For more than a generation after World War II, offi cial government doctrine and many Austrians insisted they had been victims of Nazi aggression in 1938 and, therefore, bore no responsibility for German war crimes. During the past twenty years this myth has been revised to include a more complex past, one with both Austrian perpetrators and victims.Part one describes soldiers from Austria who fought in the German Wehrmacht, a history only recently unearthed. Richard Germann covers units and theaters Austrian fought in, while Th omas Grischany demonstrates how well they fought. Ela Hornung looks at case studies of denunciation of fellow soldiers, while Barbara Stelzl-Marx analyzes Austrian soldiers who were active in resistance at the end of the war. Stefan Karner summarizes POW treatment on the Eastern front. Part two deals with the increasingly diffi cult life on the Austrian homefront. Fritz Keller takes a look at how Vienna survived growing food shortages. Ingrid Bhler takes a rare look at life in small-town Austria. Andrea Strutz analyzes narratives of Jewish refugees forced to leave for the United States. Peter Ruggenthaler and Philipp Lesiak examine the use of slave laborers. And Brigitte Kepplinger summarizes the Nazi euthanasia program.The third part deals with legacies of the war, particularly postwar restitution and memory issues. Based on new sources from Soviet archives, Nikita Petrov describes the Red Army liberation. Winfried Garscha analyzes postwar war crimes trials against Austrians. Brigitte Bailer-Galanda and Eva Blimlinger present a survey of postwar restitution of property. And Heidemarie Uhl deals with Austrian memories of the war.

part |28 pages


chapter |3 pages

World War II Studies and Austria

ByGerhard L. Weinberg

part |106 pages

I. Soldiers

part |68 pages

III. War Crimes/Crimes Against Humanity

chapter |17 pages

Split Lives: Memories and Narratives of Austrian Jewish Refugees

ByAndrea Strutz

chapter |24 pages

The Utilization of Slave Labor in the Danube and Alpine Gaue*

ByPeter Ruggenthaler, Philipp Lesiak

chapter |26 pages

The National Socialist Euthanasia Program in Austria: Aktion T4*

ByBrigitte Kepplinger

part |86 pages

IV. The Aftermath: Occupation, Restitution, Memory

chapter |19 pages

Restitution and Compensation of Property in Austria 1945-2007

ByBrigitte Bailer-Galanda and Eva Blimlinger

chapter |6 pages

Review Essays

“Elementary Event” as “Summer Festival with Prize-Shooting”: How and Why the Austrian Nazis Blew Their First Take-Over Attempt in July 1934
BySiegfried Beer

chapter |5 pages

Austrian Histories

ByTim Kirk

chapter |4 pages

Book Review

Gerald Stourzh, From Vienna to Chicago and Back: Essays on Intellectual History and Political Thought in Europe and America (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2007)
BySamuel R. Williamson

chapter |7 pages

Annual Review

ByReinhold Gärtner