A Handbook of Process Tracing Methods demonstrates how to better understand decision outcomes by studying decision processes, through the introduction of a number of exciting techniques. Decades of research have identified numerous idiosyncrasies in human decision behavior, but some of the most recent advances in the scientific study of decision making involve the development of sophisticated methods for understanding decision process—known as process tracing. In this volume, leading experts discuss the application of these methods and focus on the best practices for using some of the more popular techniques, discussing how to incorporate them into formal decision models.

This edition has been expanded and thoroughly updated throughout, and now includes new chapters on mouse tracking, protocol analysis, neurocognitive methods, the measurement of valuation, as well as an overview of important software packages. The volume not only surveys cutting-edge research to illustrate the great variety in process tracing techniques, but also serves as a tutorial for how the novice researcher might implement these methods.

A Handbook of Process Tracing Methods will be an essential read for all students and researchers of decision making.

chapter |3 pages


ByMichael Schulte-Mecklenbeck, Anton Kühberger, Joseph G. Johnson

chapter 1|23 pages

Eye Fixations as a Process Trace

ByJ. Edward Russo

chapter 2|18 pages

Pervasive Eye-Tracking for Real-World Consumer Behavior Analysis

ByAndreas Bulling, Michel Wedel

chapter 3|8 pages

Investigating Pupil Dilation in Decision Research

ByJoseph Tao-yi Wang, Wei James Chen

chapter 4|12 pages

A Primer on Eye-Tracking Methodology for Behavioral Science

ByJacob L. Orquin, Kenneth Holmqvist

chapter 5|11 pages

Increasing Reproducibility of Eye-Tracking Studies

The EyeGuidelines
BySusann Fiedler, Michael Schulte-Mecklenbeck, Frank Renkewitz, Jacob L. Orquin

chapter 6|20 pages

(Re)Visiting the Decision Factory

Observing Cognition with MouselabWEB
ByMartijn C. Willemsen, Eric J. Johnson

chapter 7|15 pages

Comparing Process Tracing Paradigms

Tracking Attention via Mouse and Eye Movements
ByAna M. Franco-Watkins, Hayden K. Hickey, Joseph G. Johnson

chapter 8|20 pages


A Practical Guide to Implementation and Analysis 1
ByPascal J. Kieslich, Felix Henninger, Dirk U. Wulff, Jonas M. B. Haslbeck, Michael Schulte-Mecklenbeck

chapter 9|15 pages


Detecting Types in Movement Trajectories
ByDirk U. Wulff, Jonas M. B. Haslbeck, Pascal J. Kieslich, Felix Henninger, Michael Schulte-Mecklenbeck

chapter 10|15 pages

Mouse-Tracking to Understand Real-Time Dynamics of Social Cognition 1

ByBenjamin S. Stillerman, Jonathan B. Freeman

chapter 11|23 pages

Measuring Electrodermal Activity and its Applications in Judgment and Decision-Making Research

ByBernd Figner, Ryan O. Murphy, Paul Siegel

chapter 12|14 pages

Response Times as Identification Tools for Cognitive Processes Underlying Decisions

ByMario Fifić, Joseph W. Houpt, Jörg Rieskamp

chapter 13|19 pages

A Practical Guide for Automated Facial Emotion Classification 1

BySabrina Stöckli, Michael Schulte-Mecklenbeck, Stefan Borer, Andrea C. Samson

chapter 15|15 pages

Decision Neuroscience

fMRI Insights into Choice Processes 1
ByVinod Venkatraman, Crystal Reeck

chapter 16|21 pages

Probing the Decisional Brain with Noninvasive Brain Stimulation 1

ByNadège Bault, Elena Rusconi, Giorgio Coricelli

chapter 17|16 pages

Verbal Reports and Decision Process Analysis

ByRob Ranyard, Ola Svenson

chapter 18|16 pages

Thinking Aloud during Superior Performance on Tasks Involving Decision Making 1

ByK. Anders Ericsson, Jerad H. Moxley

chapter 19|11 pages

Tracking Free Information Access

The Method of Active Information Search 1
ByOswald Huber, Anton Kühberger, Michael Schulte-Mecklenbeck

chapter 20|13 pages

Uncovering the Anatomy of Search Without Technology 1

ByDirk U. Wulff, Ralph Hertwig

chapter 21|15 pages

Process Tracing, Sampling, and Drift Rate Construction 1

ByNeil Stewart, Timothy L. Mullett

chapter 22|15 pages

Using Multiple Methods to Elicit Choices and to Identify Strategies 1

ByUlrich Hoffrage, Nils Reisen

chapter 24|14 pages

Using Process Tracing Data to Define and Test Process Models 1

ByJoseph G. Johnson, Mary E. Frame