The Routledge Companion to Smart Cities explores the question of what it means for a city to be ‘smart’, raises some of the tensions emerging in smart city developments and considers the implications for future ways of inhabiting and understanding the urban condition. The volume draws together a critical and cross-disciplinary overview of the emerging topic of smart cities and explores it from a range of theoretical and empirical viewpoints.

This timely book brings together key thinkers and projects from a wide range of fields and perspectives into one volume to provide a valuable resource that would enable the reader to take their own critical position within the topic. To situate the topic of the smart city for the reader and establish key concepts, the volume sets out the various interpretations and aspects of what constitutes and defines smart cities. It investigates and considers the range of factors that shape the characteristics of smart cities and draws together different disciplinary perspectives. The consideration of what shapes the smart city is explored through discussing three broad ‘parts’ – issues of governance, the nature of urban development and how visions are realised – and includes chapters that draw on empirical studies to frame the discussion with an understanding not just of the nature of the smart city but also how it is studied, understood and reflected upon.

The Companion will appeal to academics and advanced undergraduates and postgraduates from across many disciplines including Urban Studies, Geography, Urban Planning, Sociology and Architecture, by providing state of the art reviews of key themes by leading scholars in the field, arranged under clearly themed sections.

chapter 1|12 pages


ByKatharine S. Willis, Alessandro Aurigi

part Part I|162 pages

Smart city governance

part Section 1|76 pages

Urban governance, data and participatory infrastructure

chapter 2|12 pages

A city is not a computer

ByShannon Mattern

chapter 3|13 pages

Bias in urban research

From tools to environments
ByMark Shepard

chapter 4|9 pages

Urban science

Prospect and critique
ByRob Kitchin

chapter 5|10 pages

Defining smart cities

High and low frequency cities, big data and urban theory
ByMichael Batty

chapter 6|13 pages

Digital information and the right to the city

ByJoe Shaw, Mark Graham

chapter 7|17 pages

Shaping participatory public data infrastructure in the smart city

Open data standards and the turn to transparency
ByTim Davies

part Section 2|84 pages

Governing, inclusion and smart citizens

chapter 8|16 pages

Towards an agenda of place, local agency-based and inclusive smart urbanism

ByNancy Odendaal, Alessandro Aurigi

chapter 9|14 pages

Governmentality and urban control

ByRob Kitchin, Claudio Coletta, Gavin McArdle

chapter 10|21 pages

How smart is smart city Lagos?

ByTaibat Lawanson, Olamide Udoma-Ejorh

chapter 11|13 pages

Smart citizens in Amsterdam

An alternative to the smart city
ByJudith Veenkamp, Frank Kresin, Max Kortlander

chapter 12|18 pages

Governing technology-based urbanism

Technocratic governance or progressive planning?
ByChiara Garau, Giulia Desogus, Paola Zamperlin

part Part II|103 pages

Smart city development

part Section 1|62 pages

Creative, smart or sustainable?

chapter 13|21 pages

Will the real smart city please stand up?

Intelligent, progressive or entrepreneurial?
ByRobert G. Hollands

chapter 14|10 pages

Smart to green

Smart eco-cities in the green economy
ByFederico Caprotti

chapter 15|15 pages

Towards ethical legibility

An inclusive view of waste technologies
ByDietmar Offenhuber

chapter 16|14 pages

Stand up please, the real Sustainable Smart City

ByC. William, R. Webster, Charles Leleux

part Section 2|39 pages

Citizen science and co-production

chapter 17|13 pages

Sharing in smart cities

What are we missing out on?
ByChristopher T. Boyko, Serena Pollastri, Claire Coulton, Nick Dunn, Rachel Cooper

chapter 18|8 pages

Taxonomy of environmental sensing in smart cities

ByChristian Nold

chapter 19|16 pages

Co-creating sociable smart city futures

ByIngrid Mulder, Justien Marseille

part Part III|150 pages

Smart city visions

part Section 1|68 pages

Urban planning, city models and smart storytelling

chapter 20|18 pages

Smart cities as corporate storytelling

ByOla Söderström, Till Paasche, Francisco Klauser

chapter 21|11 pages

Will the real smart city please make itself visible?

ByEdward Wigley, Gillian Rose

chapter 22|20 pages

From hybrid spaces to “imagination cities”

A speculative approach to virtual reality
ByJohanna Ylipulli, Matti Pouke, Aale Luusua, Timo Ojala

chapter 23|17 pages

The museum in the smart city

The role of cultural institutions in co-creating urban imaginaries
ByCarlos Estrada-Grajales, Marcus Foth, Peta Mitchell, Glenda Amayo Caldwell

part Section 2|80 pages

Cities and placemaking

chapter 24|16 pages

The hackable city

Exploring collaborative citymaking in a network society
ByMartijn de Waal, Michiel de Lange, Matthijs Bouw

chapter 25|16 pages

Designing the city as a place or a product?

How space is marginalised in the smart city
ByAlessandro Aurigi

chapter 26|12 pages

Self-monitoring, analysis and reporting technologies

Smart cities and real-time data
ByAndrew Hudson-Smith, Stephan Hügel, Flora Roumpani

chapter 27|16 pages

Reimagining urban infrastructure through design and experimentation

Autonomous boat technology in the canals of Amsterdam
ByFábio Duarte, Lenna Johnsen, Carlo Ratti

chapter 28|18 pages

The death and life of smart cities

ByKatharine S. Willis