The Routledge Handbook of Turkish Politics pulls together contributions from many of the world’s leading scholars on different aspects of Turkey.

Turkey today  is going through possibly the most turbulent period in its history, with major consequences both nationally and internationally. The country looks dramatically different from the Republic founded by Atatürk in 1923. The pace of change has been rapid and fundamental, with core interlinked changes in ruling institutions, political culture, political economy, and society. Divided into six main parts, this Handbook provides a single-source overview of Turkish politics:

  • Part I: History and the making of Contemporary Turkey
  • Part II: Politics and Institutions
  • Part III: The Economy, Environment and Development
  • Part IV: The Kurdish Insurgency and Security
  • Part V: State, Society and Rights
  • Part VI: External Relations

This comprehensive Handbook is an essential resource for students of Politics, International Relations, International/Security Studies with an interest on contemporary Turkey.

chapter |10 pages


part I|2 pages

History and the making of contemporary Turkey

chapter 1|14 pages

Turkish politics

12Structures and dynamics

chapter 3|18 pages

Turkish secularism

Looking forward and beyond the West

chapter 5|12 pages

The politics of Turkish nationalism

Continuity and change

part II|2 pages

Politics and institutions

chapter 7|12 pages

The presidency in Turkish politics

From independence to the AKP

chapter 8|11 pages

Civil–military relations

chapter 9|12 pages

NGOs and civil society

chapter 10|11 pages

The media and media policy

part III|2 pages

The economy, environment, and development

chapter 11|12 pages

Political economy

chapter 12|14 pages

Energy security and policy

Between bandwagoning and hedging

chapter 14|12 pages

The economic role of cities

part IV|2 pages

The Kurdish insurgency and security

chapter 17|11 pages

The Kurdish question

chapter 18|11 pages

The Kurdish insurgency

chapter 21|9 pages

The village guard system

Counter-insurgency and local collaboration 1

part V|2 pages

State, society, and rights

chapter 23|16 pages

Human rights 1

chapter 25|11 pages

Religious minorities

chapter 26|10 pages

Religious education

chapter 27|16 pages

The transformation of health and healthcare

Transitioning from consuming healthcare to producing and maintaining health 1

part VI|2 pages

External relations

chapter 28|11 pages

Foreign policy, 1923–2018

chapter 30|10 pages

Turkey and its neighbours in the Middle East

Iran, Iraq, and Syria

chapter 31|12 pages

US–Turkish relations in turmoil

chapter 32|12 pages

Turkey and Russia 1

chapter 35|13 pages

Turkey–NATO relations

Strategic imperatives, identity-building, and predicaments

chapter 38|10 pages