This volume, offers the thoughts of twenty scholars on the theory, history, and practice of representation. Two developments make a new appraisal of this subject timely. One is the decision of the United States Supreme Court requiring representation to be democratic in the sense of affording every voter an equal voice in government. The other, that some governments that are not democratic, in the sense of having freely competitive political parties, are now,nevertheless, "representative."

part |51 pages

The Concept of Representation

chapter 1|25 pages

Political Representation: an Overview

ByJ. Roland Pennock

chapter 2|10 pages

Practical Representation

ByB. J. Diggs

chapter 3|5 pages

Commentary: The Paradox of Representation

ByHanna Pitkin

chapter 4|6 pages

Commentary: Representation and the Problem of Identity

ByJulius Cohen

chapter 5|3 pages

Two Notes on Representation

ByWilliam K. Frankena

part |39 pages

Historical Discussion

chapter 6|28 pages

Modern and Medieval Representation

ByHarvey C. Mansfield

part |35 pages

The Theory of Representation

part |67 pages

Constitutional Decisions and the Theory of Representation

chapter 10|13 pages

Representation in Law and Equity

ByCharles L. Black

chapter 11|6 pages

Black on Representation: A Question

ByStuart M. Brown

chapter 12|5 pages

Political Parties in the Normative Theory of Representation

ByDonald E. Stokes

chapter 13|12 pages

Standards for Representative Selection and Apportionment

ByLewis A. Dexter

part |29 pages

Weighted Voting and the Theory of Representation

chapter 15|18 pages

Weighted Voting: A Mathematical Analysis for Instrumental Judgments

ByWilliam H. Riker, Lloyd S. Shapley

chapter 16|9 pages

Weighted Voting and “One-Man, One-Vote”

ByRobert Nozick

part |30 pages

Extra-Elective Representation

chapter 17|28 pages

The Bureaucracy as Representatives

ByJoseph P. Witherspoon

part |61 pages

Representation Under Noncompetitive Party Systems

chapter 19|40 pages

Notes for a Theory of Nondemocratic Representation

ByDavid E. Apter