The turn of the twentieth century witnessed the birth of two distinct philosophical schools in Europe: analytic philosophy and phenomenology. The history of 20th-century philosophy is often written as an account of the development of one or both of these schools, as well as their overt or covert mutual hostility. What is often left out of this history, however, is the relationship between the two European schools and a third significant philosophical event: the birth and development of pragmatism, the indigenous philosophical movement of the United States. Through a careful analysis of seminal figures and central texts, this book explores the mutual intellectual influences, convergences, and differences between these three revolutionary philosophical traditions. The essays in this volume aim to show the central role that pragmatism played in the development of philosophical thought at the turn of the twentieth century, widen our understanding of a seminal point in the history of philosophy, and shed light on the ways in which these three schools of thought continue to shape the theoretical agenda of contemporary philosophy.

chapter |19 pages

Philosophy in the Twentieth Century

The Mingled Story of Three Revolutions

part I|164 pages

Early Encounters

chapter 1|14 pages

Husserl and Wittgenstein

Two Very Different, but Potentially Complementary Readings of William James

chapter 2|28 pages

How to Marry Phenomenology and Pragmatism

Scheler’s Proposal

chapter 3|21 pages

Pragmatic and Analytic Evasions of Idealism

James and Wittgenstein on Conduct and Practice

chapter 4|24 pages

Other Minds and God

Russell and Stout on James and Schiller

chapter 7|17 pages

Wittgenstein and Pragmatism

A Neglected Remark in Manuscript 107 (1930)

part II|103 pages

Later Encounters

chapter 8|16 pages

The Pragmatic Origins of Ethical Expressivism

Stevenson, Dewey, and the International Encyclopedia of Unified Science

chapter 9|25 pages

The Analytic Pragmatist Conception of the A Priori

C. I. Lewis and Wilfrid Sellars

chapter 10|23 pages

In Defense of Wishful Thinking

James, Quine, Emotions, and the Web of Belief

chapter 12|19 pages

Phenomenology and Pragmatism

Two Interactions. From Horizontal Intentionality to Practical Coping