ABSTRACT

No society can escape population ageing. This demographic phenomenon has profound social consequences on the lifestyles of individuals and societies. In the light of the accelerated ageing of the Mediterranean area, the analyses which inform this work aim to understand how the age-related policies of Nation-States are partly responsible for the behaviours of the generations. They also highlight how the lifestyle changes are the result of trends which are common to these societies. The Mediterranean area constructed here by the researchers offers an in-depth reflection on the national cases presented, in terms of their specificities or societal singularities, as well as of their dynamics of convergence.

Drawing on empirical research in sociology, demography, geography and economics, exploiting the most recent data available and setting the present in historical perspective, Ageing, Lifestyles and Economic Crises studies Mediterranean societies in relation to three major challenges which they now confront. These are: population ageing and its implications in terms of intergenerational family support relationships; increasingly insecure adult professional trajectories and their consequences for the evolution of social gender roles, in an economic context commonly referred to as a 'crisis'; and lastly the role of Nation-States' public policies in the social reproduction of these gender inequalities.

These three issues are the keystone to understanding the ongoing transformations in the lifestyles and life cycles of Mediterranean societies. This volume marshals a wealth of recent data that will be useful not only to many academics and scientists but also to local and national policy-makers.

chapter |7 pages

Introduction: The Mediterranean area

A total social context
ByThierry Blöss

part I|94 pages

Mediterranean disparities and convergences

chapter |8 pages

Introduction

Population ageing: convergences and uncertainties in the Mediterranean
ByIsabelle Blöss-Widmer, Elena Ambrosetti, Sébastien Oliveau

chapter 1|19 pages

An overview of demographic ageing in Italy

Past, present, and expected evolution
ByGiorgia Capacci, Francesca Rinesi

chapter 2|26 pages

Demographic transitions, ageing and ‘the great recession’ in Spain 1

ByFrancisco Zamora López, Noelia Cámara, Laura Barrios, Alain Parant, Margarita Delgado

chapter 3|17 pages

From multifaceted transition to rapid ageing

Morocco at the dawn of a new era
ByMuriel Sajoux

chapter 4|20 pages

Half a century of ageing in France

Dynamics and specificities of the Mediterranean coastline
ByYoann Doignon, Isabelle Blöss-Widmer, Sébastien Oliveau

part II|84 pages

Contours of familial solidarities and change in multigenerational societies in the Mediterranean

chapter |11 pages

Introduction

‘The problem’ of family solidarities in Mediterranean societies
ByThierry Blöss, Michèle Pagès

chapter 5|17 pages

Public policies towards the family in Italy

An analysis of the evolution of the Italian welfare state and its impact on gender and generations
ByElena Ambrosetti, Donatella Strangio

chapter 6|14 pages

Households of the elderly in Spain

Between solitude and family solidarities
ByFrancisco Zamora López, Laura Barrios, Irene Lebrusan, Alain Parant, Margarita Delgado

chapter 7|14 pages

Family solidarities and old age in Morocco

New realities, new challenges
ByMuriel Sajoux, Mohammed Amar

chapter 8|24 pages

Family mutual support in multigenerational France

Social classes, generations and gender: memberships in question
ByThierry Blöss, Isabelle Blöss-Widmer, Michèle Pagès

part III|86 pages

Uncertainties in gender relations in the Mediterranean

chapter |6 pages

Introduction

Age, gender and social trajectories: the uneven emancipation of women in Mediterranean societies
ByThierry Blöss, Elena Ambrosetti

chapter 9|30 pages

The gender gap at home and in the labour market

The case of Italy 1
BySerena Arima, Pietro Demurtas, Alessandra De Rose, Maria Herica La Valle, Adele Menniti, Maria Rita Sebastiani

chapter 10|15 pages

Gender inequalities, paid work and family formation in Spain

ByMarta Domínguez Folgueras, María José González, Irene Lapuerta

chapter 11|13 pages

Morocco between women’s emancipation and reproduction of gender inequalities

ByMohammed Amar, Ilham Dkhissi