with delinquency have a constitutional right to counsel.

This anthology, which commemorates the fiftieth anniversary of the Gault decision, blends, across its three parts, legal and historical analyses, oral history, and personal narrative to provide an overview of modern Supreme Court juvenile justice jurisprudence, the advocates and organizations that defend children in juvenile court, the role these lawyers have played in the fight for justice for accused children, and the contemporary challenges facing juvenile defenders and their clients. The authors are leading juvenile justice reformers, advocates, and scholars, all of whom have been deeply involved in shaping modern juvenile justice policy and practice and most of whom have represented children in juvenile court.

This book is for everyone concerned about justice in America. The personal narratives about children in the system will intrigue students and academics, engage lay individuals who are interested in children’s rights, and guide professionals, legislators, and other policymakers involved in juvenile justice reform and criminology.

part I|75 pages

Gault: then and 50 years later

part II|108 pages

Juvenile defense: models of representation

chapter 6|15 pages

Gault’s ripple effect: the founding of Juvenile Law Center

ByRobert Schwartz

chapter 7|14 pages

Specializing in juvenile defense: the D.C. Public Defender Service as a case study

ByKristin Henning, Randy Hertz, Hannah McElhinny

chapter 8|26 pages

The role of law school clinics in implementing the Gault decision

ByWallace Mlyniec, Meghan Strong

part III|101 pages

Challenges and reform

chapter 12|18 pages

Pride and prejudice: juvenile defenders for racial justice 50 years after Gault

ByKristin Henning, Erin Keith

chapter 14|25 pages

No more “desert Devil’s Island”: the right to counsel for incarcerated children

ByLaura Cohen, Sandra Simkins

chapter 15|17 pages

Gault at 50: what juvenile defenders can do to dismantle the youth prison model

ByLiz Ryan, Carmen Daugherty

chapter 16|16 pages

Busting the “juvenile super-predator” myth

ByLaura Cohen, Jane Spinak