How do educators and activists in today’s struggles for change use historical materials from earlier periods of organizing for political education? How do they create and engage with independent and often informal archives and debates? How do they ultimately connect this historical knowledge with contemporary struggles?

Reflections on Knowledge, Learning and Social Movements aims to advance the understanding of relationships between learning, knowledge production, history and social change. In four sections, this unique collection explores:


• Engagement with activist/movement archives

• Learning and teaching militant histories

• Lessons from liberatory and anti-imperialist struggles

• Learning from student, youth and education struggles


Six chapters foreground insights from the breadth and diversity of South Africa’s rich progressive social movements; while others explore connections between ideas and practices of historical and contemporary struggles in other parts of the world including Argentina, Iran, Britain, Palestine, and the US.

Besides its great relevance to scholars and students of Education, Sociology, and History, this innovative title will be of particular interest to adult educators, labour educators, archivists, community workers and others concerned with education for social change.

chapter |17 pages

History’s schools

Past struggles and present realities
ByAziz Choudry, Salim Vally

part I|51 pages

Engaging with activist/movement archives

chapter 1|21 pages

Working with the past

Making history of struggle part of the struggle
ByAndrew Flinn

chapter 2|13 pages

Learning from the Alexander Defence Committee archives

ByArchie L. Dick

chapter 3|15 pages

A lost tale of the student movement in Iran

ByMahdi Ganjavi, Shahrzad Mojab

part II|46 pages

Learning and teaching militant histories

chapter 4|15 pages

Immediate history as personal history

The militant as a historian
ByPablo Pozzi

chapter 6|13 pages

African history in context

Toward a praxis of radical education
ByKoni Benson, Asher Gamedze, Akosua Koranteng

part III|69 pages

Lessons from liberatory and anti-imperialist struggles

chapter 7|15 pages

Tracking the states and the UN

From an Indigenous centre
BySharon H. Venne, Irene Watson

chapter 8|15 pages

The legacy of the Palestinian revolution

Reviving organising for the next generation
ByAkram Salhab

chapter 9|19 pages

‘An act of struggle in the present’

History, education and political campaigning by South Asian anti-imperialist activists in the UK
ByAnandi Ramamurthy, Kalpana Wilson

chapter 10|18 pages

Learning in struggle

An activist’s view of the transition from apartheid to democracy in South Africa
ByTrevor Ngwane

part IV|66 pages

Learning from student, youth and education struggles

chapter 11|16 pages

Alternative education

Examining past experiences critically
ByEnver Motala

chapter 12|18 pages

Over the rainbow

Third World studies against the neoliberal turn
ByRobin D. G. Kelley

chapter 13|14 pages

Alternative imaginaries on US campuses

Revisiting the origins of Black Studies
ByMartha Biondi

chapter 14|16 pages

Remixing past and present struggles

Cultural activism in the Western Cape, South Africa
ByEmile YX Jansen, Paul Hendricks